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  • 1
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] ; π-acceptor ligands ; reactivity ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Reactions of [Li(TMED)2] [Co(COD)2] with π-Acceptor LigandsThe isoelectronic complexe [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] und (dipy)Ni(COD) are compared as to their reactions with bifunctional nitrogen ligands (1, 4-Diaza-1, 3-diene, α, α′-bipyridine). In each case mixed ligand complexes of the type Li[)Co(COD)] (Solv)x (Solv = THF, TMED) are obtained. The magnetic properties, to a high degree, depend on the π-acceptor strength of the nitrogen ligand. Both diamagnetic (electron configuration 3d10 of cobalt) and paramagnetic complexes, such as Li[(tgd)Co(COD)] (Solv)x, (cobalt (0) with a 3d9-configuration and the radical anion tgd-), are formed (tgd = glyoxal[bis (4-methylphenylimin].[Li(TMED)2] [(dipy)Co(COD)] (IV) reacts with MSA by substitution of COD. In a solution of IV in THF surplus MSA is polymerised. It is unknown, whether the complex IV or TMED as a part of IV are the initiators of the polymerisation.
    Notes: Die isoelektronischen Komplexe [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] und (dipy)Ni(COD) werden in bezug auf ihre Reaktivität gegenüber bifunktionellen Stickstoffliganden (1, 4-Diaza-1, 3-diene, α, α′-Dipypridyl) verglichen. In jedem Fall werden Gemischtliganden-Komplexe des Typs Li[)Co(COD)] (Solv)x (Solv = THF, TMED) erhalten. Das magnetische Verhalten dieser Verbindungen hängt in starkem Maße von der π-Akzeptorstärke des Stickstoffliganden ab; neben diamagnetischen Species (Elektronenkonfiguration 3d10 am Cobalt) steht der paramagnetische Komplex Li[tgd)Co(COD)] (Solv)x, der neben Cobalt(0) das Radikalanion tgd- enthält (tgd = Gloxal[bis(4-methylphenylimin)].[Li(TMED)2] [(dipy)Co(COD)] reagiert mit MSA unter Substitution des COD. Größere Überschüsse an MSA polymerisieren in der Lösung. Unklar bleibt, ob der Komplex oder nur seine Bestandteile diese Polymerisation initiieren.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Cobalt (nickel) complexes ; bis(2-pyridinamine) adducts of MII bis(acetylacetonate) ; carbonate ; acetylacetonate hydrogencarbonate ; preparation ; crystal structure ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: 2-Pyridinamine Adducts of Transition Metal Bis(acetylacetonates) and their Reactions. Hydrogencarbonate as a Chelating Ligand in cis-(Ampy)2Co(acac)(HCO3)The reaction of cobalt(II) salts, acetylacetone (acacH), 2-pyridinamine (Ampy), and the carbon dioxide of the air in methanol affords a mixture of (Ampy)2Co(acac)2(II) and (Ampy)2Co(CO3)(H2O)2. On heating in toluene, appropriately in the presence of carbon dioxide, these complexes are converted into cis-(Ampy)2Co(acac)(HCO3) (III). Characteristic of compound III is a four-membered ring with the hydrogencarbonate as a bidentate ligand. The two Co—O distances are distinctly different (215.9 and 224.4 pm).In the complexes II and III 2-pyridinamine is a bidentate ligand coordinating by the endo-nitrogen. The Co-n-N bond lengths vary between 210.9 and 225.3 pm. Reasons are both the different trans-influence of the hydrogencarbonate or the acetylacetonato donor atoms and the π-interaction between cobalt(II) and the pyridine ring. This interaction is more significant in the cis-complex III. II and III are stabilized by a system of N—H … O- and O—H …O-bridges.With nickel(II) complexes analogous to II and III were obtained, while only the type II was characterized for manganese(II).
    Notes: Die Umsetzung von Cobalt(II)-Salzen mit Acetylaceton (acacH), 2-Pyridinamin (Ampy) und dem Kohlendioxid der Luft in Methanol gibt ein Gemisch von trans-(ampy)2Co(acac)2(II) und (Ampy)2Co(CO3)(H2O)2. Beim Erhitzen in Toluen, zweckmäßigerweise unter Durchleiten von Kohlendioxid, setzen sich diese Komplexe zu cis-(Ampy)2Co(acac)(HCO3)(III) um.Für III ist ein viergliedriger Chelatring mit dem Hydrogencarbonat als zweizähligem Liganden charakteristisch, die beiden Co—O-Abstände sind deutlich verschieden (215,9 und 224,4 pm).In II und III ist Ampy einzählig und koordiniert über den endo-Stickstoff. Die Co—N-Abstände variieren von 210,9 bis 225,3 pm. Differenzierende Faktoren sind der unterschiedliche Transeinfluß von Hydrogencarbonat-bzw. Acetylacetonathaftatomen, aber auch die π-Wechselwirkung zwischen dem Zentralatom und dem Pyridinring, die beim cis-Komplex III stärker als beim trans-Komplex II ausgeprägt ist. Die Verbindungen II und III werden durch ein System von N—H … O-und O—H … O-Brücken stabilisiert.Im Falle des Nickels wurden die zu II und III analogen Komplexe erhalten, bei Mangan(II) konnte dagegen nur der Typ II realisiert werden.