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  • 1
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: 1,3-Diketonate imidazole complexes of cobalt, nickel, copper ; Thermochemistry ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: NH-acidic Behaviour of Imidazole in the Course of the Thermal Degradation of its Bis(adducts) with Transition Metal 1,3-DiketonatesThe behaviour of complexes of the type M(O—O)2(HIm)2 (O—O = 1,3-diketonate, HIm = imidazole, M = Co, Ni, Cu) in the course of the thermal degradation is different. In the case of M(acac)2(HIm)2 in the first step acetylacetone is split off. By proton transfer from imidazole to the acetylacetonato ligands the bis(imidazolates) M(Im)2 are formed, which, at higher temperatures eliminate both imidazolyl residues, probably as 1H, 1H′-(2,2′)-bisimidazolyl.The thermal degradation of M(bzac)2(HIm)2 or M(dbm)2(HIm)2 (Hbzac = benzoylacetone, Hdbm dibenzoylmethane) starts with the partial elimination of imidazole. The intermediates M(bzac)(Im) or M(dbm)(Im) are obtained, and the final product of thermal degradation is the metal oxide.The main reasons for the different thermal behaviour of the complexes M(O—O)2(HIm)2 are differences in the volatility of the 1,3-diketones and probably in the molecular structures.
    Notes: Komplexe des Typs M(O—O)2(HIm)2 (O—O = 1,3-Diketonat; HIm = Imidazol; M = Co, Ni, Cu) zeigen beim thermischen Abbau ein differenziertes Verhalten. Im Falle von M(acac)2(HIm)2 wird in den ersten Stufen Acetylaceton abgespalten. Unter Protonenübertragung von Imidazol auf die Acetylacetonat-Liganden entstehen Bis-Imidazolate M(Im)2, die bei höherer Temperatur die Imidazolylreste wahrscheinlich als 1H, ′H-(2,2′)-Bisimidazolyl eliminieren.Der thermische Abbau von M(bzac)2(HIm)2 bzw. M(dbm)2(HIm)2 (Hbzac = Benzoylaceton, Hdbm = Dibenzoylmethan) beginnt mit der partiellen Abspaltung von Imidazol. Es wird ein Zwischenprodukt der Zusammensetzung M(bzac)(Im) bzw. M(dbm)(Im) erhalten. Anorganisches Endprodukt des Abbaus ist das Metalloxid.Wesentliche Gründe für das differenzierte Verhalten der Komplexe des Typs M(O—O)(HIm)2 beim thermischen Abbau werden in der unterschiedlichen Flüchtigkeit der 1,3-Diketone und in Strukturunterschieden gesehen.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] ; π-acceptor ligands ; reactivity ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Reactions of [Li(TMED)2] [Co(COD)2] with π-Acceptor LigandsThe isoelectronic complexe [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] und (dipy)Ni(COD) are compared as to their reactions with bifunctional nitrogen ligands (1, 4-Diaza-1, 3-diene, α, α′-bipyridine). In each case mixed ligand complexes of the type Li[)Co(COD)] (Solv)x (Solv = THF, TMED) are obtained. The magnetic properties, to a high degree, depend on the π-acceptor strength of the nitrogen ligand. Both diamagnetic (electron configuration 3d10 of cobalt) and paramagnetic complexes, such as Li[(tgd)Co(COD)] (Solv)x, (cobalt (0) with a 3d9-configuration and the radical anion tgd-), are formed (tgd = glyoxal[bis (4-methylphenylimin].[Li(TMED)2] [(dipy)Co(COD)] (IV) reacts with MSA by substitution of COD. In a solution of IV in THF surplus MSA is polymerised. It is unknown, whether the complex IV or TMED as a part of IV are the initiators of the polymerisation.
    Notes: Die isoelektronischen Komplexe [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] und (dipy)Ni(COD) werden in bezug auf ihre Reaktivität gegenüber bifunktionellen Stickstoffliganden (1, 4-Diaza-1, 3-diene, α, α′-Dipypridyl) verglichen. In jedem Fall werden Gemischtliganden-Komplexe des Typs Li[)Co(COD)] (Solv)x (Solv = THF, TMED) erhalten. Das magnetische Verhalten dieser Verbindungen hängt in starkem Maße von der π-Akzeptorstärke des Stickstoffliganden ab; neben diamagnetischen Species (Elektronenkonfiguration 3d10 am Cobalt) steht der paramagnetische Komplex Li[tgd)Co(COD)] (Solv)x, der neben Cobalt(0) das Radikalanion tgd- enthält (tgd = Gloxal[bis(4-methylphenylimin)].[Li(TMED)2] [(dipy)Co(COD)] reagiert mit MSA unter Substitution des COD. Größere Überschüsse an MSA polymerisieren in der Lösung. Unklar bleibt, ob der Komplex oder nur seine Bestandteile diese Polymerisation initiieren.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0021-9304
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: A study using an electro-osmotic cell suitable for actuating an implantable insulin micropump showed that controlled variable flow rates in the order of 0.2 mL/day are possible. The cell functioned continuously with low energy and power requirements and long service life. The principle of operation is compatible with achieving the very low flow rates necessary if highly concentrated insulin is to be used to avoid frequent insulin reservoir refilling. An electro-osmotic cell, Ag/ AgCl/NaCl(aq)/ cation exchange membrane/NaCl(aq)/ AgCl/ Ag, was connected to a constant current power supply which reversed the direction of the current every 10 mins causing a to-and-fro transport of fluid through the membrane. Flow rates of 0.15-0.60 μL/min were achieved with currents of 2.5-10 mA. At the low flow rate, energy consumption was 6.4 × 10-2 J/μL and peak power requirement was 〈2.0 × 10-4 W. Fluid was transported against a pressure gradient of 52 cm Hg. The cell contained a total electrolyte volume of 〈0.25 mL. The membrane showed no change in properties after 10,000 current reversals (69 days). To function as an actuator for an implantable insulin micropump, the electro-osmotic cell requires a switching and valving assembly; a suitable design for this is briefly considered.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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