Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Calmodulin, a calcium binding protein, has been implicated in the regulation of many calcium-dependent biological processes. Since calcium has an important role in hard tissue genesis, both at intra- and extracellular levels, we anticipate that calcium binding proteins may modulate this process. The present study investigated a mineralising tissue, the rat molar tooth germ, to determine the presence of calmodulin-like activity. A heat-treated cell-free extract of tooth germs provided enhancement of Ca2+-dependent Mg2+-ATPase and 3′:5′-nucleotide phosphodiesterase activity. No enhancement occurred in the absence of calcium or in the presence of trifluoperazine. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of this extract revealed a protein band of approximately 18,000 mol. wt. These findings indicate the presence of calmodulin-like activity in rat molar tooth germs and support the proposal that calcium and calcium binding proteins, in particular calmodulin, have a major regulatory role in the biology of mineralising tissues.
Type of Medium: