Supplement to: Klaver, G T; van Kempen, Th MG; Bianchi, F; van der Gaast, Sjerry J (1987): Green spherules as indicators of the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in Deep Sea Drilling Project Hole 603B. In: van Hinte, JE; Wise, SW Jr; et al. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Washington (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 93, 1039-1056, https://doi.org/10.2973/dsdp.proc.93.142.1987
Dark green spherules occur in the lower part of a turbidite in Section 603B-22-3, at the 70 cm level. In all probability these spherules originally consisted of massive glass, but now appear to have become completely altered into smectite. The presence of numerous microscopic fissures in the spherules probably mediated in the alteration process.
Judging by the presence of similar spherules at the Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) boundary in DSDP Hole 390B, the green spherules are thought to represent diagenetically altered impact ejecta from one large or several smaller extraterrestrial objects at the end of the Cretaceous. The presence of anomalously high concentrations of Ni, Co, and As higher up in the turbidite are in agreement with an expected enrichment of these elements in the K/T boundary clay. However, precise Ir analyses are necessary in order to confirm this.
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