ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • ddc:330  (84)
  • Aircraft Propulsion and Power  (8)
Collection
Language
Years
  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Makati City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: Assessment of trade reforms in the 1990s suggests achievement of considerable progress in tariff simplification and improvement in international competitiveness. The same observation, however, cannot be claimed on reforms resulting to a uniform pattern of protection across sectors. Results from this study indicate the need for a more focused restructuring in agriculture and food processing sub-groups if the 5% uniform tariff rate is to be achieved by 2004. Addressing the problems of low productivity and poor market structure, rather than price intervention are a more viable solution in arresting the problems plaguing agriculture sector.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; tariff ; uniform tariff rate ; effective protection rate ; implicit tariff rate
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Milano: Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza (DISCE)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-19
    Description: An influential literature shows that product quality varies widely across countries and industries. In this paper, we propose and test an explanation that rests on the interplay between cross-country differences in financial frictions and cross-industry differences in financial vulnerability. We organize the empirical analysis around a simple trade model with heterogeneous firms, endogenous output quality, country heterogeneity in financial frictions, and industry heterogeneity in financial vulnerability. We estimate the model using a unique data set, which contains estimates of export quality, measures of financial development, and indicators of financial vulnerability for all manufacturing industries and countries in the world over the last three decades. We find the interplay between financial frictions and financial vulnerability to be a first-order determinant of the observed variation in product quality across countries and industries. We also show that quality adjustments are a key mechanism through which financial development affects aggregate trade flows and shapes the industrial composition of countries exports.
    Keywords: F14 ; F36 ; G20 ; ddc:330 ; Financial Imperfections ; Product Quality ; Trade Flows
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Manila: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-21
    Description: The paper developed a methodology for classifying workers into formal and informal employment using the 2005 Bangladesh Labor Force Survey (LFS). Although the 2005 LFS was not designed to collect data for this purpose, it included questions that can be used to determine whether workers are engaged in formal or informal employment. However, the process of identifying the combination of questions that could distinguish between formal and informal workers was hampered by data inconsistencies that were probably brought about by limitations in data processing and validation. Because 3 years have already passed since data processing was done, the most workable approach was to determine which workers are under formal employment, and to assume that the remaining workers are engaged informally. Results show that 87.71% of the workers in Bangladesh are under informal employment. The highest concentration of informal workers is found in the rural areas (92%). Workers engaged in informal employment are mostly in agriculture; hunting and forestry; wholesale and retail trade; manufacturing; and transport, storage, and communications sectors. On the other hand, formal workers are primarily employed by the government. Women (91.3%) are most likely to be engaged in informal employment than men (86.6%); and women are generally unpaid family workers and in the private household sector. Workers under formal employment are paid better than those under informal arrangements. For each sector, wage differentials between formal and informal workers are significant. Informal workers are found to have significantly less benefits than those with formal employment, except for free meals and free lodging. In particular, self-employed and unpaid workers comprise a little over 20 million of informal workers, although less than 2 million of them enjoy benefits.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bangladesh ; informal employment ; informal sector ; gender analysis ; wage differentials ; Erwerbstätigkeit ; Informelle Wirtschaft ; Bangladesch
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Manila: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-21
    Description: The paper attempted to use the February 2007 round of Indonesia's National Labor Force Survey (Sakernas) for a comparative analysis of wages and benefits of formal and informal workers. While Sakernas was not designed for this purpose, the study explored questions in the existing survey that can be used to distinguish formal and informal workers. Because of data limitation, workers were classified as employed informally or "mixed" - a category composed of workers who cannot be identified, with precision, to be engaged in either formal or informal employment. Given this constraint, informal employment was estimated at the minimum to be at 29.1% of total employment in Indonesia. Informal employment is also highly concentrated in rural areas and is prevalent in agriculture and construction sectors. More women are likely to be informally employed than men, and women generally receive lower pay and are mostly unpaid family workers. To the extent possible the study was able to examine informal employment in Indonesia and to identify the gaps in the Sakernas questionnaire that can be addressed in future rounds of the survey for a successful comparative analysis between formal and informal workers.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Indonesia ; informal employment ; informal sector ; gender analysis ; wage differentials ; Erwerbstätigkeit ; Informelle Wirtschaft ; Indonesien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-06-21
