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  • Articles  (5)
  • Nickel complexes  (1)
  • Polymer and Materials Science  (1)
  • Thermochemistry  (1)
  • Transition metal halides acetylacetonate complexes  (1)
  • [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2]  (1)
  • Wiley-Blackwell  (5)
  • 1
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Transition metal halides acetylacetonate complexes ; preparation ; crystal structure ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Addition of Transition Metal Dihalides to Acetylacetonates of Divalent Metal IonsTransition metal dihalides aMIIX2 (FeCl2, CoCl2 NiBr2 etc.) are added by the chelates MII(acac)2 under formation of binuclear complexes (THF)2MII(acac)2(aMIIX2). The octahedral and the tetrahedral centre of these compounds are connected by tridentate oxygen atoms of the two acetylacetonato ligands which are simultaneously included in four-membered rings (MIIO2aMII). The addition is combined with a deformation of the octahedral centre, as a prerequisite of a closest package of the atoms within the MIIO2aMII-ring.In the trinuclear complex (THF)2Ni(acac)2(HgCl2)2 III the interaction between the three coordination centres is weak. No structural change of the octahedral centre (THF)2Ni(acac)2 is found, but the HgCl2-groups diverge slightly from linearity (Cl—Hg—Cl 171.1°).No binuclear complexes with a central ion of the oxidation state III in the octahedral centre were obtained. One reason is the lowered donor strength of the bidentate Lewis base function of the octahedral centre [(THF)2Mn+(acac)2]n-2 with M+3 as a centralatom. Reacting systems with di- and trivalent ions prefer ionic complexes, as it is shown by the formation of [(THF)2V(acac)2][(THF)CoCl3] IV from VCl3 and Co(acac)2.The crystal structures of (THF)2Co(acac)2CoCl2II and [(THF)2V(acac)2][(THF)CoCl3] IV were determined by x-ray diffraction. II: orthorhombic-primitive; space group P212121, Z = 4; a = 967.4(2), b = 1453.4(3), c = 1715.9(4) pm; R = 0.049 for 3084 observed reflections. IV: triclinic; space group P1, Nr. 2; Z = 2; a = 871,5(2), b = 930,6(3), c = 1865,6(6) pm; α = 101,70(2), b̃ = 92,45(2), γ = 91,06(2)°; R = 0,060 für 4221 observed reflections.
    Notes: Bis(acetylacetonate) von Magnesium(II), Cobalt(II) oder Nickel(II) addieren Dihalogenide wie FeCl2, CoCl2 oder NiBr2 (aMIIX2) unter Bildung binuklearer Komplexe (THF)2MII(acac)2(aMIIX2), in denen ein oktaedrisches und ein tetraedrisches Zentrum über zwei dreibindige Sauerstoffatome der Acetylacetonatliganden miteinander verknüpft sind (Bildung eines viergliedrigen MIIO2aMII-Ringes). Die Addition ist mit einer Deformation des oktaedrischen Zentrums verbunden, die eine dichte Packung der vier Atome des MIIO2aMII-Ringes ermöglicht.Im trinuklearen Komplex (THF)2Ni(acac)2(HgCl2)2 III bleibt die Wechselwirkung zwischen den drei Koordinationszentren gering. Das oktaedrische Zentrum (THF)2Ni(acac)2 wird strukturell nicht verändert, allerdings weichen die beiden HgCl2-Bausteine (Valenzwinkel 171,1°) von der Linearität ab.Es gelang nicht, binukleare Komplexe mit einem Zentralatom der Oxidationsstufe III im oktaedrischen Zentrum darzustellen. Ein Grund dafür ist die verringerte Donorstärke der zweizähligen Lewisbasen-Funktion im oktaedrischen Zentrum [(THF)Mn+(acac)2]n-2 für M+3 als Zentralion. Reaktive Systeme mit zwei- und dreiwertigen Kationen weichen auf die Seite von ionischen Komplexen aus, wie die Bildung von [(THF)2V(acac)2][(THF)CoCl3] IV aus VCl3 und Co(acac)2 zeigt.Die Kristallstrukturen von (THF)2Co(acac)2CoCl2 II und [(THF)2V(acac)2][(THF)CoCl3] IV wurden durch Röntgenbeugung bestimmt.II: orthorhombisch primitiv, Raumgruppe P212121, Z = 4; a = 967,4(2), b = 1453,4(3), c = 1715,9(4) pm; R = 0,049 für 3084 beobachtete Reflexe.IV: triklin, Raumgruppe P1, Nr.2; Z = 2; a = 871,5(2), b = 930,6(3), c = 1865,6(6) pm; α = 101,70(2), b̃ = 92,45(2), γ = 91,06(2)°; R = 0,060 für 4221 beobachtete Reflexe.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: 1,3-Diketonate imidazole complexes of cobalt, nickel, copper ; Thermochemistry ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: NH-acidic Behaviour of Imidazole in the Course of the Thermal Degradation of its Bis(adducts) with Transition Metal 1,3-DiketonatesThe behaviour of complexes of the type M(O—O)2(HIm)2 (O—O = 1,3-diketonate, HIm = imidazole, M = Co, Ni, Cu) in the course of the thermal degradation is different. In the case of M(acac)2(HIm)2 in the first step acetylacetone is split off. By proton transfer from imidazole to the acetylacetonato ligands the bis(imidazolates) M(Im)2 are formed, which, at higher temperatures eliminate both imidazolyl residues, probably as 1H, 1H′-(2,2′)-bisimidazolyl.The thermal degradation of M(bzac)2(HIm)2 or M(dbm)2(HIm)2 (Hbzac = benzoylacetone, Hdbm dibenzoylmethane) starts with the partial elimination of imidazole. The intermediates M(bzac)(Im) or M(dbm)(Im) are obtained, and the final product of thermal degradation is the metal oxide.The main reasons for the different thermal behaviour of the complexes M(O—O)2(HIm)2 are differences in the volatility of the 1,3-diketones and probably in the molecular structures.
