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  • Other Sources  (10)
  • 1980-1984  (10)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: A few interplanetary electron density scales which were derived from the analysis of interplanetary solar radio burst are discussed and compared to a model derived from 1974 to 1980 Helios 1 and 2 in situ density observations made in the 0.3 to 1.0 AU range. The Helios densities were normalized to 1976 with the aid of IMP and ISEE data at 1 AU, and were then sorted into 0.1 AU bins and logarithmically averaged within each bin. The best fit to these 1976-normalized, bin averages is in N(R(AU)) = 6.1 R(-2.10)/cu cm. This model is in rather good agreement with the solar burst determination if the radiation is assumed to be on the second harmonic of the plasma frequency. This analysis also suggests that the radio emissions tend to be produced in regions denser than the average where the density gradient decreases faster with distance than the observed R(-2.10). Previously announced in STAR as N83-35989
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Solar Physics (ISSN 0038-0938); 90; 401-412
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  • 2
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: The relation of IMP-7 and IMP-8 data to the International Magnetospheric Study is discussed. Relevant spacecraft and experiment characteristics, and the nature and accessibility of data from each experiment, are identified. Finally the potential value of IMP data in IMS studies is illustrated with a few citations from the IMP Bibliography and with figures from a recent multiple-data-set magnetotail plasma sheet study.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
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  • 3
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: The magnitude of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) exhibits an enhancement during 1978-1979 relative to all years back to 1963. It is shown that IMF magnitude variations over the 1966-1979 period represent the combined effect of variations in both the radial flux density of the IMF and the degree of spiraling of the IMF, consistent with the theoretical model of Parker. The 1978-1979 IMF magnitude enhancement is due to an enhancement of radial flux which was in turn related to an increase of magnetic flux leaving solar active regions. It is also shown that during the corotating stream dominated years 1973-1976, the IMF was less wound up than it was during other years, and that 1973-1974 were years of enhanced radial flux.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research; 86; June 1
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: (Previously announced in STAR as N81-20996)
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research; 87; Aug. 1
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: The magnitude of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) exhibits an enhancement during 1978 to 1979 relative to all years back to 1963. It is shown that IMF magnitude variations over the 1966 to 1979 period represent the combined effect of variations in both the radial flux density of the IMF and the degree of spiraling of the IMG, consistent with the theoretical model of Parker. The 1978 to 1979 IMF magnitude enhancement is due to an enhancement of radial flux which was in turn related to an increase of magnetic flux leaving solar active regions. It is also shown that during the corotating stream dominated years 1973 to 1976, the IMF was less wound up than during other years, and that 1973 to 1974 were years of enhanced radial flux.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA-TM-82075
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: Observations of plasma and magnetic field variations in the near-Earth solar wind are discussed. Both a corotating stream and a driven shock are present. The driver gas seems to be enveloped in the rising speed phase of this stream; this appearance is attributed to a convoluted surface separating the two plasma domains. The magnetic field in the post shock flow (0030-1230 UT of July 29) has a large and geoeffective southward component at times; the energy coupling coefficient reaches approximately 5.4 x 10 to the 19th power ergs/s. In the driver gas (1230 UT of July 29 to 0110 of July 30) the magnetic field is dominantly northward. The density and dynamic pressure decrease by almost two orders of magnitude (100 to 2 cm/3) from just behind the interplanetary shock to approximately 3 hours into the driver gas flow. The dominant magnetic field variation in the driver gas is modeled by a cloud-like structure. Significant plasma parameter variations within the driver gas are attributed to structure in the parent solar mass ejection event and to interplanetary kinematics.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA-TM-82095
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: ISEE 1, 2, 3, IMP 8, and Prognoz 7 observations of interplanetary shocks in 1978 and 1979 provide five instances where a single shock is observed by four spacecraft. These observations are used to determine best-fit normals for these five shocks. In addition to providing well-documented shocks for future investigations these data allow the evaluation of the accuracy of several shock normal determination techniques. When the angle between upstream and downstream magnetic field is greater than 20 deg, magnetic coplanarity can be an accurate single spacecraft method. However, no technique based solely on the magnetic measurements at one or multiple sites was universally accurate. Thus, the use of overdetermined shock normal solutions, utilizing plasma measurements, separation vectors, and time delays together with magnetic constraints, is recommended whenever possible.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 88; June 1
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: A few interplanetary electron density scales which were derived from the analysis of interplanetary solar radio burst are discussed and compared to a model derived from 1974 to 1980 Helios 1 and 2 in situ density observations made in the 0.3 to 1.0 AU range. The Helios densities were normalized to 1976 with the aid of IMP and ISEE data at 1 AU, and were then sorted into 0.1 AU bins and logarithmically averaged within each bin. The best fit to these 1976-normalized, bin averages is N(R(AU)) = 6.1 R(-2.10)/cu cm. This model is in rather good agreement with the solar burst determination if the radiation is assumed to be on the second harmonic of the plasma frequency. This analysis also suggests that the radio emissions tend to be produced in regions denser than the average where the density gradient decreases faster with distance than the observed R(-2.10).
    Keywords: SPACE RADIATION
    Type: NASA-TM-85094 , NAS 1.15:85094
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: A numerical model is formulated for correlations between the cross polar cap potential, the solar wind, and the AI index and compared with satellite data. The conductivity model was devised from empirically defined relationships between the Hall and Pedersen conductivities and the measured magnitude of the horizontal magnetic disturbance near College, AK. An instantaneous conductivity distribution was generated from data gathered at, e.g., six IMS meridian chain stations. A strong correlation appeared between an energy coupling function (ECF) and the polar cap potential drop. The ECF was derived from the chain station data, implying that potential drop estimates can be made from ground-based magnetometer data.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 89; 11028-11
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: Two magnetospheric substorms and the intensification of the second are caused by interplanetary magnetic field and ram pressure changes associated with a kinky heliospheric current sheet (KHCS). The responsible interplanetary features occur in a highly compressed region between a solar flare-associated shock wave and the cold driver gas. The possibility that the interplanetary structure is a 'magnetic cloud' is ruled out.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Geophysical Research Letters (ISSN 0094-8276); 11; 339-342
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