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  • Polymer and Materials Science  (1)
  • [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2]  (1)
  • bis(2-pyridinamine) adducts of MII bis(acetylacetonate)  (1)
  • bis(benzoylpyridin-p-toluensulfonylhydrazido)nickel  (1)
  • Wiley-Blackwell  (4)
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  • Wiley-Blackwell  (4)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Nickel complex, Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O ; bis(benzoylpyridin-p-toluensulfonylhydrazido)nickel ; heterocyclic sulfonamido chelates ; crystal structure ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Bis(benzoylpyridin-toluensulfonylhydrazido)nickel Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O  -  Relations between Structure, Redox, and Extraction Properties of Heterocyclic Sulfonamido ChelatesThe crystal structure of Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O was determined by x-ray diffraction: monoclinic, space group P21/c (Nr. 14); a = 15.077(4) Å, b = 14.901(3) Å, c = 16.335(3) Å, β = 95.74(1)°. R = 0.047 for a total of 5564 observed reflexions. Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O has a distorted tetrahedral structure with two six-membered chelate rings, one of them with a boat from. The electron system of the building blocks CNN⊖ within the chelate rings approaches that of a diazallyl group. The result is a high electron density on the sp2-hybridized donor atom N⊖ and, as a consequence, a short Ni—N⊖-distance (1.908 or 1.924 Å). The electronic properties of N⊖ also explain the high NH-acidity of the acid H(BPSH) (pks = 9,51 in 75 per cent dioxane) and the ligand field strength of BPSH⊖ which is low compared to that of other bidentate sulfonamido ligands and which is reflected in the paramagnetism of Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O.The redox behavior of metal chelates of the type, which is represented by Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O, is caused by a building block of the ligand which is also present in bipyridyl or in the 1,4-diaza-1,3-dienes. The central atoms M11 have only the function of interference factors.
    Notes: Die Kristallstruktur von Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O wurde durch Röntgenbeugung bestimmt: monoklin, Raumgruppe P21/c (Nr. 14), a = 15,077(4) Å, b = 14,901(3) Å, c = 16,335(3) Å, β = 95,74(1) ° R = 0,047 für 5564 beobachtete Reflexe. Ni(BPSH)2 ° H2O besitzt eine verzerrt tetraedrische Struktur mit zwei Chelatsechsringen, von denen einer in der Wannenform vorliegt. Die Baugruppen CNN⊖ innerhalb der Ringe weisen ein Elektronensystem auf, das sich an das einer Diazallylfunktion annähert. Die Folge davon ist eine hohe Elektronendichte auf dem sp2-hybridisierten Stickstoffhaftatom N⊖ und ein kurzer Ni—N⊖-Abstand (1,908 bzw. 1,924 Å). Die elektronischen Eigenschaften von N⊖ erklären weiterhin die hohe NH-Acidität der Säure H(BPSH) pks = 9,51 in 75% (Dioxan) und die verglichen mit anderen Sulfonamidochelatliganden geringe Ligandenfeldstärke von BPSH⊖, die sich im Paramagnetismus von Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O äußert.Das Redoxverhalten der Metallchelate des durch Ni(BPSH)2 · H2O repräsentierten Typs wird durch ein Bauelement des Liganden bestimmt, das sich im α, α′-Dipyridyl und in den 1,4-Diaza-1,3-dienen wiederfindet. Metallionen M2+ wirken über das Diazalylsystem lediglich als Störfaktoren.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] ; π-acceptor ligands ; reactivity ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Reactions of [Li(TMED)2] [Co(COD)2] with π-Acceptor LigandsThe isoelectronic complexe [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] und (dipy)Ni(COD) are compared as to their reactions with bifunctional nitrogen ligands (1, 4-Diaza-1, 3-diene, α, α′-bipyridine). In each case mixed ligand complexes of the type Li[)Co(COD)] (Solv)x (Solv = THF, TMED) are obtained. The magnetic properties, to a high degree, depend on the π-acceptor strength of the nitrogen ligand. Both diamagnetic (electron configuration 3d10 of cobalt) and paramagnetic complexes, such as Li[(tgd)Co(COD)] (Solv)x, (cobalt (0) with a 3d9-configuration and the radical anion tgd-), are formed (tgd = glyoxal[bis (4-methylphenylimin].[Li(TMED)2] [(dipy)Co(COD)] (IV) reacts with MSA by substitution of COD. In a solution of IV in THF surplus MSA is polymerised. It is unknown, whether the complex IV or TMED as a part of IV are the initiators of the polymerisation.
