ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-08
    Description: Die Tochter und der Sohn, die neben der Arbeit ihre Eltern pflegen oder sich um ihre nicht mehr mobile Nachbarin kümmern: Informelle Pflegetätigkeiten sind eine zentrale Stütze des deutschen Pflegesystems - insbesondere angesichts der alternden Bevölkerung und des damit einhergehenden steigenden Pflegebedarfs. Zwischen fünf und sechs Prozent aller Erwachsenen leisten regelmäßig informelle Pflege, wie das DIW Berlin auf Grundlage von Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) für die Jahre 2001 bis 2012 berechnet hat. Rund 60 Prozent dieser Frauen und Männer sind im erwerbsfähigen Alter. Der Anteil der Erwerbstätigen an allen informell Pflegenden unter 65 Jahren ist von knapp 53 auf fast 66 Prozent gestiegen. Bei den Vollzeitbeschäftigten war der Anstieg stärker als bei den Teilzeitbeschäftigten, wenngleich Vollzeitbeschäftigte im Durchschnitt wesentlich seltener Pflege und Beruf kombinieren. Es stellt sich die Frage, wie Erwerbs- und Pflegetätigkeit besser miteinander vereinbart werden können. Denn der Bedarf an (informeller) Pflege wird infolge des demografischen Wandels weiter steigen. Der vorliegende Bericht zeigt, dass informell Pflegende allgemein und mit der sozialen Sicherung weniger zufrieden sind als Personen, die keine Pflege leisten. Allerdings geben die Daten an dieser Stelle keinen Hinweis darauf, dass eine gleichzeitige Erwerbstätigkeit diesen Effekt verstärkt.
    Description: The daughter and son who take care of their parents or look after their neighbor who is no longer mobile while working at the same time: informal care is a central pillar of the German care system - particularly with regard to the aging population and the resultant increase in the demand for care. Between five and six percent of all adults regularly provide informal care according to DIW Berlin's calculations for the years 2001 to 2012 on the basis of data from the Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP). Around 60 percent of these women and men are of working age. The proportion of people in employment among all informal carers below 65 years of age has risen from just under 53 to almost 66 percent. The increase was greater among full-time than part-time employees although those in full-time work combine caregiving and career significantly less frequently on average. The question arises how work and caregiving could be better reconciled because the need for (informal) care will continue to increase due to demographic change. The present report shows that informal carers are less satisfied in general and also with social security than those who do not provide informal care. However, the data give no indication that working at the same time amplifies this effect.
    Keywords: J22 ; H31 ; J11 ; ddc:330 ; long-term care ; labor supply ; life-satisfaction
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-08
    Description: Im Jahr 2013 bezogen rund 2,6 Millionen Menschen Leistungen der Pflegeversicherung. Die Zahl der Leistungsempfänger ist seit 1998 um 45 Prozent gestiegen. Gut 70 Prozent der Leistungsbeziehenden, etwa 1,7 Millionen Personen, wurden zu Hause und knapp 30 Prozent stationär gepflegt. Daneben gibt es eine nicht unerhebliche Zahl von Personen, die auf Pflege angewiesen sind, aber noch nicht in einem Maß, das zu Leistungen aus der Pflegeversicherung berechtigt, diese werden zu fast 100 Prozent zu Hause gepflegt. Ein Pflegefall stellt für die betroffenen Personen und Haushalte in der Regel eine große Belastung dar. Neben den gesundheitlichen Einschränkungen entstehen zusätzliche Kosten durch Ausgaben für Medizin und Pflege. Zugleich sinkt häufig das Einkommen der pflegenden Angehörigen durch Reduktion der Erwerbstätigkeit. Die vorliegende Studie zeigt, dass Pflegehaushalte über ein ähnlich hohes Haushaltseinkommen verfügen wie Haushalte, in denen keine pflegebedürftige Person lebt. Allerdings machen Transferleistungen bei Pflegebedürftigen einen relativ hohen Anteil am Gesamteinkommen aus. Darüber hinaus ist ihr Vermögen erheblich geringer als das von Personen ohne Pflegebedarf. Insbesondere alleinlebende Pflegebedürftige verfügen über geringe finanzielle Ressourcen, stellen zugleich aber über 40 Prozent aller Pflegehaushalte dar.
    Description: In 2013, some 2.6 million people received longterm care benefits. The number of benefit recipients has risen by 45 percent since 1998. A good 70 percent of benefit recipients, roughly 1.7 million people, are cared for at home and nearly 30 percent in a nursing facility. There are also a significant number of individuals who are dependent on care but not to such an extent that they are entitled to benefits from their care insurance. Instead, they are almost all cared for at home. Long-term care is usually a major burden on the individuals and households concerned. Alongside health-related restrictions, there are also additional costs due to medical expenses and care. At the same time, related caregivers often earn less, since they are forced to reduce working hours to take on care commitments. The present study shows thatcare households have similar incomes to households without care recipients. However, transfer payments for care recipients make up a relatively high share of total income. Moreover, care recipients' assets are far lower than those of individuals without care needs. Care recipients living alone have particularly limited financial resources, and they represent more than 40 percent of all care households.