    Description: One of the EU objectives is economic and social cohesion, which is a necessary step for the success of European integration. A key factor for cohesion is the implementation of the right regional policy in order to reduce regional disparities. This objective can be reached in two different ways. The first one is through leveling transferences from rich to poor regions. The second one would tend to locate peripheral regions in conditions of developing production activities so as to reach an economic development similar to that of the richest ones. This second way, which consist of "equalizing opportunities", is the one we prefer. In this paper, we analyze at which extent European regional policy has allowed to reach the conditions needed in order to estimulate endogenous development in the less developed regions. In this connection, we reckon that the main factors in order to reach this development are geared in estimulating both industrial investment and research and education. We analyze whether or not this elements have been adecuately addressed within European policy.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Makati City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: Vast literature have documented that the Philippine economic crisis from1983-1985 has been due to extravagant fiscal policy and to the proliferation of government-owned and/or controlled corporations. This paper presents an overview of the macroeconomic role and the management framework within which public enterprises (PEs) operate in the Philippines. This also reviews PEs financial profitability and its contribution in the macroeconomy.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; public debt ; public enterprise ; Government-Owned and Controlled Corporations (GOCCs)
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Makati City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: Associated with the country's drive to become more modern and competitive global economy is the emergence of metropolises, which is defined in theory as large urban settlement having at least one million population. Given such definitions, the only metropolises that would qualify are Metro Manila, Metro Cebu and Metro Davao. There are, however, other metropolises that do not qualify to the theoretical standards but behave functionally as such and are henceforth classified as metropolitan arrangement. Its emergence, whether fleeting or a prelude to the future trend, is the main concern of this paper. The paper also examines whether there are significant benefits to this form of geopolitical cooperation and how this can be strengthened and enhanced as an alternative mechanism for efficient delivery of urban service.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; urban management ; urbanization ; metropolitan structure ; metropolitan planning and development
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Makati City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: This paper explains the evolution of the metropolitan organizations that have been established to oversee the development of Metro Manila, provides a survey of their responsibilities, authorities, organizational structure, financing, institutional relationships as well as briefly assess their strengths and weaknesses. It then discusses the major management challenges in Metro Manila at present and how they are being addressed under the current set-up. Under the present decentralized framework, governance of Metro Manila becomes more challenging as cities and municipalities that compose it have political legitimacy and significant powers and authorities relative to the Metropolitan organization. However, the paper has emphasized that with proper allocation of powers, authorities and financing, the metropolitan body can take on a more important role in terms of actual delivery of metro-wide services. While the present metropolitan body appears to have taken on more responsibilities in the delivery of services transcending local boundaries, still a large part of these metro-wide services still remain with the national government agencies. This is primarily explained by the fact that while the national government has continuously provided subsidies to the metropolitan body, it still allocates a sizeable portion of the budget for metro-wide services to the national government agencies. These agencies, being line departments, are inherently concerned with their own sectoral priorites rather than serving the needs of the metropolis per se. Consequently, the metropolitan body is left with very difficult task of having to orchestrate the sectoral programs of various national government agencies, including metro-wide services. This situation not only makes government effort almost intractable but also increases costs in terms of both manpower and financial costs. The advantage of metropolitan governance under a decentralized framework is that it allows the local government units within the metropolis to respond directly to the priority needs of their respective constituents by seeking creative means to deliver urban services. This is attested to by the innovative programs and projects some cities in Metro Manila have implemented which have been included in this paper under the discussion of models of good city governance.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; urban management ; governance ; urbanization
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Makati City: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: Governance is a complex concept. It includes the state's institutions and structures, its decision-making process, its capacity to implement guidelines and the relationship between government officials and the public. Hence, this study attempts to develop a composite index of the quality of governance at the local government level. It also defines limited indicators, which can be measured consistently and can capture the substance of each dimension and their compatibility over time and space. The governance quality index constructed here is focused on three principal elements: capacity of the LGU to mobilize and utilize resources, efficiency and effectiveness of the LGU in the delivery of social services and presence of mechanism to ensure accountability.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; governance ; local revenue ; micro level accountability
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: The Philippines, having been integrated into the global economy, has not been spared from the financial crisis that hit Asia in July 1997. Pre-financial crisis has indicated marked improvement in the general health condition of the population, higher incomes and employment, stable prices and favorable balance of payments and fiscal position. This study comprehensively examines the effects of the crisis in the Philippine economy in terms of its fiscal/social impacts. To deal with the adverse effects of the crisis, several coping mechanisms are cited, such as the continuation of Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Service, the institution of Technical Education and Skill Development Authority, and cost cutting measures such as job rotation/forced vacation and freezing salary increases from the government's initiative and self-employment mechanisms such as direct selling and setting up of sari-sari store from the individual's initiative.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; vulnerable groups ; Asian crisis ; poverty
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...