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  • 1
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    Unknown
    North-Holland
    In:  Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 29 . pp. 326-331.
    Publication Date: 2017-02-13
    Description: 10Be and 230Th profiles were measured at Site 580 at a depth of 20 m (230Th and 10Be) and 80 m (10Be), corresponding to 360 ka and 1.5 Ma, respectively, with a resolution of approx. 5000 a. The radiometric sediment accumulation rates of 6.2 cmka ( ± 25%) agree well with the average for the last 730 ka (via paleomagnetic stratigraphy). Age corrected concentrations of 10Be range from 2 to 7 × 109atomsg (average 3.5 ± 1). The variations of the 10Be concentrations can be explained by changes in the sediment supply during different climatic conditions. The maxima and the minima of 10Be follow the fluctuations of excess 230Th in the core section during the last 360 ka. Fluxes of both 10Be and 230Th exceed production and vary remarkably throughout time suggesting enhanced scavenging by bioproductivity. At the Brunhess-Matuyama boundary we observe a maximum of 10Be (6.0 ± 0.3.109atomsg, corresponding to 2.5 σ deviation from the average value). However, the observed large fluctuations of Be-10 throughout the core profile make it difficult to interprete this particular maximum.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-02-01
    Description: Manganese nodules from the Kane Gap (a deep sea channel connecting the Sierra Leone and Gambia Basins off West Africa) were investigated chemically and dated by10Be along cross-sections. Comparing the nodule structure with the stratigraphy of the related sediments, the following conclusions are drawn concerning the sedimentation processes during the last 4 to 6×106 years: The growth of the nodules started about 4 to 4.5 Ma before present during or near to the end of a period of erosion on a fossil-free, probably Miocene sediment. During the first phase of only a few hundred thousandyears, the nodules grew very quickly (7 to 〉18 mm/Ma). Fe-rich hydrogenetic material formed the internal sections of the nodules during this time. Slowing down of the bottom currents, resulting in deposition of thin sediment covers for short intervals, caused the character of the nodules to change to a more diagenetic composition. The growth rates were reduced to about 1 to 2 mm/Ma. The time of slowing is roughly 3 to 4 Ma BP. Probable uncertainties of the dating and growth rates resulting from supposed changes of the10Be supply to the nodules due to variations of the near bottom environment are discussed.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
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  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    In:  [Talk] In: 4. International Conference on Paleoceanography (ICP IV), 21.09.-25.09.1992, Kiel .
    Publication Date: 2014-05-26
    Type: Conference or Workshop Item , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 4
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    Kluwer
    In:  In: Geological History of the Polar Oceans: Arctic versus Antarctic. , ed. by Bleil, U. and Thiede, J. 〈https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3452-2208〉 Kluwer, Netherlands, pp. 475-487.
    Publication Date: 2019-09-13
    Type: Book chapter , PeerReviewed
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: The terrestrial age of a meteorite that was recovered from below the surface of Antarctic ice is reported, and it is argued that this represents a measurement of the age of the ice itself. The cosmogenic radionuclides Be-10, C-14, Al-26, Cl-36, and Mn-53 are measured in the meteorite and Be-10 and Cl-36 in the ice. A terrestrial age of 11,000 yr is obtained for the meteorite, which suggests that the snow accumulation area where it fell was only a few tens of km away.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Nature (ISSN 0028-0836); 340; 550-552
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: The existence of microbial communities living inside desert rocks has been reported by FRIEDMANN et al. (1967, 1976), first in rocks collected from the hot and dry Negev desert and later in rocks in the frigid Ross Desert of Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. The extremely inhospitable climatic conditions in both places has led to the suggestion that these organisms have very low rates of metabolism and may, in addition, be very old (FRIEDMANN 1982). Our preliminary measurements showed a 14C deficiency indicating a carbon age in the order of magnitude of 10(3) years.
    Keywords: Exobiology
    Type: Polarforschung (ISSN 0032-2490); Volume 58; 2-3; 199-200
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: The concentrations of cosmogenic nuclides were studied as a function of shielding on samples from a cross section of the 293 kg main fragment of the L5 chondrite Knyahinya. The stone broke into two nearly symmetrical parts upon its fall in 1866. The planar cross section has diameters between 40 and 55 cm. He, Ne, and Ar were measured on about 20 samples by mass spectrometry and the 10-Be activities on aliquots of 10 selected samples were determined by AMS. The 10-Be data are presented and the abundances of spallogenic nuclides are compared with the model calculations reported by Reedy for spherical L chondrites. The 10-Be production rates in Knyahinya are shown versus the shielding parameter 22-Ne/21-Ne.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst. Workshop on Cosmogenic Nuclides; 1 p
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: The cosmogenic radionuclides Be(10), Al(26), and Mn(53) and noble gases were determined in more than 28 meteorites from Antarctica by nuclear analytical techniques and static mass spectrometry, respectively. The summarized results are listed. The concentrations of Al(26) and Mn(53) are normalized to the repective main target elements and given in dpm/kg Si sub eq and dpm/kg Fe. The errors stated include statistical as well as systematical errors. For noble gas concentrations estimated errors are 5% and for isotopic ratios 1.5%. Cosmic ray exposure ages T sub 21 were calculated by the noble gas concentrations and the terrestrial residence time (T) on the basis of the spallogenic nuclide Al(26). The suggested pairing of the LL6 chondrite RKPA 80238 and RKPA 80248 and the eucrites ALHA 76005 and ALHA 79017 is confirmed not only by the noble gas data but also by the concentrations of the spallation produced radionuclides. Futhermore, ALHA 80122, clasified as an H6 chondrite, has a noble gas pattern which suggest that this meteorite belongs to the ALHA 80111 shower.
    Keywords: SPACE RADIATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst. International Workshop on Antarctic Meteorites; p 55-57
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