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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: Recent studies of free shear flows are reviewed. Included are experimental studies of: excited and unexcited circular and elliptic jets, plane wake and mixing layers, and effects of excitation on augmentation and reduction of jet turbulence and jet noise. It is shown that proper excitation can produce both large increases and large decreases in turbulence and Reynolds stress level, mixing and noise generation, suggesting promising technological applications of self-excited jets such as whistler jets. It is also argued that 'ribs' or longitudinal vortices play an important role in production and mixing in free, and perhaps all, turbulent shear flows. The 'cut-and-connect' interaction of vortical structures is proposed as a key mechanism for coherent structure breakdown, mixing, turbulence production, and aerodynamic noise generation. A simple analysis of the viscous vorticity equation using symmetry of configurations of vortical structures before and after the interaction gives realistic predictions.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: AIAA PAPER 86-0235
    Format: text
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2006-01-16
    Description: A schematic representation of the generation and propagation processes for energetic particles of concern in solar terrestrial predictions is given. Particle precipitation at low, mid, and high altitudes is discussed with emphasis on prediction techniques. Methods given for testing of such techniques include traditional collaborations, enhanced collaborations, simulated prediction schemes, and field tests.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: NASA. Marshall Space Flight Center Solar-Terrest. Predictions Proc., Vol. 2; p 433-440
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-19
    Description: The lessons we have learned from the Great Tohoku EQ (Japan, 2011) how this knowledge will affect our future observation and analysis is the main focus of this presentation.We present multi-sensors observations and multidisciplinary research in our investigation of phenomena preceding major earthquakes. These observations revealed the existence of atmospheric and ionospheric phenomena occurring prior to theM9.0 Tohoku earthquake of March 11, 2011, which indicates s new evidence of a distinct coupling between the lithosphere and atmosphere/ionosphere, as related to underlying tectonic activity. Similar results have been reported before the catastrophic events in Chile (M8.8, 2010), Italy (M6.3, 2009) and Sumatra (M9.3, 2004). For the Tohoku earthquake, our analysis shows a synergy between several independent observations characterizing the state of the lithosphere /atmosphere coupling several days before the onset of the earthquakes, namely: (i) Foreshock sequence change (rate, space and time); (ii) Outgoing Long wave Radiation (OLR) measured at the top of the atmosphere; and (iii) Anomalous variations of ionospheric parameters revealed by multi-sensors observations. We are presenting a cross-disciplinary analysis of the observed pre-earthquake anomalies and will discuss current research in the detection of these signals in Japan. We expect that our analysis will shed light on the underlying physics of pre-earthquake signals associated with some of the largest earthquake events
    Keywords: Geophysics
    Type: GSFC.ABS.5970.2012 , Geophysical Research Abstracts; 14|European Geophysical Union (EGU) General Assembly 2012; 22-27 Apr. 2012; Vienna; Austria
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-08-28
    Description: Nonlinear wave-wave interaction between signals from a ground-based VLF transmitter and narrow-band ELF emissions in the subauroral ionosphere is studied by means of the bispectrum and bicoherence analysis. A bicoherence analysis has indicated that the sideband structures around the Siple transmitter signal received onboard the ISIS satellite are due to the nonlinear interaction between the Siple VLF signal and the pre-existing ELF emission.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Geophysical Research Letters (ISSN 0094-8276); 20; 8; p. 739-742.
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