Anti-Pr cold agglutinins
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Anti-Pr cold agglutinins (CAs) with the subspecificities anti-Pr1h,-Pr1d, -Pr2, -Pr3h, -Pr3d, -PrM and anti-Sa CAs recognize immunodominantN-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuN Ac) groups of tetra and/or trisaccharides (O-glycans) of glycophorin. These O-glycans are sialylated in α2,3- and/or α2,6-linkages. Sa and most Pr antigens have been inactivated by α2,3-specific sialidases. Antigenicity was reconstituted on desialylated glycophorin by α2,3-specific Galβ1,3GalN Ac-sialyltransferase indicating that α2,3-linked NeuN Ac groups are the immunodominant components of Sa and most Pr antigens. Some Pr antigens were resistant to α2,3-specific sialidase and were not reconstituted by α2,3-specific Galβ1,3GalN Ac-sialyltransferase, which indicates that α2,6-linked NeuN Ac group represents an immunodominant component of some Pr antigens.
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