    Keywords: I14 ; I38 ; ddc:330 ; long-term care ; wealth ; income distribution
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2017-08-28
    Description: Germany introduced a new mandatory insurance for long-term care in 1995 as part of its social security system. It replaced a system based on means tested social welfare. Benefits from the long-term care insurance are not means tested and depend on the required level of care. The insurance provides both benefits in kind and cash benefits. The new scheme improved the situation for households to organize informal care at home. This was one goal of the reform since policymakers view informal care as a cost-saving alternative to formal care. This view however neglects possible opportunity costs of reduced labor supply of carers. We exploit this reform as a quasi-experiment and examine its effect on the labor supply of caregivers who live in the same household as the care recipient. We find strong negative labor market effects for men but not for women. We conduct a series of robustness tests and find results to be stable.
    Keywords: J22 ; H31 ; I13 ; ddc:330 ; labor supply ; long-term care ; long-term care insurance ; natural experiment ; quasi-experiment
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2017-08-28
    Description: Informal care by close family members is the main pillar of most longterm care systems. However, due to demographic ageing the need for long-term care is expected to increase while the informal care potential is expected to decline. From a budgetary perspective, informal care is often viewed as a cost-saving alternative to subsidized formal care. This view, however neglects that many family carers are of working age and face the difficulty to reconcile care and paid work which might entail sizable indirect fiscal effects related to forgone tax revenues, lower social security contributions and higher transfer payments. In this paper we use a structural model of labor supply and the choice of care arrangement to quantify these indirect fiscal effects of informal care. Moreover based on the model we discuss the fiscal effects related to non-take up of formal care.
    Keywords: J22 ; H31 ; I13 ; ddc:330 ; labor supply ; long-term care ; long-term care insurance ; structural model
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2017-08-28
    Description: In Germany, individuals in need of long-term care receive support through benefits of the long-term care insurance. A central goal of the insurance is to support informal care provided by family members. Care recipients can choose between benefits in kind (formal home care services) and benefits in cash. From a budgetary perspective family care is a cost-saving alternative to formal home care and to stationary nursing care. However, the opportunity costs resulting from reduced labor supply of the carer are often overlooked. We focus on the labor supply decision of family carers and the incentives set by the long-term care insurance. We estimate a structural model of labor supply and the choice of benefits of family carers. We find that benefits in kind have small positive effects on labor supply. Labor supply elasticities of cash benefits are larger and negative. If both types of benefits increase, negative labor supply effects are offset to a large extent.
    Keywords: J22 ; H31 ; I13 ; ddc:330 ; labor supply ; long-term care ; long-term care insurance ; structural model
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2017-08-28
    Description: Germany introduced a new mandatory insurance for long-term care in 1995 as part of its social security system. It replaced a system based on meanstested social welfare. Benefits from the long-term care insurance are not means tested and depend on the required level of care. The insurance provides both benefits in kind and cash benefits. The new scheme improved the situation for households to organize informal care at home. This was one goal of the reform since policymakers view informal care as a cost-saving alternative to formal care. This view however neglects possible opportunity costs of reduced labor supply of carers. We exploit this reform as a quasi-experiment and examine its effect on the labor supply of caregivers who live in the same household as the care recipient. We find strong negative labor market effects for men but not for women. We conduct a series of robustness tests and find results to be stable.
    Keywords: J22 ; H31 ; I13 ; ddc:330 ; labor supply ; long-term care ; long-term care insurance ; natural experiment ; quasi-experiment
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2017-08-28
    Description: In Germany, individuals in need of long-term care receive support through benefits of the long-term care insurance. A central goal of the insurance is to support informal care provided by family members. Care recipients can choose between benefits in kind (formal home care services) and benefits in cash. From a budgetary perspective family care is a cost-saving alternative to formal home care and to stationary nursing care. However, the opportunity costs resulting from reduced labor supply of the carer are often overlooked. We focus on the labor supply decision of family carers and the incentives set by the long-term care insurance. We estimate a structural model of labor supply and the choice of benefits of family carers. We find that benefits in kind have small positive effects on labor supply. Labor supply elasticities of cash benefits are larger and negative. If both types of benefits increase, negative labor supply effects are offset to a large extent.
    Keywords: J22 ; H31 ; I13 ; ddc:330 ; labor supply ; long-term care ; long-term care insurance ; structural model
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-08
    Description: In 2013, some 2.6 million people received long-term care benefits. The number of benefit recipients has risen by 45 percent since 1998. A good 70 percent of benefit recipients, roughly 1.7 million people, are cared for at home and nearly 30 percent in a nursing facility. There are also a significant number of individuals who are dependent on care but not to such an extent that they are entitled to benefits from their care insurance. Instead, they are almost all cared for at home. Long-term care is usually a major burden on the individuals and households concerned. Alongside health-related restrictions, there are also additional costs due to medical expenses and care. At the same time, related caregivers often earn less, since they are forced to reduce working hours to take on care commitments. The present study shows thatcare households have similar incomes to households without care recipients. However, transfer payments for care recipients make up a relatively high share of total income. Moreover, care recipients' assets are far lower than those of individuals without care needs. Care recipients living alone have particularly limited financial resources, and they represent more than 40 percent of all care households.
