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  • Chemistry  (40)
  • Structure determination  (2)
  • Cesium copper(II) fluoride, CsCu2F5  (1)
  • Cyano-elpasolites  (1)
  • IR Spectra  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Redetermination of the K2CuF4 StructureThe structure of K2CuF4 was redetermined by x-rays. An enlarged tetra-gonal unit cell of dimensions a = 5.858, c = 25.42 Å was found. The refinement in spacegroup D102d-I4c2 yielded R = 0.06. Contrary to former findings the JAHN-TELLER- distortion of the CuF6-octahedra corresponds to a tetragonal elongation with distances Cu-F = 1.92 Å (4 ×) and 2.22 Å(2×).
    Notes: Die röntgenographische Neubestimmung ergab für die K2CuF4- Struktur eine Vergrößerung der tetragonalen Elementarzelle auf die Gitterabmessungen a = 5,858, c = 25,42 Å. In der Raumgruppe D102d-I4c2 ließ sich die Struktur bis R = 0,06 verfeinern. Im Gegensatz zu früheren Befunden erweist sich die JAHN-TELLER-Verzerrung CuF6-Oktaeder jetzt auch hier als gestreckt. Im Rahmen der Bestimmungsgenauigkeit sind alle Oktaeder tragonal mit Abständen Cu-F = 1,92 Å (4×) und 2,22 Å (2×).
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Structures of Cesium-containing Fluorides. V. Pseudohexagonal Tungsten Bronze Structure of the Monoclinic Phase Cs0.4Zn0.4Fe1.6F6 and Related Cesium Transition Metal FluoridesThe crystal structure of the pseudohexagonale phase Cs0.4Zn0.4Fe1.6F6 was refined in the monoclinic space group P21 (a = 747.4, b = 763.6, c = 746.1 pm, β = 120.0°, z = 3). Using 1067 single crystal reflections R = 6.3% was reached. Compared to the hexagonal tungsten bronze structure the corner-sharing of octahedra shows pronounced angles also along the unique axis (M—F—M = 159.0°). The average bridge angle in the framework of tilted octahedra is 149.6°. Structural relations are discussed.
    Notes: Die Kristallstruktur der pseudohexagonalen Phase Cs0,4Zn0,4Fe1,6F6 konnte in der monoklinen Raumgruppe P21 (a = 747,4 b = 763,6, c = 746,1 pm, β = 120,0°, z = 3) unter Auswertung von 1 067 Einkristallreflexen auf R = 6,3% verfeinert werden. Im Vergleich zur Struktur der hexagonalen Wolframbronzen ist die Oktaeder-Eckenverknüpfung auch längs der ausgezeichneten Achse deutlich gewinkelt (M—F—M = 159,0°). Der mittlere Brückenwinkel im Raumnetz der verkippten Oktaeder beträgt 149,6°. Die Strukturverhältnisse werden diskutiert.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: X-Ray Single Crystal Structure Determinations of the Potassium Copper(II) Fluorides K2CuF4 and K3Cu2F7With single crystals of the tetragonal compounds K2CuF4 (a = 414.7(2), c = 1273(3) pm) and K3Cu2F7 (a = 415.6(3), c = 2052(3) pm), showing no superstructure reflections, crystal structure determinations were based on space group I4/mmm of the K2NiF4 and Sr3Ti2O7 type, resp. The shape of F0-Fourier maxima at the positions of linking fluorine atoms within the layers of octahedra suggested disorder of bridging ligands caused by multidomain structure, which could be refined assuming half occupation of higherfold positions. The results confirmed the Jahn-Teller-distortions of octahedra being elongated with a significant orthorhombic component: Cu—F = 190.9(7)/193.9(2)/223.8(7) pm in K2CuF4 (RW = 0.020) and 190.0(7)/194.7/225.6(7) pm in K3Cu2F7 (RW = 0.023). In the acentric octahedra of the latter compound the intermediate distance is averaged from the splitted lengths 192.7(4)/196.8(1) pm of axes along the c direction.
