Annual Reviews Electronic Back Volume Collection 1932-2001ff
Abstract The localization of mRNAs is used by various types of polarized cells to locally translate specific proteins, which restricts their distribution to a particular sub-region of the cytoplasm. This mechanism of protein sorting is involved in major biological processes such as asymmetric cell division, oogenesis, cellular motility, and synapse formation. With the finding of localized mRNAs in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, it is now possible to benefit from the powerful yeast laboratory tools to explore the molecular basis of RNA localization. Because mRNA transport and localization in yeast share many features with RNA localization in higher eukaryotes, including the formation of a large ribonucleoprotein (RNP) localization complex, the requirement of a polarized cytoskeleton and molecular motors, and the role of nuclear RNA-binding proteins in cytoplasmic localization, the yeast can be used as a paradigm for unraveling the molecular aspects of this process. This review summarizes the current knowledge on RNP transport and localization in yeast.
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