    Notes: Komplexe des Typs M(O—O)2(HIm)2 (O—O = 1,3-Diketonat; HIm = Imidazol; M = Co, Ni, Cu) zeigen beim thermischen Abbau ein differenziertes Verhalten. Im Falle von M(acac)2(HIm)2 wird in den ersten Stufen Acetylaceton abgespalten. Unter Protonenübertragung von Imidazol auf die Acetylacetonat-Liganden entstehen Bis-Imidazolate M(Im)2, die bei höherer Temperatur die Imidazolylreste wahrscheinlich als 1H, ′H-(2,2′)-Bisimidazolyl eliminieren.Der thermische Abbau von M(bzac)2(HIm)2 bzw. M(dbm)2(HIm)2 (Hbzac = Benzoylaceton, Hdbm = Dibenzoylmethan) beginnt mit der partiellen Abspaltung von Imidazol. Es wird ein Zwischenprodukt der Zusammensetzung M(bzac)(Im) bzw. M(dbm)(Im) erhalten. Anorganisches Endprodukt des Abbaus ist das Metalloxid.Wesentliche Gründe für das differenzierte Verhalten der Komplexe des Typs M(O—O)(HIm)2 beim thermischen Abbau werden in der unterschiedlichen Flüchtigkeit der 1,3-Diketone und in Strukturunterschieden gesehen.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] ; π-acceptor ligands ; reactivity ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Reactions of [Li(TMED)2] [Co(COD)2] with π-Acceptor LigandsThe isoelectronic complexe [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] und (dipy)Ni(COD) are compared as to their reactions with bifunctional nitrogen ligands (1, 4-Diaza-1, 3-diene, α, α′-bipyridine). In each case mixed ligand complexes of the type Li[)Co(COD)] (Solv)x (Solv = THF, TMED) are obtained. The magnetic properties, to a high degree, depend on the π-acceptor strength of the nitrogen ligand. Both diamagnetic (electron configuration 3d10 of cobalt) and paramagnetic complexes, such as Li[(tgd)Co(COD)] (Solv)x, (cobalt (0) with a 3d9-configuration and the radical anion tgd-), are formed (tgd = glyoxal[bis (4-methylphenylimin].[Li(TMED)2] [(dipy)Co(COD)] (IV) reacts with MSA by substitution of COD. In a solution of IV in THF surplus MSA is polymerised. It is unknown, whether the complex IV or TMED as a part of IV are the initiators of the polymerisation.