    Notes: Von Einkristallen der tetragonalen Verbindungen K2CuF4 (a = 414,7(2), c = 1273(3) pm) und K3Cu2F7 (a = 415,6(3), c = 2052(3) pm), die röntgenographisch keine Überstrukturreflexe zeigten, wurden die Kristallstrukturen unter Zugrundelegung der Raumgruppe I4/mmm des K2NiF4- bzw. Sr3Ti2O7-Typs bestimmt. Aus den Formen der F0-Fouriermaxima an den Stellen der die Oktaeder zu Schichten verknüpfenden Fluoratome wurde auf Fehlordnung der Brükkenliganden geschlossen, die von einer Multidomänenstruktur herrührt und unter Annahme halbbesetzter höherzähliger Punktlagen verfeinert werden kann. Das Ergebnis bestätigte die Jahn-Teller-Verzerrung zu gestreckten Oktaedern mit signifikanter orthorhombischer Komponente: Cu—F = 190,9(7)/193,9(2)/223,8(7) pm in K2CuF4 (RW = 0,020) und 190,0(7)/194,7/225,6(7) pm in K3Cu2F7 (RW = 0,023). In den azentrischen Oktaedern der letztgenannten Verbindung setzt sich der mittlere Abstand aus entlang der c-Richtung aufgespaltenen Achslängen von 192,7(4)/196,8(1) pm zusammen.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie 406 (1974), S. 23-37 
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Crystal Structure of the Quaternary Fluoride BaLiCrF6The crystal structure of the monoclinic compound BaLiCrF6 was determined (a = 5.397, b = 10.355, c = 8.638 Å, β = 90.72°; SG P21/c, z = 4. R = 5.7% for all 1561 automatically recorded single crystal reflections hkl). The structure contains icosahedra of BaF12 (Ba-F = 2.890 Å) within a framework built up of isolated LiF4-tetrahedral (Li-F = 1.868 Å) and CrF6-octahedra (Cr-F = 1.903 Å) mutually linked by corners. All polyhedra are distorted. Structural relations and the variation of distances about the mean values given are discussed.
    Notes: Die Kristallstruktur der monoklinen Verbindung BaLiCrF6 wurde bestimmt (a = 5,397, b = 10,355, c = 8,638 Å, β = 90,72°; RG P21/c, z = 4. R = 5,7% für alle 1561 automatisch registrierten Einkristall-Reflexe hkl). Die Struktur enthält BaF12-Ikosaeder (Ba-F = 2,890 Å) innerhalb eines Raumnetzes, das aus isolierten LiF4-Tetraedern (Li-F = 1,868 Å) und CrF6-Oktaedern (Cr-F = 1,903 Å) besteht, die gegenseitig über Ecken miteinander verknüpft sind. Alle Polyeder sind verzerrt. Strukturbeziehungen sowie die Variation der Abstände um die angegebenen Mittelwerte werden diskutiert.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie 406 (1974), S. 38-44 
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Investigation of Quaternary Fluorides LiMIIMIIIF6. Some Compounds of the BaLiCrF6 TypeSome monoclinically crystallizing compounds BaLiMIIIF6 (MIII = Al, Ga, Cr, V, Fe, Ti) are reported. Part of the lithium, which is tetrahedrally coordinated in the BaLiCrF6-type structures, could be replaced by Co(II) ions in solid solutions BaLiGaF6/KCoGaF6. The reflectance spectrum of tetrahedral CoF42- is given.
    Notes: Es wird über eine Reihe monoklin kristallisierender Verbindungen der Zusammensetzung BaLiMIIIF6 (MIII = Al, Ga, Cr, V, Fe, Ti) berichtet. Das in den Strukturen vom BaLiCrF6-Typ tetraedrisch koordiniert vorliegende Lithium ließ sich in Mischkristallen BaLiGaF6/KCoGaF6 partiell durch Co(II)-Ionen ersetzen. Das Reflexionsspektrum von tetraedrischem CoF42- wird mitgeteilt.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Relations of Distances and Coordination in the Layer Structures of the Ternary Fluorides K2MF4 and K3M2F7 (MII = Mg, Mn, Co=Zn)Results of X-ray single crystal structure refinements of the compounds K2MF4 (M = Mg, Mn, Co, Ni) and K3M2F7 (M = Mn, Co, Ni), all crystallizing in the tetragonal space group I4/mmm of the K2NiF4 and Sr3Ti2O7 type, resp., are reported. The distances obtained are discussed, including data of the compounds with M = Cu, Zn. The influence of the KF9 coordination is made responsible for the fact, that the octahedral MF6 dimensions are much the same as in the corresponding perovskites KMF3. The shortest K—F distance of this KF9 group, occuring in both layer structure types, decreases against lattice widening from 263.4 pm (K2MgF4) to 258.0 pm (K2MnF4). The charge ratio calculated from the KF9 coordination for the unlike bonded anions leads to a better balanced charge distribution in the K2MF4 type, as is obtained by applying Pauling's rules.
