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  • American Institute of Physics (AIP)  (99)
  • Oxford University Press  (92)
  • American Chemical Society (ACS)  (68)
  • 11
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The nitrogen donor levels have been studied by admittance spectroscopy between 20 and 200 K in Schottky barriers made on lightly n-type epitaxial 6H-SiC layers. Measurements at different frequencies yield different freezeout temperatures which in turn are used to determine the donor level energies. Two electron traps at Ec−0.082 eV and at Ec−0.140 eV were detected. These levels are associated with nitrogen, respectively, at the hexagonal sites for the former and at the cubic sites for the latter level.
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  • 12
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 67 (1990), S. 1639-1642 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Previous measurements of the stopping power of Kapton and Havar for 1.1–4.4-MeV protons have been analyzed with modified Bethe–Bloch theory in order to extract some of the parameters required in the formalism. Results suggest the possibility of systematic errors, in that the Havar data appear to have been slightly high and the Kapton data quite low when compared with other reported measurements. Currently recommended values of the mean excitation energy and Barkas-effect parameter are, respectively, 79 eV and 1.34 (Kapton) and 296 eV and 1.36 (Havar). The need for further accurate measurements for Kapton in particular is emphasized.
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  • 13
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Electrochemical techniques are applied to a study of selected intrinsic physical properties (independent of dopant) of polyacetylene, (CH)x. Electrochemical voltage spectroscopy (EVS) is used to characterize the energies of charge injection and removal for both cis-(CH)x and trans-(CH)x. The difference in charge injection and ejection potentials is shown to give a direct measure of the approximate semiconductor band gap and the results are compared with similar data from optical measurements. Charge injection and ejection potentials are used to define the redox potentials of (CH)x and are used in conjunction with equilibrium potential measurements at varying oxidation or reduction levels of polyacetylene to present a unifying concept to the electrochemistry of (CH)x.
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  • 14
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We investigate the efficient construction of guiding wave functions for use in diffusion Monte Carlo calculations of electronic excited states. We test guiding wave functions obtained from singles-only configuration interaction, time-dependent density functional theory, and complete active space self-consistent field methods. The techniques are used to study the first ionization potentials and excited states of silane and methane. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 15
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Mathematical Physics 32 (1991), S. 259-265 
    ISSN: 1089-7658
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Mathematics , Physics
    Notes: A correspondence between (not necessarily self-dual nor anti-self-dual) Yang–Mills fields on Minkowski space, and pairs of cohomology classes γ, φ, on null twistor space PN(large-closed-square) is established; γ∈H1CR (PN(large-closed-square),@sg) defines a deformed Cauchy–Riemman (C–R)(γ) structure on a principal bundle over PN, and φ∈H1CR(γ) (PN(large-closed-square),O(−4)⊗@sg). The correspondence depends on the choice of a spacelike hyperplane in Minkowski space. Here, γ and φ provide initial values in the spin bundle over this hyperplane for a system of evolution equations, along the null geodesic spray congruence in the spin bundle over Minkowski space.
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  • 16
    ISSN: 1089-7666
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Results are presented from an experimental study of the molecular mixing of a dynamically passive conserved scalar quantity in an axisymmetric laminar vortex ring. The experiments are based on highly resolved laser-induced fluorescence imaging measurements of the scalar field ζ(x,t) in the diametral plane of the ring, from which the evolution of the molecular mixing rate field ∇ζ⋅∇ζ(x,t) can be directly examined. In particular, the structure and dynamics of the mixing process are addressed during the three characteristic stages in the ring evolution, namely, (i) the ring generation stage, (ii) the ring pinch-off stage, and (iii) the asymptotic stage of the ring. Results show a layering of the mixing process in which the diffusional cancellation term ∇(∇ζ):∇(∇ζ) plays a major role in setting the overall mixing rate achieved. The scalar field measurements are also used to extract detailed information about the underlying velocity field in the ring.