    Notes: Die isoelektronischen Komplexe [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] und (dipy)Ni(COD) werden in bezug auf ihre Reaktivität gegenüber bifunktionellen Stickstoffliganden (1, 4-Diaza-1, 3-diene, α, α′-Dipypridyl) verglichen. In jedem Fall werden Gemischtliganden-Komplexe des Typs Li[)Co(COD)] (Solv)x (Solv = THF, TMED) erhalten. Das magnetische Verhalten dieser Verbindungen hängt in starkem Maße von der π-Akzeptorstärke des Stickstoffliganden ab; neben diamagnetischen Species (Elektronenkonfiguration 3d10 am Cobalt) steht der paramagnetische Komplex Li[tgd)Co(COD)] (Solv)x, der neben Cobalt(0) das Radikalanion tgd- enthält (tgd = Gloxal[bis(4-methylphenylimin)].[Li(TMED)2] [(dipy)Co(COD)] reagiert mit MSA unter Substitution des COD. Größere Überschüsse an MSA polymerisieren in der Lösung. Unklar bleibt, ob der Komplex oder nur seine Bestandteile diese Polymerisation initiieren.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Nickel complexes ; nickelacyclic complexes ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Influence of Ring Size and Substitution on the Oxidative Addition of Cyclic Carboxylic Acid Anhydrides and Imides to the Moiety (N N)Niº (N N = bipy, tetramethylethylenediamine)(dipy)(COD) or a mixture of tmed/Ni(COD)2 easily react with cyclic carboxylic acid anhydrides by an oxidative addition. After decarbonylation with succinic acid anhydride a five-membered, with glutaric acid anhydride a six-membered metallacycle are formed - or With diphenic acid anhydride we obtained a seven-membered chelate in the boat form (XIV). Along their bond axis the two aromatic rings are twisted by 127°, i.e. the conjugative interaction is weak.Itaconic acid anhydride, as a polar olefine, can coordinate to the moiety (tmed)Ni side-on. But also on oxidative addition, yielding the five-membered chelate (XVI), is possible. The five-membered chelate is the only Product of the reaction with (dipy)Ni(COD).1.8-naphthalic acid anhydride (NSA), because of its rigidity, is not suitable for an oxidative addition to electron-rich nickel(O) complexes. But as a π acceptor ligand with a relatively low half wave potential NSA displaces COD of (dipy)Ni(COD) forming (dipy)Ni(NSA) · 0.25 THF (XVIII). One of the final products of the acidolysis of [(dipy)Ni]2(PPI) · 1.5 THF (XIX PPI=N-phenyl phthalimide) is benzanilide, a compound which might be an indicator of an oxidative additive connected with an -bond breaking in the course of the synthesis of XIX. But ir-data shows the framework of PPI to be preserved in the complex XIX. Evidently the bond breaking proceeds in the course of the acidolysis.
    Notes: (dipy)Ni(COD) bzw. ein Gemisch von tmed/Ni(COD)2 reagieren mit cyclischen Carbonsäure-anhydriden unter oxidativer Addition. Nach Decarbonylierung entstehen dabei mit Bernsteinsäureanhydrid ein fünfgliedriger, mit Glutarsäureanhydrid ein sechsgliedriger Nickelacyclus bzw. Mit Diphensäureanhydrid erhielten wir ein siebengliedriges Chelat in der Wannenform (XIV). Die beiden aromatischen Ringsysteme von XIV sind entlang der Bindungsachse um 127° gegeneinander verdrillt. Die konjugative Wechselwirkung zwischen diesen Ringen bleibt daher gering.Itaconsäureanhydrid kann an dem Rumpf (tmed)Ni als polares Olefin und damit side-on koordinieren. Es ist aber auch eine oxidative Addition unter Bildung von (XVI) möglich. Ausschließlich das oxidative Additionsprodukt wird bei der Umsetzung mit (dipy)Ni(COD) erhalten.Naphthalsäureanhydrid (NSA) mit seinem starren Hetero-Sechsring ist zu einer oxidativen Addition an elektronenreiche Nickel(0)-Komplexe nicht befähigt. Als π-Akzeptorligand mit einem relativ niedrigen ersten Halbstufenpotential vermag es jedoch COD aus (dipy)Ni(COD) unter Bildung von (dipy)Ni(NSA) 0,25 THF (XVIII) zu verdrängen.Die Acidolyse von [(dipy)Ni]2(PPI) · 1,5 THF (XIX; PPI = N-Phenylphthalimid) ergibt mit Benzanilid eine Verbindung, die auf eine bei der Synthese von XIX abgelaufene oxidative Addition unter -Bindungs-spaltung hindeutet. IR-Daten lassen jedoch nur den Schluß zu, daß im Komplex XIX das Skelett PPI noch erhalten ist. Die Bindungsspaltung erfolgt offenbar erst im Verlauf der Acidolyse.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0021-9304
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: A study using an electro-osmotic cell suitable for actuating an implantable insulin micropump showed that controlled variable flow rates in the order of 0.2 mL/day are possible. The cell functioned continuously with low energy and power requirements and long service life. The principle of operation is compatible with achieving the very low flow rates necessary if highly concentrated insulin is to be used to avoid frequent insulin reservoir refilling. An electro-osmotic cell, Ag/ AgCl/NaCl(aq)/ cation exchange membrane/NaCl(aq)/ AgCl/ Ag, was connected to a constant current power supply which reversed the direction of the current every 10 mins causing a to-and-fro transport of fluid through the membrane. Flow rates of 0.15-0.60 μL/min were achieved with currents of 2.5-10 mA. At the low flow rate, energy consumption was 6.4 × 10-2 J/μL and peak power requirement was 〈2.0 × 10-4 W. Fluid was transported against a pressure gradient of 52 cm Hg. The cell contained a total electrolyte volume of 〈0.25 mL. The membrane showed no change in properties after 10,000 current reversals (69 days). To function as an actuator for an implantable insulin micropump, the electro-osmotic cell requires a switching and valving assembly; a suitable design for this is briefly considered.
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