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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 32 (1992), S. 81-84 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: A new approach to the quantitative evaluation of the thickness hi and the volume fraction Vi of the interfacial layer in polyimide coatings has been developed using the model of a one-sided polymer coating as a three-phase system (a substrate, an interfacial layer and a polymer matrix) and the method of differential scanning calorimetry. The new approach is characterized by the fact that a “pure” polymer matrix is modeled with the help of free films obtained on mercury. The formulas for the calculation of the thickness and volume fraction of the interfacial layer have been proposed. The value hi has been determined in polymer coatings of different thicknesses on aluminium foil. This parameter has been shown to be independent of the film thickness if the latter is not larger than the length of the interfacial layer. An assumption has been made about the “mechanical” origin of thick (〉 1-5 μm) interfacial layers, and their relaxation character has been revealed.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0006-3525
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A tool was developed for enhancement of plasmid penetration into an intact cell, based on increasing DNA hydrophobicity via inclusion into a soluble interpolyelectrolyte complex (IPC) with polycations. The characteristics of formation of DNA IPC with synthetic polycations [poly(N-ethyl-4-vinylpyridinium)bromide (PVP) and PVP modified with 3% of N-cetyl-4-vinylpyridinium units (PVP-C)] were studied using ultracentrifugation and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis methods. The conditions were established under which the mixing of DNA and polycation aqueous solutions results in the selfassembly of soluble IPC species. Incorporation of DNA into IPC results in the enhancement of DNA binding with isolated Bacillus subtilis membranes. A considerable increase in the efficiency of transformation of B. subtilis cells with pBC16 plasmid resulted from incorporation of the plasmid into the IPC with PVP and CVP.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Über die Säure-Base-Eigenschaften des Di- und Tetrafluorxenons in Reaktionen bei erhöhten TemperaturenEs wurde die Reaktion von Xenondifluorid und Xenontetrafluorid mit Fluorkomplex-Verbindungen verschiedener Übergangsmetalle bei erhöhter Temperatur untersucht. Unter diesen Bedingungen wurde die Bildung von Anionenkomplexen M2XeIVF6 festgestellt. Es wurde gezeigt, daß XeF4 unabhängig davon, ob es direkt in die Reaktion eingeführt wird oder dort aus XeF2 entsteht, zwei typische Eigenschaften aufweist: die eines Oxydationsmittels (〉 300°C) und einer Säure (zwischen 150°C und 300°C). Das Reaktionsverhalten des XeF4 hängt ferner von den Eigenschaften des Reaktionspartners ab. Die Eigenschaften der Xenonfluoride als Lewis-Säuren folgen der Reihe: XeF6 ≈ XeF4 ≫ XeF2.
    Notes: Reaction of xenon di- and tetrafluoride with different transition element fluorocomplexes at high temperatures has been studied. The formation of XeIV anionic complexes M2XeF6 has been found. XeF4 is shown to reveal two kinds of properties: oxidative (higher than 300°C) and acidic (between 150-300°C), independently whether it was initially introduced into the system or arised in it from XeF2. The reaction path of xenon tetrafluoride is shown to depend upon the other reagent properties. The conclusion is made that Lewis acidic properties of xenon fluorides decrease as follows: XeF6 ≈ XeF4 ≫ XeF2.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Über die Umsetzung der Di- und Tetrafluoride des Xenons mit Fluoriden der AlkalimetalleDie Umsetzung von XeF2 und XeF4 mit Verbindungen des Typs MF (M = Na, K, Rb, Cs) wird untersucht. Es bilden sich dabei Hexafluoroxenate(IV) mit der Summenformel M2XeF6, die das oktaedrische Anion XeF62- enthalten. Cs2XeF6 und Rb2XeF6 bilden monokline Kristalle (a0 = 853,7(5); b0 = 669,6(2); c0 = 843,6(5) pm; β = 121,7(1)° für Cs2XeF6 und a0 = 812,6(4); b0 = 631,9(2); c0 = 795,6(4) pm; β = 121,5(1)° für Rb2XeF6). K2XeF6: tetragonal mit a0 = 868,8(2); c0 = 747,8(2) pm; Na2XeF6: hexagonal mit a0 = 642,1(3); c0 = 844,8(5) pm. Es wird gezeigt, daß sich die Verbindungen M2XeF6 inkongruent in wasserfreiem HF lösen, wobei sich unter anderem das Solvolyseprodukt XeF4 bildet. Es wird nachgewiesen, daß die Thermolyse von M2XeIVF6 und M2XeVIF8 unter ähnlichen Bedingungen abläuft.
    Notes: Interaction of XeF2 or XeF4 with MF (M = Na, K, Rb, Cs) has been studied. Hexafluoroxenates(IV) M2XeF6 containing the octahedral XeF62- anion (in accordance with spectroscopy data) were formed in the reaction. Cs2XeF6 and Rb2XeF6 form monoclynic crystals (a0 = 853.7(5); b0 = 669.6(2); c0 = 843.6(5) pm; β = 121.7(1)° and a0 = 812.6(4); b0 = 631.9(2); c0 = 795.6(4) pm; β = 121.5(1)°, respectively). K2XeF6 has a tetragonal lattice (a0 = 868.8(2); c0 = 747.8(2) pm), while Na2XeF6 has a hexagonal one (a0 = 642.1(3); c0 = 844.8(5) pm). M2XeF6 is shown to dissolve in unhydrous HF incongruently, one of the solvolitic products being XeF4. Thermolysis of M2XeIVF6 and M2XeVIF8 were shown to proceed under similar temperatures.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Schwingungsspektren kristalliner Hexachlorocerate(IV), R2CeCl6Eine vollständige Zuordnung aller Fundamentalbanden in den Spektren kristalliner R2CeCl6, die zu den Ce—Cl-Schwingungen gehören, wurde unter Benutzung von Daten über Kombinationsschwingungen und im Raman-Spektrum aktiver Oberschwingungen vorgenommen. Die Vermutung über die Existenz einer isolierten [CeCl62-]-Gruppe, die in Kristallen mit einer genügend hohen Gitterpunktsymmetrie eine oktaedrische Struktur aufweist, konnte bestätigt werden. Auf der Grundlage des experimentellen Materials und seiner Deutung wird die Vermutung über das Auftreten eines Pseudo-Jahn-Teller-Effektes in der Hexachloroceraten(IV) geäußert.