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  • 17
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Physics of Fluids 10 (1998), S. 237-245 
    ISSN: 1089-7666
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Simulations of decaying compressible turbulent flows have been performed using the PPM algorithm on grids of 5123 and 10243 computational cells. Although the run on the finer grid has not yet been carried out to a time large enough for the spectra to relax fully, it adds significantly to the results on the coarser grid by lengthening the range of wave numbers in which the flow exhibits a self-similar character. There is an inertial range of scales in the decaying flow on the finer mesh that is free from direct effects of dissipation, forcing, boundary conditions, or initial conditions. Favre averaging of the high resolution data is performed on different scales from which the vorticity structures in the inertial range may be visualized and characterized without confusion from the smaller-scale features of the near dissipation range. We find that the vorticity structures of the inertial range are filamentary as well, but qualitatively different—shorter and more curved—than those of the dissipation range. Quantitative evidence of the action of vortex stretching in developed turbulence is also presented. © 1998 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 18
    ISSN: 1089-7674
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The Z-pinch-driven hohlraum (ZPDH) [J. H. Hammer et al., Phys. Plasmas 6, 2129 (1999)] is a promising approach to high yield inertial confinement fusion currently being characterized in experiments on the Sandia Z accelerator [M. E. Cuneo et al., Phys. Plasmas 8, 2257 (2001)]. Simulations show that capsule radiation symmetry, a critical issue in ZPDH design, is governed primarily by hohlraum geometry, dual-pinch power balance, and pinch timing. In initial symmetry studies on Z without the benefit of a laser backlighter, highly-asymmetric pole-hot and equator-hot single Z-pinch hohlraum geometries were diagnosed using solid low density foam burnthrough spheres. These experiments demonstrated effective geometric control and prediction of polar flux symmetry at the level where details of the Z-pinch implosion and other higher order effects are not critical. Radiation flux symmetry achieved in Z double-pinch hohlraum configurations exceeds the measurement sensitivity of this self-backlit foam ball symmetry diagnostic. To diagnose radiation symmetry at the 2%–5% level attainable with present ZPDH designs, high-energy x rays produced by the recently-completed Z-Beamlet laser backlighter are being used for point-projection imaging of thin-wall implosion and symmetry capsules. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 19
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Physics of Plasmas 8 (2001), S. 5140-5150 
    ISSN: 1089-7674
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Particle losses associated with edge localized mode (ELM) activity on the DIII-D tokamak [J. Luxon et al., Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1986, Vol. I, p. 159] are evaluated quantitatively using density profile data obtained from a Thomson scattering system. It is shown that up to 10% of the total core particle content is lost with each ELM. The particle loss varies inversely with ELM frequency. The temporally averaged ELM particle loss is shown to be about 25% of the total particle loss from the confined region under a wide variety of plasma conditions. Although this ELM loss is a small fraction of the total ion flux, it is large compared to the particle input from neutral beam heating. Hence ELM particle losses are sufficient to control the density rise associated with H-mode plasma operation with neutral beam heating. In addition to controlling the average density by enhancing the total ion flow, albeit only by 25%, it is posited that the ELMs play a role in determining the density profile in the H-mode pedestal region. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 20
    ISSN: 1089-7674
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The results of detailed comparisons between experimental measurements of the scrape-off layer and divertor plasmas and simulations using the UEDGE code for a DIII-D discharge [J. Luxon et al., Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1986), Vol. I, p. 159] are reported. The simulations focus on understanding the flow of both fuel and impurity particles throughout the edge and scrape-off layer (SOL) plasma. The core impurity content and the core hydrogen ionization rate can be explained by sputtering and recycling in the divertor region alone. The model reproduces most of the detailed experimental measurements. The simulations include the effect of intrinsic impurities, assumed to be carbon originating from sputtering of the plasma facing surfaces. The simulations accurately reproduce the total radiated power, although the spatial profile of radiation is somewhat narrower in the simulation. The measured carbon density on closed field lines is reproduced well with the simulation. Comparison of carbon emission lines indicates the total carbon sputtering yield is a factor of 2 to 4 less than expected, although the total radiated power and core carbon content are insensitive to the sputtering yield. The agreement between simulation and experiment permits more meaningful interpretation of the experimental measurements. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.
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