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  • 11
    Publication Date: 1979-09-28
    Description: Mouse spinal neurons grown in tissue culture were used to examine the membrane mechanisms of action of the peptide substance P. Two functionally distinct actions were observed, one being a rapidly desensitizing excitation, and the other being a dose-dependent, reversible depression of excitatory responses to the putative amino acid neurotransmitter glutamate. These effects on excitability suggest that substance P may play more than one role in intercellular communication in the nervous system.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Vincent, J D -- Barker, J L -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1979 Sep 28;205(4413):1409-12.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/224464" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cell Communication ; Cells, Cultured ; Electric Conductivity ; Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists ; Glutamates/pharmacology ; Membrane Potentials ; Mice ; Neural Inhibition ; Spinal Cord/cytology/*physiology ; Substance P/*physiology ; Synaptic Transmission
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 12
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1980-07-25
    Description: Intracellular recordings from voltage-clamped mouse spinal neurons in tissue culture were used to study the membrane mechanisms underlying inhibitory responses to gamma-aminobutyric acid and the (-) isomer of pentobarbital. Fluctuation analysis suggested that both substances activated ion channels in the membranes. However, the channels activated by pentobarbital remained open five times longer than those activated by gamma-aminobutyric acid.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Mathers, D A -- Barker, J L -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1980 Jul 25;209(4455):507-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6248961" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Cell Membrane/drug effects/physiology ; Cells, Cultured ; Ion Channels/drug effects/*physiology ; Membrane Potentials/drug effects ; Mice ; Neurons/drug effects/*physiology ; Pentobarbital/*pharmacology ; Spinal Cord/*physiology ; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 13
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 269 (1977), S. 467-468 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] A symposium on the Electro-physiology of the Hypothalamus was held at Hemingford Grey House in Cambridge on 24-26 July in conjunction with the 27th International Physiological Congress in Paris. It was organised by R. Dyer (ARC Cambridge) and R. Dyball (ARC Cambridge). THE hypothalamus is ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A common scientific methodology and terminology is outlined for characterizing the radiometry of both TM sensors. The magnitude of the most significant sources of radiometric variability are discussed and methods are recommended for achieving the exceptional potential inherent in the radiometric precision and accuracy of the TM sensors.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: NAS 1.15:85623 , NASA-TM-85623 , E84-10186
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The image characteristics of digital data generated by LANDSAT 4 thematic mapper (TM) are discussed. Digital data from the TM resides in tape files at various stages of image processing. Within each image data file, the image lines are blocked by a factor of either 5 for a computer compatible tape CCT-BT, or 4 for a CCT-AT and CCT-PT; in each format, the image file has a different format. Nominal geometric corrections which provide proper geodetic relationships between different parts of the image are available only for the CCT-PT. It is concluded that detector 3 of band 5 on the TM does not respond; this channel of data needs replacement. The empty bin phenomenon in CCT-AT images results from integer truncations of mixed-mode arithmetric operations.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: E84-10183 , NAS 1.15:85620 , NASA-TM-85620
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 16
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The results of the absolute radiometric calibration of the LANDSAT 4 thematic mapper, as determined during pre-launch tests with a 122 cm integrating sphere, are presented. Detailed results for the best calibration of the protoflight TM are given, as well as summaries of other tests performed on the sensor. The dynamic range of the TM is within a few per cent of that required in all bands, except bands 1 and 3. Three detectors failed to pass the minimum SNR specified for their respective bands: band 5, channel 3 (dead), band 2, and channels 2 and 4 (noisy or slow response). Estimates of the absolute calibration accuracy for the TM show that the detectors are typically calibrated to 5% absolute error for the reflective bands; 10% full-scale accuracy was specified. Ten tests performed to transfer the detector absolute calibration to the internal calibrator show a 5% range at full scale in the transfer calibration; however, in two cases band 5 showed a 10% and a 7% difference.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: NAS 1.15:85600 , E84-10180 , NASA-TM-85600
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Raw thematic mapper (TM) calibration data from pre-launch tests and in-orbit acquisitions from LANDSAT 4 and 5 satellites are analyzed to assess the radiometric characteristics of the TM sensor. A software program called TM radiometric and algorithmic performance program (TRAPP) was used for the majority of analyses. Radiometric uncertainty in the final TM image originates from: (1) scene variability (solar irradiance and atmospheric scattering); (2) optical and electrical variability of the sensor; and (3) variability introduced during image processing.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: NAS 1.15:85599 , E84-10179 , NASA-TM-85599
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The radiometric subsystem of NASA's LANDSAT-4 Thematic Mapper (TM) sensor is described. Special emphasis is placed on the internal calibrator (IC) pulse shapes and timing cycle. The procedures for the absolute radiometric calibration of the TM channels with a 122-centimeter integrating sphere and the transfer of radiometric calibration from the channels to the IC are reviewed. The use of the IC to calibrate TM data in the ground processing system consists of pulse integration, pulse averaging, IC state identification, linear regression analysis, and histogram equalization. An overview of the SCROUNGE-era (before August 1983) method is presented. Procedural differences between SCROUNGE and the TIPS-era (after July 1983) and the implications of these differences are discussed.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: NAS 1.15:85597 , E84-10056 , NASA-TM-85597
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The spectral coverage characteristics of the two thematic mapper instruments were determined by analyses of spectral measurements of the optics, filters, and detectors. The following results are presented: (1) band 2 and 3 flatness was slightly below specification, and band 7 flatness was below specification; (2) band 5 upper-band edge was higher than specifications; (3) band 2 band edges were shifted upward about 9 nm relative to nominal; and (4) band 4, 5, and 7 lower band edges were 16 to 18 nm higher then nominal.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: E84-10184 , NASA-TM-85621 , NAS 1.15:85621
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Results are summarized and analyzed from several prelaunch tests with a 122 cm integrating sphere used as part of the absolute radiometric calibration experiments for the protoflight TM sensor carried on the LANDSAT-4 satellite. The calibration procedure is presented and the radiometric sensitivity of the TM is assessed. The internal calibrator and dynamic range after calibration are considered. Tables show dynamic range after ground processing, spectral radiance to digital number and digital number to spectral radiance values for TM bands 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 and for channel 4 of band 6.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: E84-10181 , NASA-TM-85601 , NAS 1.15:85601
    Format: application/pdf
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