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  • 11
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Palo Alto, Calif. : Annual Reviews
    ISSN: 0066-4146
    Source: Annual Reviews Electronic Back Volume Collection 1932-2001ff
    Topics: Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 12
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Scans of interstellar ultraviolet absorption lines of N I, N II, and Si III for 17 stars are combined with previously published data for 30 stars. The extremal velocities at which detectable absorption occurs are tabulated, and it is shown that these are correlated for the three species. The data suggest that intermediate-velocity gas (20 to 60 km/s), best known from Na I and Ca II absorption, contains both neutral and ionized hydrogen. Features characteristic of intermediate-velocity isothermal shocks (greater than 60 km/s) are conspicuously rare. The intermediate-velocity gas may be in the form of clouds containing both H I and H II regions or of radiative shocks propagating in the interstellar medium; in the latter case the gas should be detectable in H-alpha emission.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 220
    Format: text
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  • 13
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: The effects of radiation on the evaporation of spherical clouds in a hot medium are considered. The critical cloud radius at which radiative losses balance conductive heating is determined as a function of the external temperature and density. Smaller clouds evaporate, and larger clouds condense. The conditions under which the surfaces of the clouds may be detected are discussed. Net radiative losses for evaporating clouds are calculated, and an effective cooling function for a cloudy medium is obtained. The results may be applied to clouds in supernova remnants, in the interstellar medium, and in clusters of galaxies.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 215
    Format: text
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  • 14
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Recent abundance determinations in intermediate-velocity clouds near the Orion association have shown that silicon abundances may be nearly cosmic even in clouds with a velocity as low as 40 to 50 km/sec. It is argued that grain destruction in radiative shocks traveling perpendicular to the magnetic field may be much more effective than was previously considered. The destruction mechanism consists of acceleration of the gyromotion of the grains about their drift center owing to magnetic field compression, followed by sputtering of the high-velocity grains by He and (CNO) atoms. It is found that MgSiO3 grains may be almost fully destroyed in shocks of velocity greater than 80 km/sec and graphite grains substantially destroyed at shock velocities of 100 km/sec.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 225
    Format: text
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Observations of three strong interstellar UV absorption lines of N I (1199 A), N II (1083 A), and Si III (1206 A) in 47 stars of widely varying distance and a variety of spectral types are analyzed to obtain a velocity distribution function for the interstellar gas. A technique based on the maximum and minimum velocities observed along a line of sight is adopted because of heavy line blending, and results are discussed for both power-law and exponential distribution functions. The expected distribution of radiative-phase supernova remnants (SNRs) in the interstellar medium is calculated as a function of SNR birthrate and of the interstellar density in which they evolve. The results are combined with observed distance estimates, and it is shown that an interstellar density in excess of 0.1 per cu cm would be required to keep the SNRs sufficiently confined so that their cross sections are consistent with the observed number of components. The alternative possibility is considered that SNRs do not enter the radiative phase before escaping from the Galaxy or colliding with neighboring remnants.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 223
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  • 16
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: The Bondi-Hoyle-Lyttleton (1944) accretion model is considered which involves accretion onto a massive body moving at a high Mach number with respect to the ambient medium and the production of a high-density accretion column along the axis where particle orbits intersect. The stability of steady-state solutions with respect to short-wavelength perturbations is analyzed using the WKB approximation, and the accretion column is shown to be unstable toward such perturbations. It is noted that this instability is not affected by the position of the stagnation point in the steady-state solution.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Royal Astronomical Society; vol. 180
    Format: text
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; vol. 215
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: High-temperature (about 100 million K) intergalactic gas interacts with cooler embedded gas within galaxies and extragalactic clouds principally by thermal evaporation. From Cowie and McKee's (1977) model for evaporation of spherical interstellar clouds in pressure balance with a hot ambient medium, solutions are obtained for oblate and prolate spheroidal symmetry. The results are applied to evaporation of gases within spiral and elliptical galaxies, and can be extended to evaporation of filamentary clouds in the interstellar medium.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Nature; 266; Apr. 7
    Format: text
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: The results of a two-dimensional spectrophotometric survey of the core regions of 11 rich clusters of galaxies are presented. A number of these clusters have spectacular optical emission line systems in their cores. Both morphologically and kinematically, the emission line regions divide into extended, 20-100 kpc systems of long linear filaments associated with the cluster core and more compact, homogeneous elongated regions associated with the dominant central cluster galaxy. It is suggested that the present results can be expected, as hot X-ray emitting gas cools in the cluster center. Luminosities almost entirely agree with expected values. The morphology of the systems can be understood if the filaments form initially in the cooling flow and, in some cases, are subsequently accreted by the central galaxy.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 272; Sept. 1
    Format: text
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Orion OB1 was the association most heavily observed by the Copernicus satellite UV spectrometer, which detected very unusual, strong interstellar UV absorption lines. Negative velocity gas at -100 km/sec was also noted, together with the absence of a corresponding, very high positive velocity feature. These and other characteristics have led to the present inferrence of a radially expanding, thin, uniform and low column density shell of fast moving gas which surrounds the Ori OB1 and Lambda Ori regions. Inside this shell is a more slowly moving inhomogeneous region of higher density gas which produces the more sporadically distributed gas at velocities in the 30-100 km/sec range. Within this framework, it is suggested that the most recent supernova is seen in the highest velocity gas, while the composite effects of the history of supernova formation lie in the denser, slower material.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
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