Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Northern analyses of two low-activitysn-glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase(Gpdh) alleles extracted from natural populations ofDrosophila melanogaster showed that one of them,Gpdh ACyg22 , produced wild-type levels of a normal sized (1.7-kb) mRNA but the other,Gpdh AMB5 , had very low levels of a 1.7-kb mRNA together with low levels of a transcript 200 bp larger. The two variant genes were cloned and sequenced. Compared with normal activity alleles, there were two nucleotide differences in the DNA sequence ofGpdh ACyg22 which were in first-codon positions and would be expected to give rise to Asn-13 → Tyr and Arg-272 → Cys substitutions. The second of these changes is most likely to account for the altered properties of the enzyme. In contrast, none of the nucleotide differences inGpdh AMB5 would give rise to amino acid substitutions, but a 76-bp deletion in the 5′ region removed the normal TATA box and there was a 20-bp insertion in the same region. One of the two transcripts was derived from the use of a substitute TATA box sequence in the insertion, but the 1.9-kb transcript had heterogeneous 5′ ends that were not associated with substitute TATA box sequences. The two transcripts either are produced at a lower rate or are less stable than the normal mRNA.
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