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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The results of gain degradation measurements using the Comstar D/3 19.04 GHz beacon are reported. This experiment utilized 0.6 and 5 m aperture antennas aligned along the same propagation path to examine propagation effects which are related to the antenna aperture size. Sample data for clear air, scintillation in clear air, and precipitation fading are presented. Distributions of the received signal levels and variances for both antennas are also presented.
    Keywords: COMMUNICATIONS AND RADAR
    Type: ESL-712759-5 , AD-A229154 , NASA-CR-169442 , NAS 1.26:169442
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: A coherent optical spatial integration approach to ambiguity function generation is described. It uses one dimensional acousto-optic Bragg cells as input tranducers in conjunction with a space variant linear phase shifter, a passive optical element, to generate the two dimensional ambiguity function in one exposure. Results of a real time implementation of this system are shown.
    Keywords: OPTICS
    Type: NASA. Langley Research Center Opt. Inform. Process. for Aerospace Appl.; p 167-172
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: GaAs/InAs(100) multiple interface structures involving 7.4 percent lattice mismatch have been fabricated via molecular beam epitaxy and examined via transmission electron microscopy. It is found that high-quality, dislocation-free interfaces involving such high lattice mismatch can indeed be experimentally realized for very thin layers provided proper care is given to achieve a balance between the growth kinetics and the thermodynamics leading to the equilibrium ground state of the strained layer. The compressive strain is homogeneously accommodated and a tetragonal distortion is induced in the InAs layer with a perpendicular lattice constant in close agreement with that expected on the basis of the continuum theory and elastic constants of bulk InAs.
    Keywords: SOLID-STATE PHYSICS
    Type: Applied Physics Letters (ISSN 0003-6951); 46; 983-985
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Keywords: SOLID-STATE PHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B (ISSN 0734-211X); 2; 419-424
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: NASA-Johnson Space Center is designing and building a habitat (Bioregenerative Planetary Life Support Systems Test Complex, BIO-Plex) intended for evaluating advanced life support systems developed for long-duration missions to the Moon or Mars where all consumables will be recycled and reused. A food system based on raw products obtained from higher plants (such as soybeans, rice, and wheat) may be a central feature of a biologically based Advanced Life Support System. To convert raw crops to edible ingredients or food items, multipurpose processing equipment such as an extruder is ideal. Volatile compounds evolved during the manufacturing of these food products may accumulate and reach toxic levels. Additionally, off-odors often dissipated in open-air environments without consequence may cause significant discomfort in the BIO-Plex. Rice and defatted soy flours were adjusted to 16% moisture, and triplicate samples were extruded using a tabletop single-screw extruder. The extrudate was collected in specially designed Tedlar bags from which air samples could be extracted. The samples were analyzed by GC-MS with special emphasis on compounds with Spacecraft Maximum Allowable Concentrations (SMACs). Results showed a combination of alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, and carbonyl compounds in the different flours. Each compound and its SMAC value, as well as its impact on the air revitalization system, was discussed.
    Keywords: Life Sciences (General)
    Type: Biotechnology progress (ISSN 8756-7938); Volume 16; 2; 299-301
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Keywords: SOLID-STATE PHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B (ISSN 0734-211X); 3; 1317-132
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: Report describes experiments that used reflection high-energy-electron diffraction (RHEED) to investigate behavior of GaAs surfaces during and after growth by molecular-beam epitaxy (MBE). Experimental results show dynamic RHEED measurements useful both as probes of surface and growth kinetics and as methods for determining and reproducing surface and growth conditions.
    Keywords: PHYSICAL SCIENCES
    Type: NPO-16755 , NASA Tech Briefs (ISSN 0145-319X); 10; 3; P. 59
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-07-17
    Description: NASA Johnson Space Center is designing and building a habitat (Bioregenerative Planetary Life Support Systems Test Complex, BIO-Plex) intended for evaluating advanced life support systems developed for long duration missions to the Moon or Mars where all consumables will be recycled and reused. A food system based on raw products obtained from higher plants (such as soybeans, rice and wheat) may be a central feature of a biological ly-based Advanced Life Support System (ALSS). In order to convert raw crops to edible ingredients or food items, multipurpose processing equipment such as an extruder is ideal. Volatile compounds evolved during the manufacturing of these food products may accumulate reaching toxic levels. Additionally, off-odors often dissipated in open-air environments without consequence, may cause significant discomfort in the BIO-Plex. Rice and defatted soy flours were adjusted to 16% moisture and triplicate samples were extruded using a table top single-screw extruder. The extrudate was collected in specially designed Tedlar bags from which air samples could be extracted. The samples were analyzed by GC-MS with special emphasis on compounds with Spacecraft Maximum Allowable Concentrations (SMAC). Results showed a combination of alcohols, aldehydes, ketones and carbonyl compounds in the different flours. Each compound and its SMAC value as well as its impact on the air revitalization system was discussed.
    Keywords: Man/System Technology and Life Support
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-08-14
    Description: Tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Laura) were separated, according to the ripening stage, by a sensory panel into seven groups, and color was measured on the tomato surface with a Minolta Chroma meter. The L, a, b, hue, chroma, and lycopene content were plotted against the maturity stages of the tomatoes, and several good correlations were found. The a/b ratio and the lycopene content were the parameters that allowed six of seven maturity groups in the tomato to be statistically distinguished. The lycopene content, measured by HPLC, was also correlated with the color measurements, and the a, a/b, and (a/b)(2) color factors produced the best regressions. An estimation of the lycopene content in tomatoes can be achieved by using a portable chroma meter, with a possible field usage application. Equations to calculate the lycopene content of tomatoes based on the color readings are reported.
    Keywords: Life Sciences (General)
    Type: Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (ISSN 0021-8561); Volume 48; 5; 1697-702
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-08-14
    Description: There is a general belief that the quality of tomatoes ripened on vine is better than tomatoes ripened off the vine, influencing among other parameters, the price of this commodity. We compared the quality of hydroponic tomatoes ripened on and off vine by chemical, physical, and sensory evaluation to find what attributes are affected and to what extent. Lycopene, beta-carotene, total and soluble solids, moisture content, ascorbic acid, acidity, pH, texture, and color were analyzed. Tomatoes ripened on vine had significantly more lycopene, beta-carotene, soluble and total solids, higher a* and lower L*, and were firmer. However, a 100-judge panel rated only the color and overall liking of the vine-ripened tomatoes as more intense than the fruit ripened off vine. Therefore, the chemical and physical differences were mostly not large enough to influence the panelist's perception. The characterization of tomatoes ripened on and off vine may help to guide post-harvest handling and treatment and to improve the quality of tomatoes ripened off vine.
    Keywords: Life Sciences (General)
    Type: Journal of food science (ISSN 0022-1147); Volume 65; 3; 545-8
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