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Transition metal halides acetylacetonate complexes ; preparation ; crystal structure ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Addition of Transition Metal Dihalides to Acetylacetonates of Divalent Metal IonsTransition metal dihalides aMIIX2 (FeCl2, CoCl2 NiBr2 etc.) are added by the chelates MII(acac)2 under formation of binuclear complexes (THF)2MII(acac)2(aMIIX2). The octahedral and the tetrahedral centre of these compounds are connected by tridentate oxygen atoms of the two acetylacetonato ligands which are simultaneously included in four-membered rings (MIIO2aMII). The addition is combined with a deformation of the octahedral centre, as a prerequisite of a closest package of the atoms within the MIIO2aMII-ring.In the trinuclear complex (THF)2Ni(acac)2(HgCl2)2 III the interaction between the three coordination centres is weak. No structural change of the octahedral centre (THF)2Ni(acac)2 is found, but the HgCl2-groups diverge slightly from linearity (Cl—Hg—Cl 171.1°).No binuclear complexes with a central ion of the oxidation state III in the octahedral centre were obtained. One reason is the lowered donor strength of the bidentate Lewis base function of the octahedral centre [(THF)2Mn+(acac)2]n-2 with M+3 as a centralatom. Reacting systems with di- and trivalent ions prefer ionic complexes, as it is shown by the formation of [(THF)2V(acac)2][(THF)CoCl3] IV from VCl3 and Co(acac)2.The crystal structures of (THF)2Co(acac)2CoCl2II and [(THF)2V(acac)2][(THF)CoCl3] IV were determined by x-ray diffraction. II: orthorhombic-primitive; space group P212121, Z = 4; a = 967.4(2), b = 1453.4(3), c = 1715.9(4) pm; R = 0.049 for 3084 observed reflections. IV: triclinic; space group P1, Nr. 2; Z = 2; a = 871,5(2), b = 930,6(3), c = 1865,6(6) pm; α = 101,70(2), b̃ = 92,45(2), γ = 91,06(2)°; R = 0,060 für 4221 observed reflections.
    Notes: Bis(acetylacetonate) von Magnesium(II), Cobalt(II) oder Nickel(II) addieren Dihalogenide wie FeCl2, CoCl2 oder NiBr2 (aMIIX2) unter Bildung binuklearer Komplexe (THF)2MII(acac)2(aMIIX2), in denen ein oktaedrisches und ein tetraedrisches Zentrum über zwei dreibindige Sauerstoffatome der Acetylacetonatliganden miteinander verknüpft sind (Bildung eines viergliedrigen MIIO2aMII-Ringes). Die Addition ist mit einer Deformation des oktaedrischen Zentrums verbunden, die eine dichte Packung der vier Atome des MIIO2aMII-Ringes ermöglicht.Im trinuklearen Komplex (THF)2Ni(acac)2(HgCl2)2 III bleibt die Wechselwirkung zwischen den drei Koordinationszentren gering. Das oktaedrische Zentrum (THF)2Ni(acac)2 wird strukturell nicht verändert, allerdings weichen die beiden HgCl2-Bausteine (Valenzwinkel 171,1°) von der Linearität ab.Es gelang nicht, binukleare Komplexe mit einem Zentralatom der Oxidationsstufe III im oktaedrischen Zentrum darzustellen. Ein Grund dafür ist die verringerte Donorstärke der zweizähligen Lewisbasen-Funktion im oktaedrischen Zentrum [(THF)Mn+(acac)2]n-2 für M+3 als Zentralion. Reaktive Systeme mit zwei- und dreiwertigen Kationen weichen auf die Seite von ionischen Komplexen aus, wie die Bildung von [(THF)2V(acac)2][(THF)CoCl3] IV aus VCl3 und Co(acac)2 zeigt.Die Kristallstrukturen von (THF)2Co(acac)2CoCl2 II und [(THF)2V(acac)2][(THF)CoCl3] IV wurden durch Röntgenbeugung bestimmt.II: orthorhombisch primitiv, Raumgruppe P212121, Z = 4; a = 967,4(2), b = 1453,4(3), c = 1715,9(4) pm; R = 0,049 für 3084 beobachtete Reflexe.IV: triklin, Raumgruppe P1, Nr.2; Z = 2; a = 871,5(2), b = 930,6(3), c = 1865,6(6) pm; α = 101,70(2), b̃ = 92,45(2), γ = 91,06(2)°; R = 0,060 für 4221 beobachtete Reflexe.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0021-9304
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: A study using an electro-osmotic cell suitable for actuating an implantable insulin micropump showed that controlled variable flow rates in the order of 0.2 mL/day are possible. The cell functioned continuously with low energy and power requirements and long service life. The principle of operation is compatible with achieving the very low flow rates necessary if highly concentrated insulin is to be used to avoid frequent insulin reservoir refilling. An electro-osmotic cell, Ag/ AgCl/NaCl(aq)/ cation exchange membrane/NaCl(aq)/ AgCl/ Ag, was connected to a constant current power supply which reversed the direction of the current every 10 mins causing a to-and-fro transport of fluid through the membrane. Flow rates of 0.15-0.60 μL/min were achieved with currents of 2.5-10 mA. At the low flow rate, energy consumption was 6.4 × 10-2 J/μL and peak power requirement was 〈2.0 × 10-4 W. Fluid was transported against a pressure gradient of 52 cm Hg. The cell contained a total electrolyte volume of 〈0.25 mL. The membrane showed no change in properties after 10,000 current reversals (69 days). To function as an actuator for an implantable insulin micropump, the electro-osmotic cell requires a switching and valving assembly; a suitable design for this is briefly considered.
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