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  • 11
    ISSN: 1573-6857
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Evidence for multiple insemination in the mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis, was detected by statistical analysis of the enzyme phenotypes in mother-offspring combinations for three loci. The probability of nondetection of multiple insemination events for diallelic loci with two or more males mating with a female was presented. The frequency of multiple insemination for G. affinis is at least 56% but is probably nearer to 100%. The high incidence of multiple insemination together with sperm storage and delayed fertilization could have important effects on allele frequencies through time and space. These effects are due to the increase in effective population size and overlap among generations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 12
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: Reliable test method based on special strain gauge load transducer for embedment axial stress measurement in electronic modules
    Keywords: ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
    Format: text
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  • 13
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: The need for a validation technique for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes in STOVL applications has led to research efforts to apply infrared thermal imaging techniques to visualize gaseous flow fields. Specifically, a heated, free-jet test facility was constructed. The gaseous flow field of the jet exhaust was characterized using an infrared imaging technique in the 2 to 5.6 micron wavelength band as well as conventional pitot tube and thermocouple methods. These infrared images are compared to computer-generated images using the equations of radiative exchange based on the temperature distribution in the jet exhaust measured with the thermocouple traverses. Temperature and velocity measurement techniques, infrared imaging, and the computer model of the infrared imaging technique are presented and discussed. From the study, it is concluded that infrared imaging techniques coupled with the radiative exchange equations applied to CFD models are a valid method to qualitatively verify CFD codes used in STOVL applications.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: AIAA PAPER 91-0675
    Format: text
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  • 14
    ISSN: 1572-946X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The RS CVn binary stellar system HR 1099 is a source of both X-ray and radio flares. We present here a model of the system in which the two types of flare are produced by the same population of mildly-relativistic (γ ≲ 10) electrons, injected into a coronal loop. After reviewing possible radiation mechanisms we conclude that, given the probable conditions in the flaring region, the radio emission is gyrosynchrotron radiation and the X-ray emission is thermal bremsstrahlung. The thermal X-ray source must lie in the stellar chromosphere, but the apparent absence of plasma absorption at radio frequencies indicates that the radio source is located high in the coronal loop. Using the relationships given by Dulk and Marsh (1982) for the radio emission from a power-law electron energy spectrum,N(γ)α (γ - 1)−δ, we conclude that 3 ≲δ ≲ 7, with ≳ 30% of the electron population trapped in the radio source. Some implications of these results for one particular version of the model are discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 15
    ISSN: 1572-9761
    Keywords: Sigmodon hispidushabitat mosaic ; sex-age cohorts ; survivorship ; density decline ; landscape ; population dynamics ; electromorphs
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract This study describes the demographic features of a population of Sigmodon hispidus utilizing the habitat mosaic provided by a Carolina Bay on the Atlantic coastal plain of South Carolina. A total of 71 cotton rats were captured 160 times on a 4 ha grid during a winter decline from 25/ha to less that 1/ha. Body weights of adults declined until early February and then increased; those of subadults grew very slowly until February followed by a spurt in growth. Weight gain did not differ between survivors and non-survivors for males, but female survivors gained 1.5 g per week more than non-survivors. Female subadults exhibited higher mortality early in the decline and males later. Adult females were randomly distributed across 8 microhabitats, whereas adult males were almost exclusively confined to heavy Rubus cover. Subadult males used wet sites more than any other cohort; subadult females were widely distributed using drier sites most frequently. By the end of the decline, all survivors were localized in Rubus-dominated patches. No statistically significant changes in electromorph genotypes or allele frequencies were detected, but survivors had a higher frequency of the F-allele at the adenylate kinase locus than did non-survivors (42.3% vs. 16.7%). Our findings affirm the importance of a landscape perspective in understanding the population dynamics of cotton rats, and show how a habitat mosaic influences survival differentially among sex-age cohorts.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 16
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: 2H NMR spectroscopy has been used to map a high-resolution (±0.04 K) phase diagram for the ammonium pentadecafluorooctanoate(APFO)/heavy water system. It is qualitatively similar to that for the CsPFO/heavy water system. In particular, it exhibits a discotic micellar nematic phase N+D intermediate to an isotropic micellar solution phase I and a lamellar phase for weight fractions of APFO between 0.395 (φ=0.278) and 0.589 (φ=0.455) and temperatures between 292.10 and 338.10 K. The N+D to lamellar transition crosses over from second to first order behavior at a tricritical point similar to the superfluid transition in 3He/4He mixtures. X-ray scattering experiments shows there to be no dramatic change in the structure of the micelle at the I to N+D and the N+D to lamellar transitions. Nematic order parameters (orientational order parameters of the discoidal micelles) have been calculated from electrical conductivity measurements. Their variation with temperature in the nematic phase and across the nematic to lamellar transition are qualitatively consistent with the behavior expected for thermotropic calamitic liquid crystals undergoing an isotropic to nematic to smectic-A sequence of transitions.It is, therefore, concluded that the transition from the N+D to the lamellar phase solely involves the propagation of long range positional ordering of the discoidal micelles into planes along the nematic director, that is, the lamellar phase is a discotic lamellar phase LD. This result reinforces previous claims about the structure of the lamellar phase of the CsPFO system as opposed to the alternative scenario of a classical lamellar phase in which the bilayers are perforated by microscopic defects. This conclusion is supported by measurements of 2H quadrupole splittings of heavy water. Similar measurements for deuterated ammonium ions show a preference for counterion binding to sites of lowest surface curvature. The fraction of counterions bound to the surface of the micelle is shown to increase as the temperature is lowered due to a growth in diameter and associated changes in surface curvature.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The MSFC's Experimental Vector Magnetograph (EXVM) is an instrument that observes a 4.4 x 8.8 arcmin field of the sun. The transverse and longitudinal components of the surface magnetic field and the line-of-sight velocities of the photospheric gases can be determined from polarimetric and spectral analysis of the 525.02 nm absorption line of Fe 1. The EXVM has been breadboarded and tested in the laboratory. The optics of the EXVM were tested with a point-diffraction (Smartt) interferometer. The 12 inch Cassegrain telescope was found to have 0.20 waves RMS (at 525.02 nm) of aberration. The post-telescope relay optics were nearly diffraction limited on-axis and had about one wave of primary coma as the predominant aberration at full-field. From theoretical modulation transfer function (MTF) curves of known aberrations, it was concluded that the EXVM should attain a maximum spatial resolution of about 0.5 arcseconds. A resolution test target indicated maximum angular resolutions better than 0.6 arcsec on-axis and 0.7 arcsec at full-field-of-view. A 2D inch heliostat (sun-tracking mirror) was used to direct sunlight into the lab and into the EXVM. Solar images obtained were limited by atmospheric seeing effects. During brief moments of good seeing, angular resolutions of about 1 arcsecond were realized with the EXVM.
    Keywords: OPTICS
    Type: NASA-CR-192588 , NAS 1.26:192588
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2011-03-20
    Description: Strain gage load transducer measures axial embedment stresses in resins used for encapsulation of welded electronic modules. It simulates the geometry of an actual electronic component and can be modified in size, shape, and operating temperature.
    Keywords: ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS AND CIRCUITS
    Type: MFS-13486
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 19
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0021-8383
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 20
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0021-8383
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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