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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-12-06
    Description: Eine beträchtliche Zahl gerade unter den älteren Arbeitslosen weist vielfältige Vermittlungshemmnisse auf. Ihre Integration in Beschäftigung stellt eine Herausforderung für die Arbeitsmarktpolitik dar. Der vorliegende Forschungsbericht stellt Ergebnisse eines Programms für ältere besonders arbeitsmarktferne ALG-II-Beziehende vor, das innerhalb des Bundesprogramms Perspektive 50plus angesiedelt ist. In diesem Teilprogramm unter der Bezeichnung Impuls 50plus werden Teilnehmende bis zu 36 Monate intensiver gefördert als dies in der Regelförderung möglich ist. Am Ziel einer Integration in ungeförderte Beschäftigung wurde mit Impuls 50plus festgehalten, die Ziele der sozialen Teilhabe und der Steigerung bzw. Wiederherstellung der Beschäftigungsfähigkeit gegenüber der Regelförderung jedoch aufgewertet. Charakteristisch waren zudem große Spielräume für die lokalen Arbeitsmarktdienstleister bei der Umsetzung von Impuls 50plus. Untersucht wurde der Zusammenhang von regionalen Strukturen und Strategien der Umsetzung von Impuls 50plus und den Erfolgen bei der Aktivierung und der Integration der Teilnehmenden: Welche Elemente der regionalen Umsetzung sind bei der Aktivierung und Integration der Zielgruppe besonders erfolgsträchtig? Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Stabilisierung bzw. Erhöhung der Beschäftigungsfähigkeit und die Integration in Beschäftigung keine gegensätzlichen Ziele sind. Gerade in Grundsicherungsstellen mit jenen Umsetzungsvarianten, die die Förderung der Beschäftigungsfähigkeit, der sozialen Stabilisierung und gesellschaftlichen Teilhabe betonen, ist die Integrationswahrscheinlichkeit höher als in Grundsicherungsstellen mit Umsetzungsvarianten, die auf gesellschaftliche Teilhabe weniger Wert legen und deutlicher Erwerbsintegration anstreben. Die Ergebnisse zeigen darüber hinaus, dass Arbeitsmarktdienstleister eine Tendenz zum Creaming aufweisen, die durch klare Vorgaben zur Definition des förderfähigen Personenkreises und zur Vergütung der Arbeitsmarktdienstleister begrenzt, aber nicht vollständig eliminiert werden kann.
    Description: A considerable number of people, particularly the older unemployed, exhibit a variety of barriers to placement. Integrating them into employment constitutes a challenge for labor market policy. The current research report presents the results of a program aimed at older persons receiving means-tested unemployment benefit (ALG II) who have multiple placement obstacles; it is located within the Federal Program "Perspektive 50plus" (Perspectives 50-plus). In the sub-program, entitled "Impuls 50plus" (Impulse 50-plus), the participants are supported in a more intensive way for up to 36 months than is possible via standard support. While with Impulse 50-plus the aim of integration into unsubsidized employment has been retained, more emphasis has been placed - in contrast to regular support - on the goals of social inclusion as well as enhancement and/or reconstitution of employability. What is also characteristic is the greater discretion enjoyed by local labor market service providers in implementing Impulse 50-plus. The research program has examined the connection between regional structures and strategies in implementing Impulse 50-plus, along with the successes achieved in activating and integrating those taking part: What elements of regional implementation are particularly likely to succeed in activating and integrating the target group? The results show that the stabilization and/or the enhancement of employability and integration into employment are not opposing goals. Particularly in job centers with implementation variants emphasizing the support of employability, social stabilization and inclusion in society, the likelihood of integration is higher than in job centers with implementation variants that lay less priority on social inclusion and strive more clearly towards integration into employment. In addition, the results show that labor market service providers have a tendency towards 'creaming' which can be partially limited by clear specifications regarding the definition of the circle of persons eligible for support and the way the labor market service providers are remunerated, but cannot be eliminated completely.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 2
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    Konstanz: Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Universität Konstanz
    Publication Date: 2013-05-22
    Description: According to empirical studies, the relation between the relative wage of skilled workers and their relative supply is U-shaped. This finding is explained by the effect of technological change on the incentives for humancapital investments made by heterogeneous individuals.
    Keywords: I21 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Wage inequality ; human-capital investment
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Hamburg: Verlag Weltarchiv | ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 4
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    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-15
    Description: The paper analyzes the effect of human-capital investments of heterogeneous individuals on the dynamics of the wage structure within a neoclassical growth model. The accumulation of physical capital changes relative factor prices and thus incentives to acquire skills, thereby altering the composition of the labor force. Without relying on exogenous shocks, our framework generates dynamics that resembles several important observations on wage inequality (e.g., the non-monotone evolution of the skill premium). Additional incorporation of wage rigidities emphasizes the trade off between residual wage inequality and employment opportunities for unskilled labor that is consistent with country-specific evidence.
    Keywords: I21 ; J31 ; O15 ; ddc:330 ; wage inequality ; human capital investment ; transitional adjustment dynamics ; skill-specific unemployment ; Lohnstruktur ; Qualifikation ; Bildungsinvestition ; Wachstumstheorie ; Investition ; Steady-State-Wachstum ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 5
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    Hamburg: Verlag Weltarchiv | ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-10
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2017-06-27
    Description: Technology utilization by government, industry, and students in Oklahoma area
    Keywords: GENERAL
    Type: QSR-9 , NASA-CR-87305
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2017-06-26
    Description: Technology utilization program for use in regional economic profile
    Keywords: GENERAL
    Type: NASA-CR-83825 , QSR-8
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2017-06-27
    Description: Technology utilization by small industrial plants
    Keywords: GENERAL
    Type: NASA-CR-95099
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2017-06-27
    Description: Aerospace technology applications to industry
    Keywords: GENERAL
    Type: QSR-10 , NASA-CR-89593
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 10
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    Gerzensee: Swiss National Bank, Study Center Gerzensee
    Publication Date: 2019-01-11
    Description: We present a model of growth and distributional conflict that implies a non-monotonic relationship between average wealth and the likelihood of radical redistribution: while the net benefits of redistribution for members of the poor class are small at low stages of development, a shift towards egalitarianism considerably improves agents' income prospects once an intermediate level of per-capita wealth is reached. As the economy grows further, the incentive to challenge the existing social order decreases again and eventually vanishes. This nonmonotonicity captures the observation that historical shifts to radically redistributive policies frequently took place after extended periods of economic growth.
    Keywords: P16 ; O11 ; D31 ; D74 ; ddc:330 ; Political economy ; inequality ; borrowing constraints ; redistribution ; revolution ; Kuznets curve ; Verteilungskonflikt ; Verteilungstheorie ; Kuznets-Kurve ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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