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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-2703
    Keywords: turbulent shear layer ; large-eddy simulation ; subgrid-scale models ; acoustic analogy ; Lighthill's analogy.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics , Technology
    Notes: Abstract The effect of the small scales on the source term in Lighthill's acoustic analogy is investigated, with the objective of determining the accuracy of large-eddy simulations when applied to studies of flow-generated sound. The distribution of the turbulent quadrupole is predicted accurately, if models that take into account the trace of the SGS stresses are used. Its spatial distribution is also correct, indicating that the low-wave-number (or frequency) part of the sound spectrum can be predicted well by LES. Filtering, however, removes the small-scale fluctuations that contribute significantly to the higher derivatives in space and time of Lighthill's stress tensor T ij. The rms fluctuations of the filtered derivatives are substantially lower than those of the unfiltered quantities. The small scales, however, are not strongly correlated, and are not expected to contribute significantly to the far-field sound; separate modeling of the subgrid-scale density fluctuations might, however, be required in some configurations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-1987
    Keywords: large-eddy simulation ; subgrid-scale models ; generalizedcoordinates ; non-orthogonal grids ; channel flows
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract This paper presents the formulation of a mixed dynamic subgrid-scale model in non-Cartesian geometries suitable for the study of complex flows. Following the approach developed by Jordan [J. Comput. Phys. 148, 322 (1999)], the variables are first transformed into a contravariant form and then filtered in the computational space. A dynamic localized mixed model, previously developed within the Cartesian framework has been entirely re-formulated for non-orthogonal meshes. The model performance was evaluated by carrying out two tests. First, a plane channel flow at Reτ = 395 was simulated using both Cartesian and curvilinear grids; the results show that the model formulation is consistent and insensitive to grid distortion, and compares well with the reference data. Then, computations of the turbulent flow over a two-dimensional channel with a wavy wall were performed. Accurate first- and second-order statistics were obtained using relatively coarse grids.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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