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  • ddc:330  (29)
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  • 1
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    Cardiff: Cardiff University, Cardiff Business School
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: This paper evaluates the performance of the Arab GCC banking industry in the context of the Structure-Conduct-Performance hypothesis in the period 1993-2002. The paper uses panel estimation differentiating between bank fixed effects and country fixed effects. It examines the Relative-Market-Power and the Efficient-Structure hypotheses differentiating between the two by employing a non-parametric measure of technical efficiency, and finds that the banking industry in the Arab GCC countries is best explained by the mainstream SCP hypothesis. The empirical results do not find any support for the Hicks (1935) Quiet Life version of the market power hypothesis.
    Keywords: G2 ; L1 ; ddc:330 ; GCC Banking ; Structure Conduct Performance ; Marktmacht ; Struktur-Performance-Modell ; Technische Effizienz ; Islamische Bank ; Arabische Golf-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Cardiff: Cardiff University, Cardiff Business School
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: We show that the behaviour of the real exchange rates of the UK, Germany, France and Japan has been characterised by structural breaks which changed the adjustment mechanism. In the context of a Time-Varying Smooth Transition AutoRegressive of the kind introduced by Lundbergh et al (2003), we show that the real exchange rate process shifted in the aftermath of Black Wednesday in the case of the Pound, in 1984-5 in the case of the Franc and, more tentatively, during the Asian crisis of 1997-8 in the case of the Yen.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 3
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    Cardiff: Cardiff University, Cardiff Business School
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: This paper investigates the market structure of Arab GCC banking industry during the years of 1993 to 2002 using the most frequently applied measures of concentration kbank concentration ratio (CRk) and Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) and evaluates the monopoly power of banks over the ten years period using the “H statistic” by Panzar and Rosse. The results show that Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and UAE have moderately concentrated markets and are moving to less concentrated positions. The measures of concentration also show that Qatar, Bahrain and Oman are highly concentrated markets. The Panzar-Rosse H-statistics suggest that banks in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the UAE operate under perfect competition; banks in Bahrain and Qatar operate under conditions of monopolistic competition; and we are unable to reject monopolistic competition for the banking market in Oman.
    Keywords: G21 ; L1 ; D40 ; ddc:330 ; GCC countries ; Concentration ; Market structure ; Competition ; Panzar-Rosse model ; k-bank concentration ratio (CRk) ; Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) ; Bankensystem ; Marktstruktur ; Wettbewerb ; Unternehmenskonzentration ; Arabische Golf-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-12-05
    Description: Experience has shown that there is a relationship between demand and price, contrary to the short-term mode, which is expected to be inverted between price and value, and the effects of lowering and rising prices follow reverse. But symmetric results; in the long run, there may be unlawful reactions It would seem that the effect of the price increase and its effect on the amount with its photo mode is not the effect of the price decline. To illustrate the effects of price symmetry, the price can be broken down into three parts, the maximum price, the lowering price, and the increasing price, according to the Getely method. The main objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of the LNG product in the OECD countries. The study uses seasonal data from 2011-2015 for selected countries (Japan, South Korea, United States, United Kingdom, and Spain). Dynamic panel method is also used to estimate the model of this research. According to research findings, long-term and short-term elasticities of effective factors on LNG demand in selected countries have been calculated. The results show that LNG demand in the selected importing countries is relatively reversible in the short and long-term.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Dynamic panel ; Asymmetric effects ; LNG ; Reversibility
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-12-06
    Description: Managers' emotional intelligence (EI), organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and leadership styles play an imperative role in the organizational success. The current research investigates the mediating role of EI on the relationship between OCB and transformational leadership (TL). Data has been collected from employees of banking service sector of Pakistan. SPSS and Amos have been used to test the hypotheses of study in the conceptual model. Total sample size for this study is N=300. The value for Cronbach alpha is 0.907. The results provide an evidence for the mediating effect of EI on the relationship between TL and OCB. The paper concludes with the discussion on results and implications for the academicians and manager.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; emotional intelligence ; transformational leadership ; organizational citizenship behavior
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 6
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    Bologna: Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche (DSE)
    Publication Date: 2018-02-02
    Description: The main purpose of this paper is to develop generalized 'State Dependent Models' (SDM) in a multivariate framework for empirical analysis. This significantly extends the existing SDM which only allow univariate analysis following a simple AR process. The extended model enables greater possibility for empirical analysis of economic relationships. The principle advantage of SDM is that it allows for a general form of non-linearity and can be fitted without any specific prior assumption about the form of non-linearity. We describe the general structure of the SDM and the problem of its identification is also considered. Finally, we apply the algorithm to show the impact of sentiment and income when modelling US consumption.