    Keywords: I14 ; I38 ; ddc:330 ; long-term care ; wealth ; income distribution
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Essen: Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI)
    Publication Date: 2019-03-13
    Description: In Germany, individuals in need of long-term care receive support through benefits of the long-term care insurance. A central goal of the insurance is to support informal care provided by family members. Care recipients can choose between benefits in kind (formal home care services) and benefits in cash. From a budgetary perspective family care is a cost-saving alternative to formal home care and to stationary nursing care. However, the opportunity costs resulting from reduced labor supply of the carer are often overlooked. We focus on the labor supply decision of family carers and the incentives set by the long-term care insurance. We estimate a structural model of labor supply and the choice of benefits of family carers. We find that benefits in kind have small positive effects on labor supply. Labor supply elasticities of cash benefits are larger and negative. If both types of benefits increase, negative labor supply effects are offset to a large extent.
    Description: Eines der zentralen Ziele der deutschen Pflegeversicherung ist die Unterstützung informeller Pflege durch Familienangehörige. Die Pflegeversicherung bietet anspruchsberechtigten Personen die Möglichkeit, zwischen verschiedenen Leistungen zur Unterstützung der häuslichen Pflege zu wählen. Pflegegeld kann entweder als Geldleistung direkt ausgezahlt werden oder als Sachleistung (in Form von formeller Pflege durch Pflegedienstleister) in Anspruch genommen werden. Werden ausschließlich die direkten Ausgaben der Pflegeversicherung berücksichtigt, erscheinen Geldleistungen und damit informelle Pflege durch Familienangehörige als kostengünstiger im Vergleich zu den teureren Alternativen der formellen häuslichen Pflege oder der stationären Pflege in Pflegeheimen. Unberücksichtigt bleiben dabei jedoch die Opportunitätskosten der informellen Pflege, die vor allem durch ein reduziertes Arbeitsangebot der Pflegenden entstehen können. Wir untersuchen deshalb die Veränderungen der Arbeitsangebotsentscheidung und des Pflegeverhaltens informell pflegender Haushaltsmitglieder durch veränderte Anreize der Pflegeversicherung. Dafür schätzen wir ein strukturelles Modell des Arbeitsangebots und der Nachfrage nach Leistungen aus der Pflegeversicherung. Unsere Ergebnisse zeigen kleine positive Arbeitsangebotseffekte durch eine Ausweitung der Sachleistungen und große negative Effekte durch eine Erhöhung der Geldleistungen. Kommt es zu einer simultanen Ausweitung beider Leistungen, gleichen sich die die gegenläufigen Effekte zu großen Teilen gegenseitig aus und der Arbeitsangebotseffekt bleibt moderat.
    Keywords: J22 ; H31 ; I13 ; ddc:330 ; labor supply ; long-term care ; long-term care insurance ; structural model
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Essen: Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI)
    Publication Date: 2019-03-13
    Description: Germany introduced a new mandatory insurance for long-term care in 1995 as part of its social security system. It replaced a system based on means tested social welfare. Benefits from the long-term care insurance are not means tested and depend on the required level of care. The insurance provides both benefits in kind and cash benefits. The new scheme improved the situation for households to organize informal care at home. This was one goal of the reform since policymakers view informal care as a cost-saving alternative to formal care. This view however neglects possible opportunity costs of reduced labor supply of carers. We exploit this reform as a quasi-experiment and examine its effect on the labor supply of caregivers who live in the same household as the care recipient. We find strong negative labor market effects for men but not for women. We conduct a series of robustness tests and find results to be stable.
    Description: Im Jahr 1995 wurde in Deutschland eine neue Pflegeversicherung eingeführt. Als Pflichtversicherung ist sie eine eigenständige Säule der Sozialversicherung und ersetzte ein System der einkommensabhängigen Sozialhilfe. Leistungen der neuen Pflegeversicherung werden durch den Grad der Pflegebedürftigkeit bestimmt und sind einkommensunabhängig. Da anspruchsberechtigte Pflegebedürftige zwischen Geld- und Sachleistungen wählen können, wurde die Situation von Haushalten, die häusliche, informelle Pflege organisieren müssen verbessert. Die informelle Pflege zu stärken war eines der wichtigsten Ziele der Pflegereform, da sie häufig als die kostengünstige Alternative im Vergleich zu formellen Pflege wahrgenommen wird. Diese Sichtweise ignoriert jedoch Opportunitätskosten, die entstehen, wenn Pflegende ihr Arbeitsangebot reduzieren, um die Doppelbelastung aus Pflege und Lohnarbeit abzuschwächen. Wir nutzen die Reform als Quasi-Experiment und untersuchen ihren Einfluss auf das Arbeitsangebot von Pflegenden, die mit einer pflegebedürftigen Person in einem Haushalt wohnen. Wir finden starke negative Arbeitsangebotseffekte für Männer, jedoch keine Effekte für Frauen.
    Keywords: J22 ; H31 ; I13 ; ddc:330 ; labor supply ; long-term care ; long-term care insurance ; natural experiment ; quasi-experiment
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...