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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-3904
    Keywords: Adamantane derivatives ; Tachykinins ; NK2 antagonists ; NK2 agonists ; Pentafluorophenyl ester
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary The adamantane moiety was introduced in the tachykinin NK2 receptor-selective agonist [β-Ala8]-NKA(4–10) (H-Asp-Ser-Phe-Val-β-Ala-Leu-Met-NH2, MEN 10210) and in different positions of the NK2 receptor antagonist MEN 10376 (H-Asp-Tyr-d-Trp-Val-d-Trp-d-Trp-Lys-NH2) in order to investigate how this substitution affects their biological activity at tachykinin NK1, NK2 and NK3 receptors. 1-Adamantaneacetic acid (1-Ada-CH2COOH) was directly conjugated in the solid phase as the preformed OBt active ester to the N-terminal position of MEN 10210, obtaining MEN 10586 (1-Ada-CH2CO-Asp-Ser-Phe-Val-β-Ala-Leu-Met-NH2). The Pfp ester of adamantaneacetic acid (1) was prepared and used for the acylation of the N-terminal position of MEN 10376, yielding MEN 10606 (1-Ada-CH2CO-Asp-Tyr-d-Trp-Val-d-Trp-d-Trp-Lys-NH2). Compound 1 was then used to obtain the building block Fmoc-Lys(1-Ada-CH2CO)-OH as a modified amino acid for the synthesis of MEN 10818 [H-Asp-Tyr-d-Trp-Val-d-Trp-d-Trp-Lys(1-Ada-CH2CO)-NH2]. In order to investigate the biological activity of the peptide bearing the adamantane group together with the free N-terminal amino function, we synthesised MEN 10676 [H-Asp(O-2-Ada)-Tyr-d-Trp-Val-d-Trp-d-Trp-Lys-NH2] using Fmoc-Asp(O-2-Ada)-OH, in which 2-adamantanole was the protecting group of the aspartate β-COOH moiety during the peptide synthesis and survived the final peptide cleavage and deprotection carried out under controlled conditions. MEN 10586 showed an agonist activity comparable to that of the parent compound MEN 10210 at NK1 and NK2 receptors of guinea pig ileum, rabbit isolated pulmonary artery and hamster isolated trachea preparations, while it showed a 25-fold higher agonist activity at NK3 receptors of rat isolated portal vein. The three modified antagonist analogs displayed similar or reduced affinity at NK1, NK2 and NK3 receptors as compared to MEN 10376. The drop was particularly evident (〉2 log units) at the NK2 receptors of the rabbit isolated pulmonay artery.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1075-2617
    Keywords: Tachykinins ; NK-2 antagonist ; cyclic peptide ; conformation ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Neurokinin A receptor antagonists have been proposed as a new class of drugs for several applications in humans (asthama, intestinal motility, etc.). The rational design, synthesis, structural characterization and biological activity evaluation of a new potent, highly selective, long-lasting, peptide-based receptor antagonist are reported. The structure-activity relationship indicates that the conformational rigidity determines potency, specificity and especially the long life of the molecule in the living body. MEN 10627 is the prototype of a new class of cyclic, peptide-based, neurokinin A receptor antagonists and it is a suitable candidate for clinical testing in humans.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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