Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
A qualitative screening revealed the occurrence of lipase, esterase, protease, amylase, endo-1,4-β-D-glucanase, xylanase, pectinmethylesterase, polygalacturonase, catalase, β-D-glucosidase and β-D-galactosidase activities in the technical Aspergillus niger enzyme under study (Lipase 2212 D, Röhm). The isolation and purification of lipolytic activities were performed by combination of DEAE-Trisacryl M ion exchange chromatography, Sephadex G 50 gel filtration and hydrophobic chromatography using Phenylsepharose CL-4B. The individual purification steps were checked by specific enzyme visualization in ultrathin agar gels after ultrathin-layer isoelectric focusing (UIEF). Two UIEF homogeneous lipase isoenzymes (I and II) were isolated and characterized by the following parameters: isoelectric points (I: 4.0; II. 3.5); molecular weights (I: 31000 daltons; II: 19000 daltons); carbohydrate contents (I: 6%; II: 9%) and compositions; pH optima (I, II: 5-6); substrate specificities and various effectors.
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