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  • 1
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Lithium [tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl]tellanide · DME ; covalent radius of DME complexed Li ; [tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl]tellane ; methyl-[tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl]tellane ; bis[tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl]ditellane ; Te—H bond ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Metal Derivatives of Molecular Compounds. IV Synthesis, Structure, and Reactivity of Lithium [Tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl]tellanide · DMELithium tris(trimethylsilyl)silanide · 1,5 DME [3] and tellurium react in 1,2-dimethoxyethane to give colourless lithium [tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl]tellanide · DME (1). An X-ray structure determination {-150 · 3·C; P21/c; a = 1346.6(4); b = 1497.0(4); c = 1274.5(3) pm; β = 99.22(2)·; Z = 2 dimers; R = 0.030} shows the compound to be dimeric forming a planar Li—Te—Li—Te ring with two tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl substituents in a trans position. Three-coordinate tellurium is bound to the central silicon of the tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl group and to two lithium atoms; the two remaining sites of each four-coordinate lithium are occupied by the chelate ligand DME {Li—Te 278 and 284; Si—Te 250; Li—O 200 pm (2X); Te—Li—Te 105°; Li—Te—Li 75°; O—Li—O 84°}. The covalent radius of 154 pm as determined for the DME-complexed lithium in tellanide 1 is within the range of 155 ± 3 pm, also characteristic for similar compounds. In typical reactions of the tellanide 1 [tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl]tellane (2), methyl-[tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl]tellane (4) and bis[tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl]ditellane (5) are formed.
    Notes: Lithium-tris(trimethylsilyl)silanid · 1,5 DME [3] reagiert mit Tellur in 1,2-Dimethoxyethan zu farblosem Lithium-[tris(trimethylsilyl)silyi]tellanid · DME (1). Nach der Röntgenstrukturanalyse {-150 ± 3°C; P21/c; a = 1346,6(4); b = 1497,0(4); c = 1274,5(3) pm; β = 99,22(2)°; Z = 2 Dimere; R = 0,030} ist Verbindung 1 im Festkörper dimer; die beiden Tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl-Gruppen sind am planaren Li—Te—Li—Te-Ring trans-ständig zueinander angeordnet. Tellur erreicht durch Bindung an zwei Lithium und ein Silicium die Koordinationszahl 3, Lithium durch Bindung an zwei Tellur und den Chelatliganden DME die Koordinationszahl 4 {Li—Te 278 und 284; Si—Te 250; Li—O 200 pm (2X); Te—Li—Te 105°, Li—Te—Li 75°; O—Li—O 84°}. Der hier zu 154 pm ermittelte kovalente Radius des DME-komplexierten Lithiumatoms fällt in den auch für andere Verbindungen typischen Bereich von 155 ± 3 pm. Charakteristische Umsetzungen des Tellanids 1 führen zu [Tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl]tellan (2), Methyl-[tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl]tellan (4) und Bis[tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl]ditellan (5).
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Sulfoximide ; Sulfoximidium Salts ; Structure ; Hydrogenbonding ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Sulfoximide and Sulfoximidium Salts - Structures and Hydrogen BondingIn the solid state dimethylsulfoximide (1) (orthorhombic; space group Pbca; a = 577.8, b = 931.2 and c = 1645.6 pm) makes intermolecular N—H ≡ N hydrogen bonds. The hydrogen halide salts (CH3)2S(O)NH2+Hal- ((2), Hal-=Cl-; (4), Hal-=Br-) reacts with metal halides to yield (CH3)2S(O)NH2+MHalyn- with the complex anions ((5), MHalyn-=SbCl4-; (6), MHalyn-=SbCl52-; (7), MHalyn-=SbCl6-; (8), MHalyn-=SbBr52-; (9), MHalyn-=AlCl4-). 2 crystallizes from ethanol (96%) as [(CH3)2S(O)NH2+Cl-]2 · H2O (3). The structures of 3 (monoclinic; space group P21/c; a = 917.0, b = 1344.7, c = 1080.8 pm and β = 103.8°; Z = 10), 4 (orthorhombic; space group Pbcn; a = 1028.9, b = 1132.6, c = 1074.1 pm; Z = 8) and 6 (monoclinic; space group C2/c; a = 2041.1, b = 1101.4, c = 3365.6 pm and β = 153.8°; Z = 8) are determined by X-ray analysis. In 6 Sb is coordinated in a distorted octahedra by 6 Cl in three short (mean 245,5 pm; SbCl3) and three long distances (291 to 299 pm; Cl-). Two of the chloride ions connect the Sb atoms to infinite Sb … Cl … Sb chains. Except for 7 and 9 there are bridges between the NH2 groups and the halide ions. The NH valence vibrations are discussed in view of hydrogen bonding.
    Notes: Im festen Dimethylsulfoximid (1) (orthorhombisch; Raumgruppe Pbca; a = 577,8, b = 931,2 und c = 1645,6 pm) sind zwischen den Imidgruppen N—H … N-Brückenbindungen ausgebildet. Die mit HHal darstellbaren Salze (CH3)2S(O)NH2+Hal- ((2), Hal-=Cl-; (4), Hal-=Br-) reagieren mit MHalx zu (CH3)2S(O)NH2+MHalyn- ((5), MHalyn-=SbCl4-; (6), MHalyn-=SbCl52-; (7), MHalyn-=SbCl6-; (8), MHalyn-=SbBr52-; (9), MHalyn-=AlCl4-). 2 kristallisiert aus 96% Ethanol als [(CH3)2S(O)NH2+Cl-]2 · H2O (3). Die Strukturen von 3 (monoklin; Raumgruppe P21/c; a = 917,0, b = 1344,7, c = 1080,8 pm und β = 103,8°; Z = 10), 4 (orthorhombisch; Raumgruppe Pbcn; a = 1028,9, b = 1132,6, c = 1074,1 pm; Z = 8) und 6 (monoklin; Raumgruppe C2/c; a = 2041,1, b = 1101,4, c = 3365.6 pm und β = 153,8°; Z = 8) wurden bestimmt. In 6 ist Sb verzerrt oktaedrisch von 6 Cl in drei kurzen (im Mittel 245,5 pm; SbCl3) und drei langen Abständen (291 bis 299 pm; Cl-) umgeben. Zwei der lang gebundenen Cl-Ionen verknüpfen die Sb-Atome zu unendlichen Sb … Cl … Sb-Ketten. Die NH2-Gruppen der Kationen bilden außer in 7 und in 9 H—Brückenbindungen zu den Halogenidionen. Die NH-Valenzschwingungen werden im Hinblick auf die Wasserstoffbrückenbindungen diskutiert.
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