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  • nanocomposites  (3)
  • Dynamic properties  (1)
  • Nickel coated graphite  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-4897
    Keywords: MMC ; Nickel coated graphite ; Squeeze casting ; Instable interface ; Electroplating
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract Metal Matrix Composites (MMC's) reinforced with continuous fibers were generally fabricated by a foil-sandwich technique or by liquid metal infiltration. Liquid metal infiltration may be used to cast final shapes in molds containing fiber preforms. It is also used to make composite wire from which may be fabricated panels and shapes by hot-press diffusion bonding or pultrusion. The major drawback of this method is that the molten matrix must wet the fiber for successful infiltration to occur, requiring special fiber surface treatments or matrix additives, and that, molten metals generally dissolve or degrade the fibers, necessitating a barrier coating on the fibers. All these problems can be solved using carbon fibers coated with metallic layers, e.g. nickel. This work analyses an easy method to produce modified carbon fibers by electroplating and the process of its recristallization. The topography of the growth front of the deposit has been studied. At temperatures higher than about 300° C an annealing under vacuum is required, because of the high reactivity of metal coating, nevertheless the heat treatment of metal deposit produces always an embrittled material.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-4897
    Keywords: nanocomposites ; thin film ; spin-coater deposition
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract Optically transparent nanocomposites are of special interest since they have great potential in optical applications. The synthesis of poly(methacrylic methylester)/monodispersed Cu2(OH)2CO3 particles, a new nanocomposite material with a refractive index similar to glass, is here described. The system can be easily deposited on glass plates by spin-coating technology, yielding homogeneous, low-defect thin films of high transparency, that can be used as color filters for liquid crystal displays. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic light scattering (DLS), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) have been used to characterize the composite material.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-4897
    Keywords: nanocomposites ; poly(methyl methacrylate) ; silica
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract It is possible to optimize the performance of the inorganic-organic composites dispersing the inorganic component in the organic matrix on a nanomiter length scale. If dry the inorganic phase cannot be intimately dispersed during the incorporation in the matrix. When the particle surface is organically modified, and the incorporation is made starting from a liquid dispersion (particles in polymer solution), the resulting composites exhibit an excellent homogeneity. Here, monolithic [poly(methyl methacrylate)/monodisperse silica particles] nanocomposites have been prepared and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), micro-hardness, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-4897
    Keywords: nanocomposites ; roughness ; fractal dimension
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract An analytical model is presented for the determination of the fractal dimensions of particles which are widely used as reinforcement in nanocomposites. The model is used to characterize the surface irregularity or roughness. It was found that fractal dimensions of both the contour and surface of particles depend only on the relative particles size ratio between secondary particles and subunits. It is proposed that, in practical applications, the fractal dimension of a certain reinforcement particle can be obtained by a combination of this model and a state-of-the-art instrument that can determine the sizes of primary and secondary particles by image analysis. It is possible to relate the fractal dimension with the adhesion and other physical and chemical properties at the interface between particles and matrix.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1435-1528
    Keywords: Dynamic properties ; time-temperature superposition ; cure-viscosity ; epoxy resin
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Abstract The change of the viscosity profile during the isothermal cure of a commercially available epoxy system commonly used as a matrix for high performance composites, TGDDM-DDS from CIBA, has been obtained by means of both a constant shear rate viscometer and a dynamic one. The range of temperature investigated varied from 120 up to 180°C. The increase of the molecular weight during the cure reaction is reflected on a macroscopic level in a progressive linear increase of the logarithm of the shear viscosity up to a critical point, near gelation, where an upturn is observed. The values of the time and viscosity at the critical point have been used to normalize the experimental data in a single generalized curve of the cure-viscosity profile. The William, Landel and Ferry equation has been found to adequately describe the temperature dependence of the viscosity for systems in the range of temperatures where the cure reaction did not occur. The apparent activation energy of the cure reaction, 19.7 Kcal/mole, obtained from the critical times, is consistent with calorimetric determinations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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