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  • 11
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Ultraviolet extinction bumps are investigated in the interstellar extinction curves between 1800 and 3600 A for 36 stars which have (B-V) excesses ranging from 0.03 to 0.55 and are mostly confined to the brighter OB associations distributed along the galactic plane. Each extinction curve is found to have a broad bump which peaks near 2175 A and whose position and profile appear to be constant among all the stars. It is shown that the bump is probably interstellar in origin and that the constancy of its position and shape places such severe restrictions on grain geometrical parameters that classical scattering theory cannot be used to explain the feature unless the dust grains in widely separated regions of space and with very different physical conditions are assumed to have nearly identical size and shape distributions. Three extinction curves which extend to 1100 A are examined and found to have the same general characteristics as the others. Several extinction curves are analyzed for fine structure, but no convincing evidence is found in the present interval. Some processes are discussed which may be responsible for the bumps.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 199; July 1
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  • 12
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Presentation of OAO-2 broad-band ultraviolet photometry data for Jupiter, Uranus, and Neptune. These data have been combined with observations of 23 late-type stars to derive planetary albedos over the region 2000-4300 A. The new broad-band albedo for Jupiter agrees well with a previous measurement based on OAO-2 spectrometer data. The albedos for Uranus and Neptune are in good agreement with ground measurements in the region of overlap. The results for Uranus and Neptune have been compared with theoretical calculations for semiinfinite and finite pure H2 Rayleigh-Raman scattering atmospheres. Except for the shortest wavelengths, the measurements lie below the semiinfinite theoretical calculations. The calculations for the finite atmospheres suggest that an additional absorbing constituent will be needed to explain the observed albedos.
    Keywords: SPACE SCIENCES
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 187; Jan. 1
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  • 13
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Keywords: SPACE SCIENCES
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 178; Dec. 15
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: A far UV spectrometer aboard OAO-2 observed the wavelength region near 1216 A for 69 stars of spectral type B2 or earlier. From the strength of the observed interstellar L-alpha absorption, column densities of atomic hydrogen were derived over distances averaging 300 pc away from the sun. Measurements of the equivalent widths of this absorption were found to be inappropriate for deducing column densities because of the blending of nearby strong stellar lines by the 12 A wide instrumental profile of the OAO. Instead, the OAO data were compared with synthetic UV spectra, originally derived from earlier higher-resolution rocket observations, which were computer processed to simulate the effects of absorption by different amounts of hydrogen followed by the instrumental blending.
    Keywords: SPACE SCIENCES
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 172; Mar. 1
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  • 15
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Recent information on the observed properties of interstellar dust is reviewed, with an attempt made to clarify some of the observational uncertainties associated with obtaining dust parameters. Attention is given to interstellar extinction, the interstellar dust distribution, the dust-to-gas ratio, and light scattering by dust grains. Interstellar polarization is also examined, along with heavy-element depletion in the interstellar medium, thermal emission from interstellar dust grains, diffuse interstellar features, and the composition and origin of interstellar grains.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
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  • 16
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Galactic absorption features observed in high-dispersion far-UV spectra of two Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) stars obtained with the IUE satellite are discussed. The stars observed were HD 38268 (OB + WN5) and HD 38282 (WN6), which lie at a distance of about 55 kpc and in the galactic direction corresponding to a latitude of about -32 deg and a longitude of about 280 deg. The line of sight to these stars passes through the disk and halo of the Milky Way and the halo and disk of the LMC. Evidence is presented for the existence of a hot (somewhat below 1 million K), low-density (about 0.001 H atom per cu cm) Galactic corona.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 230
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  • 17
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: The Copernicus UV telescope was used to measure equivalent widths of interstellar Fe II resonance lines toward 55 early-type stars; the measurements permit the determination of Fe II column densities. The depletion of interstellar gaseous iron was obtained by combining these measurements with the results from a previous atomic and molecular hydrogen survey program; the derived depletions refer mostly to matter in H I regions. As an example, the nearly normal gaseous iron abundance in the distant high-latitude intermediate-velocity cloud toward HD 93521 is consistent with the idea that these clouds are produced by galactic supernova explosions.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 229
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 206; May 15
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: The stellar Lyman-alpha line at 1216 A was observed in 29 lightly reddened stars of spectral type B2.5 to B9 by a far-UV spectrophotometer on OAO-2. The equivalent widths obtained range from 15 A at type B2.5 to 65 A at type B8; in the late-B stars, the L-alpha line removes 2 to 3% of the total stellar flux. In this sampling, the strength of the L-alpha line correlates well with measures of the Balmer discontinuity and Balmer line strengths; luminosity classification does not seem to affect the line strength. The observed line widths also agree with the predictions of Mihala's grid of non-LTE model atmospheres. In some cases, the L-alpha line influences the interstellar column densities reported in the interstellar OAO-2 L-alpha survey. Hence, these data toward lightly reddened B2 and B1.5 stars should be regarded as upper limits only.
    Keywords: SPACE SCIENCES
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 191; Aug. 1
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Keywords: SPACE SCIENCES
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 187; Jan. 15
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