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  • ddc:330  (4)
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-02-20
    Description: Die steigende Inanspruchnahme der Natur durch die Menschen und die immensen Gegensätze zwischen Arm und Reich sind zentrale Herausforderungen unserer Zeit. In diesem Beitrag wird globale Dematerialisierung, also die Minderung des weltweiten Ressourcenverbrauchs, als das zentrale Ziel gesehen und aufgezeigt, wie Handel zu diesem Ziel beitragen kann. Handelsinduzierte Umverteilungen von Ressourceninanspruchnahmen - Nutzen, Belastungen sowie Kompensationen - werden unter dem Blickpunkt internationaler Ressourcengerechtigkeit thematisiert. Es werden drei Kriterien abgeleitet, die ein alternatives Handelssystem regeln könnten und mit denen bereits heute bewertet werden kann, inwiefern der internationale Handel zur globalen Dematerialisierung und ressourcengerechteren Verteilung zwischen Armen und Reichen beiträgt.
    Description: The increasing claim of nature by mankind and the enormous gap between rich and poor are central challenges of our time. This paper discusses global dematerialisation, in other words the reduction of global resource consumption, as a central target and shows how trade can contribute to this goal. Trade induced redistributions of recource claims - use, strain and balancing - are made the subject of discussion regarding international resource justice. Three criteria are deduced that could regulate an alternative trading system, and which could evaluate already today how international trade contributes to global dematerialisation and to a fairer distribution of resources between rich and poor.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Wuppertal : Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie | Wuppertal : Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Publication Date: 2014-08-15
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Language: German
    Type: workingpaper , doc-type:workingpaper
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Description: The exploitation of coltan in Central Africa can be considered a case of conflict minerals due to its nature. Many international organizations and bodies, national governments and private sector organizations seek to address this conflict, in particular via transparency, certification and accountability along the material supply chain. This paper analyses the international trade dimension of coltan and gives evidence on the dimension of illicit trade of coltan. The authors start from the hypothesis that illicit trade of coltan sooner or later will enter the market and will be reflected in the statistics. The paper is structured in the following manner: first, a short section gives a profile of coltan production and markets; second, an overview of the mining situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and related actors. The third section addresses mechanisms, actors and measurement issues involved in the international trade of coltan. The final part draws lessons for certification and conflict analysis and offers some guidance for future research. The paper identifies two main possible gateways to trace illegal trade in coltan: the neighboring countries, especially Rwanda, and the importing countries for downstream production, in particular China. Our estimation is that the value of such illicit trade comes close to $ 27 million annually (2009), roughly one-fifth of the world market volume for tantalum production. With regard to any certification the paper concludes that this will become challenging for business and policy: (a) Central Africa currently is the largest supplier of coltan on the world market, many actors profit from the current situation and possess abilities to hide responsibility; (b) China will need to accept more responsibility, a first step would be the acceptance of the OECD guidelines on due diligence; (c) better regional governance in Central Africa comprises of resource taxation, a resource fund and fiscal coordination. An international task force may provide more robust data, however more research will also be needed.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Language: English
    Type: article , doc-type:article
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 4
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    Wuppertal : Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie | Wuppertal : Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Description: Die steigende Inanspruchnahme der Natur durch die Menschen und die immensen Gegensätze zwischen Arm und Reich sind zentrale Herausforderungen unserer Zeit. In diesem Beitrag wird globale Dematerialisierung, also die Minderung des weltweiten Ressourcenverbrauchs, als das zentrale Ziel gesehen und aufgezeigt, wie Handel zu diesem Ziel beitragen kann. Handelsinduzierte Umverteilungen von Ressourceninanspruchnahmen - Nutzen, Belastungen sowie Kompensationen - werden unter dem Blickpunkt internationaler Ressourcengerechtigkeit thematisiert. Es werden drei Kriterien abgeleitet, die ein alternatives Handelssystem regeln könnten und mit denen bereits heute bewertet werden kann, inwiefern der internationale Handel zur globalen Dematerialisierung und ressourcengerechteren Verteilung zwischen Armen und Reichen beiträgt.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Language: German
    Type: workingpaper , doc-type:workingpaper
    Format: application/pdf
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
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