    Notes: Ergebnisse röntgenographischer Einkristallstrukturverfeinerungen an den im K2NiF4- bzw. Sr3Ti2O7-Typ kristallisierenden Verbindungen K2MF4 (M = Mg, Mn, Co, Ni) und K3M2F7 (M = Mn, Co, Ni), die alle der tetragonalen Raumgruppe I4/mmm angehören, werden mitgeteilt. Die resultierenden Abstandsdaten werden unter Einbeziehung der Verbindungen mit M = Cu, Zn diskutiert. Die weitgehend den zugehörigen Perowskiten KMF3 entsprechenden Abstandsverhältnisse in den MF6-Oktaedern werden dem Einfluß der KF9-Koordination zugeschrieben, deren kürzester Abstand K—F in beiden Schichtstrukturtypen entgegen der Gitteraufweitung von 263,4 pm (K2MgF4) auf 258,0 pm (K2MnF4) abnimmt. Das aus der KF9-Koordination berechnete Ladungsverhältnis der ungleich gebundenen Anionen führt zu einer ausgeglicheneren Ladungsbilanz für den K2MF4-Typ, als die Anwendung der Paulingschen Regeln.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: On Usovites Ba2MIIM′IIM2IIIF14 and the High Pressure Phases of BaMnVF7 and BaMnFeF7: Compounds with BaMnGaF7 StructureThe results of complete single crystal structure determinations of the monoclinic BaMnGaF7 type compounds Ba2CaCoV2F14 (and Ba2CdMn Fe2F14) are reported: C2/c, Z = 4, a = 1369.7 (1381.2), b = 538.4 (537.2), c = 1491.6 (1489.5) pm, β = 91.49 (91.11)°, Rg = 0.036 (0.038) for 4389 (2521) reflections. The atoms Ca/Co (Cd/Mn) distribute not completely ordered on the 8- and 6-coordinated sites of this “usovite” structure (Ba2CaMgAl2F14). This is also evident for Cd/Fe from Mössbauer spectra of Ba2CdFeAl2F14. The lattice constants of this and further seven compounds Ba2MIIM′IIM2IIIF14 (MII = Ca, Cd; M′II = Mg, Mn—Cu; MII = Al, Ga) are given. Two novel representatives of the same structure with MII = M′II = Mn could be prepared in the form of the high pressure phases of BaMn VF7 and BaMnFeF7. The magnetic properties of both modifications of the iron compound and of BaMnGaF7 are reported and discussed.
    Notes: Die Ergebnisse vollständiger Einkristallstrukturbestimmungen an den monoklin im BaMnGaF7-Typ kristallisierenden Verbindungen Ba2CaCoV2F14 (und Ba2CdMnFe2F14), werden mitgeteilt: C2/c, Z = 4, a = 1369,7 (1381,2), b = 538,4 (537,2), c = 1491,6 (1489,5) pm, β = 91,49 (91,11)°, Rg = 0,036 (0,038) für 4389 (2521) Reflexe. Die Atome Ca/Co (Cd/Mn) sind nicht vollständig geordnet auf die 8- und 6fach koordinierten Plätze dieser “Usovitstruktur” (Ba2CaMgAl2F14) verteilt. Das zeigen auch Mößbauer-spektroskopische Untersuchungen für Cd/Fe in Ba2CdFeAl2F14. Die Gitterkonstanten dieser und weiterer sieben Fluoride Ba2MIIM′IIM2IIIF14 (MII = Ca,Cd; M′II = Mg, Mn—Cu; MIII = Al, Ga) werden angegeben. Zwei neue Vertreter derselben Struktur mit MII = M′II = Mn konnten in Form der Hochdruckphasen von BaMnVF7 und BaMnFeF7 dargestellt werden. Die magnetischen Eigenschaften beider Modifikationen der Eisenverbindung und von BamnGaF7 werden mitgetwilt und diskutiert.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie 523 (1985), S. 89-98 
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Crystal Structure of the Compounds BaCaGaF7 and BaCaCrF7The isostructural fluorides BaCaGaF7 and BaCaCrF7 (values in parentheses) crystallize monoclinically in space group P2/n, Z = 4: a = 539.0 (539.8), b = 541.0 (542.2), c = 1897.8 (1900.6) pm, β = 92.33 (92.10)°. Complete X-ray single crystal structure determinations showed, that the compounds are built up from triple layers [CaF8/2 · MF3]2-, which consist of a central sheet of edge-sharing CaF8/22- polyhedra (distorted square antiprisms) with MIIIF6octahedra condensed on it at both sides and which are held together by 12-coordinated barium ions. The resulting average distances are: Ga—F = 187.8 (Cr—F = 189.4) pm, Ca — F = 236.2 (236.2) pm, Ba—F = 289.4 (289.4) pm. Some relations to the structures of other fluorides are discussed.