    Notes: A complete assignment of all fundamentals in the spectra of crystalline R2CeCl6 belonging to the Ce—Cl vibrations was undertaken using data about combination bands and active in the Raman spectrum overtones. The assumption of the presence of a separate [CeCl62-] group possessing an octahedral structure in crystals with a sufficient high site symmetry has been confirmed. Based on the experimental material and its interpretation a presumption concerning the appearence of a pseudo-Jahn-Teller effect in the hexachlorocerates(IV) was supposed.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0003-3146
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: Eine Aminolyse von makroporösen Copolymeren aus Glycidylmethacrylat und Ethylendimethacrylat führte zu Sorbentien mit einem unterschiedlichen Gehalt an Amino-und Hydroxygruppen. Es wurde die Abhängigkeit zwischen strukturellen Parametern und der Schwefeldioxidsorption auf der einen und der Konzentration des Vernetzungsmittels und der porogenen Lösungsmittel in der Polymerisationsmischung auf der anderen Seite untersucht. Die Schwefeldioxidsorption hängt von der geometrischen Struktur des Sorbens, der Konzentration, der chemischen Struktur und der Erreichbarkeit der funktionellen Gruppen ab.
    Notes: Macroporous copolymers of 2,3-epoxypropyl methacrylate and ethylenedimethacrylate modified by aminolysis yielded sorbents with various contents of amino and hydroxy groups. The dependences of structural characteristics of these sorbents and of the sorption of sulphur dioxide on the content of crosslinking agent and on the cyclohexanol/dodecanol ratio used as the porogenic medium in the preparation of copolymers were investigated. The sorption of sulphur dioxide depends on the geometrical structure of the sorbent, concentration, chemical structure and accessibility of functional groups.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2017-09-12
    Description: Author(s): D. B. Karki and Mikhail N. Kiselev We investigate thermoelectric transport through a SU ( N ) quantum impurity in the Kondo regime. The strong-coupling fixed-point theory is described by the local Fermi-liquid paradigm. Using Keldysh technique we analyze the electric current through the quantum impurity at both finite bias voltage and f... [Phys. Rev. B 96, 121403(R)] Published Mon Sep 11, 2017
    Keywords: Surface physics, nanoscale physics, low-dimensional systems
    Print ISSN: 1098-0121
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-3795
    Topics: Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Author(s): T. K. T. Nguyen and M. N. Kiselev We propose a model describing Seebeck effect on a weak link between two quantum systems with fine-tunable ground states of Fermi and non-Fermi liquid origin. The experimental realization of the model can be achieved by utilizing the quantum devices operating in the integer quantum Hall regime [Z. If... [Phys. Rev. B 97, 085403] Published Mon Feb 05, 2018
    Keywords: Surface physics, nanoscale physics, low-dimensional systems
    Print ISSN: 1098-0121
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-3795
    Topics: Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2017-12-02
    Description: Author(s): Arjan J. A. Beukman, Folkert K. de Vries, Jasper van Veen, Rafal Skolasinski, Michael Wimmer, Fanming Qu, David T. de Vries, Binh-Minh Nguyen, Wei Yi, Andrey A. Kiselev, Marko Sokolich, Michael J. Manfra, Fabrizio Nichele, Charles M. Marcus, and Leo P. Kouwenhoven The spin-orbit interaction is investigated in a dual gated InAs/GaSb quantum well. Using an electric field, the quantum well can be tuned between a single-carrier regime with exclusively electrons as carriers and a two-carrier regime where electrons and holes coexist. The spin-orbit interaction in b... [Phys. Rev. B 96, 241401(R)] Published Fri Dec 01, 2017
    Keywords: Surface physics, nanoscale physics, low-dimensional systems
    Print ISSN: 1098-0121
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-3795
    Topics: Physics
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-05-03
    Description: Author(s): D. B. Karki, Christophe Mora, Jan von Delft, and Mikhail N. Kiselev A multiorbital quantum impurity with effective spin S〉1/2 connected to several reservoirs of conduction electrons can lead to a Kondo effect, exhibiting multistage screening. The ground state of a prototypical nanoscale device consisting of an S=1 quantum impurity connected to two conducting reservoirs is a spin singlet, formed via a two-stage Kondo screening mechanism. Understanding the equilibrium and nonequilibrium properties of the strong-coupling regime resulting from this two-stage screening has been an open problem for many years. Here, the authors offer a detailed description in terms of an effective local two-color Fermi liquid theory. [Phys. Rev. B 97, 195403] Published Wed May 02, 2018
    Keywords: Surface physics, nanoscale physics, low-dimensional systems
    Print ISSN: 1098-0121
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-3795
    Topics: Physics
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