    Keywords: C32 ; C51 ; E32 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2016-11-15
    Description: Effective risk management is an important aspect of farming. Risk management involves choosing among alternatives that reduce the financial effects of the uncertainties of weather, yields, prices, government policies, and other factors that can cause wide swings in farm income. To deal with price uncertainty, this paper focuses on futures markets and calculates hedge ratio for dates. A bivariate BEKK GARCH model is used to determine time-varying hedge ratios. The results show that the average BEKK BGARCH hedge ratio for dates is .7. Also in this paper, the hedge ratio, which takes into consideration the producers' risk-averse parameter, is estimated [Extended mean Gini hedge ratio (EMGHR)]. Results of EMGHR recommended that risk-averse producers, who have risky parameter equal to 50, could reduce their price risk to 60% by attending futures markets.
    Keywords: C1 ; C15 ; C32 ; D4 ; D18 ; G14 ; ddc:330 ; hedge ratio ; BGARCH ; EMG hedge ratio ; bootstrap ; dates
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 8
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2015-05-22
    Description: We examine the relationship between the prices paid by households and their shopping patterns measured in terms of shopping frequency and the range of stores visited. We use the TNS data which allows us to control for household heterogeneity. The main contribution of the paper is that we find proper instruments to correct for endogeneity of shopping patterns. And we find that there exists a robust positive relationship between the price paid and the number of store visited. We argue that visiting larger number of stores makes households less likely to save using store-loyalty discounts.
    Keywords: D03 ; D12 ; D83 ; M31 ; ddc:330 ; shopping frequency ; price ; store loyalty ; demographics
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 9
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    Louvain-la-Neuve: European Regional Science Association (ERSA)
    Publication Date: 2015-09-05
    Description: In recent years, the concept of Regional Innovation Systems has evolved into a widely used analytical framework generating the empirical foundation for innovation policy making. Yet, the approaches utilizing this framework remain ambiguous on such key issues as the territorial dimension of innovation, e.g., the region, and the apparently important role played by “institutions” or the institutional context in the emergence and sustenance of regional innovation systems. This paper reviews and summarizes the most important ideas and arguments of the recent theorizing on regional innovation systems to provide the basis for a critical examination of such issues as (1) definition confusion and empirical validation; (2) the territorial dimension of regional innovation systems; and (3) the role of institutions. Key-words: Regional innovation systems, institutions, regions, research, policy JEL CODES: O31, R58
    Keywords: O31 ; R58 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 10
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    Cardiff: Cardiff University, Cardiff Business School
    Publication Date: 2018-02-08
    Description: The purpose of the present paper is to investigate perceived inflation gap persistence using actual data of professional forecasts. We derive the unobserved perceived inflation gap persistence and using a state dependent model we estimate the non-linear persistence coefficient of inflation gap. Our main result is that for GDP deflator inflation, the estimates of persistence largely confirm the results obtained indirectly using a linear model. However, when we look at CPI inflation, we find that there is strong evidence for state-dependence and time variation.
    Keywords: E31 ; E52 ; E58 ; ddc:330 ; Perceived Inflation Gaps ; Professional´s Survey-based Forecasts ; State-Dependent Models
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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