    Notes: Die isoelektronischen Komplexe [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] und (dipy)Ni(COD) werden in bezug auf ihre Reaktivität gegenüber bifunktionellen Stickstoffliganden (1, 4-Diaza-1, 3-diene, α, α′-Dipypridyl) verglichen. In jedem Fall werden Gemischtliganden-Komplexe des Typs Li[)Co(COD)] (Solv)x (Solv = THF, TMED) erhalten. Das magnetische Verhalten dieser Verbindungen hängt in starkem Maße von der π-Akzeptorstärke des Stickstoffliganden ab; neben diamagnetischen Species (Elektronenkonfiguration 3d10 am Cobalt) steht der paramagnetische Komplex Li[tgd)Co(COD)] (Solv)x, der neben Cobalt(0) das Radikalanion tgd- enthält (tgd = Gloxal[bis(4-methylphenylimin)].[Li(TMED)2] [(dipy)Co(COD)] reagiert mit MSA unter Substitution des COD. Größere Überschüsse an MSA polymerisieren in der Lösung. Unklar bleibt, ob der Komplex oder nur seine Bestandteile diese Polymerisation initiieren.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Cobalt (nickel) complexes ; bis(2-pyridinamine) adducts of MII bis(acetylacetonate) ; carbonate ; acetylacetonate hydrogencarbonate ; preparation ; crystal structure ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: 2-Pyridinamine Adducts of Transition Metal Bis(acetylacetonates) and their Reactions. Hydrogencarbonate as a Chelating Ligand in cis-(Ampy)2Co(acac)(HCO3)The reaction of cobalt(II) salts, acetylacetone (acacH), 2-pyridinamine (Ampy), and the carbon dioxide of the air in methanol affords a mixture of (Ampy)2Co(acac)2(II) and (Ampy)2Co(CO3)(H2O)2. On heating in toluene, appropriately in the presence of carbon dioxide, these complexes are converted into cis-(Ampy)2Co(acac)(HCO3) (III). Characteristic of compound III is a four-membered ring with the hydrogencarbonate as a bidentate ligand. The two Co—O distances are distinctly different (215.9 and 224.4 pm).In the complexes II and III 2-pyridinamine is a bidentate ligand coordinating by the endo-nitrogen. The Co-n-N bond lengths vary between 210.9 and 225.3 pm. Reasons are both the different trans-influence of the hydrogencarbonate or the acetylacetonato donor atoms and the π-interaction between cobalt(II) and the pyridine ring. This interaction is more significant in the cis-complex III. II and III are stabilized by a system of N—H … O- and O—H …O-bridges.With nickel(II) complexes analogous to II and III were obtained, while only the type II was characterized for manganese(II).
    Notes: Die Umsetzung von Cobalt(II)-Salzen mit Acetylaceton (acacH), 2-Pyridinamin (Ampy) und dem Kohlendioxid der Luft in Methanol gibt ein Gemisch von trans-(ampy)2Co(acac)2(II) und (Ampy)2Co(CO3)(H2O)2. Beim Erhitzen in Toluen, zweckmäßigerweise unter Durchleiten von Kohlendioxid, setzen sich diese Komplexe zu cis-(Ampy)2Co(acac)(HCO3)(III) um.Für III ist ein viergliedriger Chelatring mit dem Hydrogencarbonat als zweizähligem Liganden charakteristisch, die beiden Co—O-Abstände sind deutlich verschieden (215,9 und 224,4 pm).In II und III ist Ampy einzählig und koordiniert über den endo-Stickstoff. Die Co—N-Abstände variieren von 210,9 bis 225,3 pm. Differenzierende Faktoren sind der unterschiedliche Transeinfluß von Hydrogencarbonat-bzw. Acetylacetonathaftatomen, aber auch die π-Wechselwirkung zwischen dem Zentralatom und dem Pyridinring, die beim cis-Komplex III stärker als beim trans-Komplex II ausgeprägt ist. Die Verbindungen II und III werden durch ein System von N—H … O-und O—H … O-Brücken stabilisiert.Im Falle des Nickels wurden die zu II und III analogen Komplexe erhalten, bei Mangan(II) konnte dagegen nur der Typ II realisiert werden.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0021-9304
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: A study using an electro-osmotic cell suitable for actuating an implantable insulin micropump showed that controlled variable flow rates in the order of 0.2 mL/day are possible. The cell functioned continuously with low energy and power requirements and long service life. The principle of operation is compatible with achieving the very low flow rates necessary if highly concentrated insulin is to be used to avoid frequent insulin reservoir refilling. An electro-osmotic cell, Ag/ AgCl/NaCl(aq)/ cation exchange membrane/NaCl(aq)/ AgCl/ Ag, was connected to a constant current power supply which reversed the direction of the current every 10 mins causing a to-and-fro transport of fluid through the membrane. Flow rates of 0.15-0.60 μL/min were achieved with currents of 2.5-10 mA. At the low flow rate, energy consumption was 6.4 × 10-2 J/μL and peak power requirement was 〈2.0 × 10-4 W. Fluid was transported against a pressure gradient of 52 cm Hg. The cell contained a total electrolyte volume of 〈0.25 mL. The membrane showed no change in properties after 10,000 current reversals (69 days). To function as an actuator for an implantable insulin micropump, the electro-osmotic cell requires a switching and valving assembly; a suitable design for this is briefly considered.
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