    Notes: Die isostrukturellen Fluoride BaCaGaF7 und BaCaCrF7 ( Werte in Klammern) kristallisieren monoklin in der Raumgruppe P2/n, Z = 4: a = 539,0 (539,8), b = 541,0 (542,2), c = 1897,8 (1900,6) pm, β = 92,33 (92,10)°. Vollständige röntgenographische Einkristallstrukturbestimmungen zeigten, daß sie aus Dreierschichten [CaF8/2 · MF3]2- aufgebaut sind, die aus einer zentralen Schicht kantenverknüpfter CaF8/22--Polyeder (verzerrte quadratische Antiprismen) mit beidseitig aufgesetzten MIIIF6-Oktaedern bestehen und durch Bariumionen in Zwölferkoordination zusammengehalten werden. Als mittlere Abstände resultierten: Ga—F = 187,8 (Cr—F = 189,4) pm, Ca—F = 236,2 (236,5) pm, Ba—F = 289,4 (289,4) pm, Beziehungen zu den Strukturen verwandter Fluoride werden diskutiert.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Tetragonal Fluoroperovskites AM0,75 □ 0,25F3 Deficient in Cations: K4MnIIM2IIIF12 and Ba2Cs2Cu3F12By heating 2KMnF3 + K2MnF6 and BaF2, CsF + CuF2 respectively, the isostructural tetragonal compounds K4Mn3F12 (a = 832.2, c = 1643.0 pm) and Ba2Cs2Cu3F12 (a = 854.1, c = 1704.1 pm) were prepared. They crystallize in a cation-deficient perovskite structure exhibiting ordering of octahedral vacancies. Single crystal structures determinations in the space group I41/amd, Z = 4, yielded the following average distances within the octahedra, which are Jahn-Teller distorted for MnIII and CuII:MnII—F = 208.3 pm, MnIII—F = 4 × 183.0/2 × 209.7 pm; Cu—F = 190.7/227.1 and 190.6/236.4 pm, respectively. The results are discussed in comparison with related compounds.
    Notes: Durch Erhitzen von 2KMnF3 + K2MnF6 bzw. von BaF2, CsF und CuF2 wurden die isostrukturellen tetragonalen Verbindungen K4Mn3F12 (a = 832,2, c = 1643,0 pm) bzw. Ba2Cs2Cu3F12 (a = 854,1, c = 1704,1 pm) hergestellt. Sie kristallisieren in einer kationendefizitären Perowskitstruktur mit geordneter Verteilung der zu einem Viertel unbesetzten Oktaederlücken. Die Einkristallstrukturbestimmungen in der Raumgruppe I41/amd, Z = 4, ergaben folgende mittlere Abstände in den für MnIII and CuII Jahn-Teller-verzerrten Oktaedern: MnII - F = 208,3 pm, MnIII—F = 4 × 183,0/2 × 209,7 pm; Cu—F = 190,7/227,1 bzw. 190,6/236,4 pm. Die Resultate werden im Vergleich mit verwandten Verbindungen diskutiert.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Cesium copper(II) fluoride, CsCu2F5 ; crystal structure ; magnetism ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Structure of Cesium-containing Fluorides. IX. CsCu2F5, a Compound exhibiting Coordination Numbers 4, 5, and 6 for Copper(II)Single crystals of the monoclinic compound CsCu2F5 (a = 713.5, b = 738.6, c = 950.2 pm, β = 97.19°; P21/n, Z = 4) were prepared and their structure determined by X-ray methods (wR = 0.045 for 2140 independent reflections). Besides of square planar and elongated octahedral [CuFn] units (average Cu—F = 190.3 resp. 195.0/221.9 pm), the structure exhibits the first example of [CuF5] coordination, which is a distorted square pyramide (Cu—F = 190.7/221.6 pm). Relations to the pyrochlore structure are discussed, as well as the linking of polyhedra and the bridge angles Cu—F—Cu in context with the antiferromagnetic properties (TN = 54 K), which were found by powder susceptibility measurements.
    Notes: Einkristalle der monoklinen Verbindung CsCu2F5 (a = 713,5, b = 738,6, c = 950,2 pm, β = 97,19°; P21/n, Z = 4) wurden dargestellt und ihre Struktur röntgenographisch bestimmt (wR = 0,045 für 2140 unabhängige Reflexe). Neben quadratisch planaren und gestreckt oktaedrischen [CuFn]-Baugruppen (Mittelwerte Cu—F = 190,3 bzw. 195,0/221,9 pm) zeigt die Struktur das erste Beispiel einer [CuF5]-Koordination in Form einer verzerrten quadratischen Pyramide (Cu—F = 190,7/221,6 pm). Beziehungen zur Pyrochlorstruktur werden diskutiert, sowie die Vernetzung der Polyeder und die Brückenwinkel Cu—F—Cu im Zusammenhang mit den antiferromagnetischen Eigenschaften (TN = 54 K), die durch Suszeptibilitätsmessungen an Pulvern ermittelt wurden.
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