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  • Other Sources  (6)
  • ASTRONOMY  (3)
  • Space Radiation  (3)
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  • Other Sources  (6)
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  • 1
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: An investigation of the intensity fluctuations of 28 pulsars near 0.4 GHz indicates that spectra of interstellar scintillation are consistent with a Gaussian shape, that scintillation indices are near unity, and that the scintillation bandwidth depends linearly on dispersion measure. Observations at cm wavelengths show that the observer is in the near field of the scattering medium for objects with the lowest dispersion measures, and confirm the steep dependence of correlation bandwidth on dispersion measure found by Sutton (1971). The variations of scattering parameters with dispersion measure may indicate that the rms deviation of thermal electron density on the scale of 10 to the 11th cm grows with path length through the galaxy.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astronomy and Astrophysics; 43; 3, Oc; Oct. 197
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-07-17
    Description: We have conducted a study of two rotation- powered pulsars that emit at both radio and x-ray wavelengths, PSR B0531+21 and PSR B1929+10. Using absolute phase information, we have phase-aligned x-ray and radio profiles from these pulsars. Observations were done using the Green Bank 140ft telescope, and ASCA. The 0531+21 X-ray profile is sharp and lines up well with the radio profile confirming that the X-ray emission from this pulsar is magnetospheric in origin. The 1929+10 profile is approximately sinusoidal with the peak of the emission arriving 67+/-23 degrees after the maximum in the radio emission. The controversy to which the PSR B1929+10 result adds fuel, is whether this "inter" -pulsar, is an "aligned" or "orthogonal" rotator -- describing the alignment of the magnetic axis to the rotation axis. Do the two peaks in the radio profile (the pulse and interpulse) come from a double crossing of a thin hollow cone nearly aligned with rotation axis, or alternatively do they come from from opposite poles of an "orthogonal" rotator where the spin axis is perpendicular to the magnetic axis? The radio to X-ray alignment we find favors the former explanation: if the X-ray hot spot is the result of return currents to the surface from the outward current that generates radio emission, then in the "double-crossing" model, the hot spot phase is expected to lie between the main pulse and interpulse as observed.
    Keywords: Space Radiation
    Type: The New X-Ray/Gamma-Ray Pulsars; 10; CAL-3332
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-10
    Description: We report the discovery with the 100m Green Bank Telescope of 65 ms radio pulsations from the X-ray pulsar J0205+6449 at the center of supernova remnant 3C58, making this possibly the youngest radio pulsar known. From our observations at frequencies of 820 and 1375 MHz, the free electron column density to USSR J0205+6449 is found to be 140.7 +/- 0.3/cc pc. The barycentric pulsar period P and P(dot) determined from a phase-coherent timing solution are consistent with the values previously measured from X-ray observations. The averaged radio profile of USSR J0205+6449 consists of one sharp pulse of width = 3 ms = 0.05 P. The pulsar is an exceedingly weak radio source, with pulse-averaged flux density in the 1400 MHz band of approximately 45 micro-Jy and a spectral index of approximately -2.1. Its radio luminosity of approximately 0.5 may kpc(exp 2) at 1400 MHz is lower than that of approximately 99% of known pulsar and is the lowest among known young pulsars.
    Keywords: Space Radiation
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: We discuss PSR J1740 + 1000, one of five pulsars recently discovered in a search of 470 deg at 430 MHz during the upgrade of the 305 m Arecibo Telescope. The period P = 154 ms and period derivative P = 2.1 x 10(exp -14) s s(exp -1) imply a spin-down age tau(sub s) = P/2P = 114 kyr that is smaller than 95% of all known pulsars. The youth and proximity of this pulsar make it a good candidate for detection at X-ray and gamma-ray energies. Its high Galactic latitude (b = 20.4 deg) suggests a very high velocity if the pulsar was born in the midplane of the Galaxy and if its kinematic age equals its spin-down age. Interstellar scintillations, however, suggest a much lower velocity. We discuss possible explanations for this discrepancy, taking into account (1) possible birth sites away from the midplane; (2) contributions from the unmeasured radial velocity; (3) a kinematic age different from the spin-down age; and (4) biasing of the scintillation velocity by enhanced scattering from the North Polar Spur.
    Keywords: Space Radiation
    Type: The Astrophysical Journal; 564; 33-342
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-06-27
    Description: An analysis of pulsar average waveforms at radio frequencies from 40 MHz to 15 GHz is presented. The analysis is based on the hypothesis that the observer sees one cut of a hollow-cone beam pattern and that stationary properties of the emission vary over the cone. The distributions of apparent cone widths for different observed forms of the average pulse profiles (single, double/unresolved, double/resolved, triple and multiple) are in modest agreement with a model of a circular hollow-cone beam with random observer-spin axis orientation, a random cone axis-spin axis alignment, and a small range of physical hollow-cone parameters for all objects.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: NASA-TM-X-70917 , X-693-75-138
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: Observations of 12 compact extragalactic sources were made at 2695 and 8085 MHz in order to detect weak intensity fluctuations caused by interstellar scintillation. Pulsar data are used to estimate the parameters of the interstellar medium needed to interpret the measured upper limits in terms of source angular diameters which are much larger than the scintillation cutoff diameter. It is shown that the observed source rms brightness temperatures are less than 10 to the 15th K and 10 to the 14th K at 2695 and 8085 MHz, respectively, making self-absorbed proton-synchroton radiation and high-brightness coherent mechanisms unlikely. If the sources are composed of 'point' components, each source can contain no fewer than 10,000 such components.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 197; Apr. 1
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