A general neutral exosphere model, which includes density and temperature variations at the exobase, is applied to the moon to obtain surface and radial density distributions for H, H2, and He. It is assumed that the source for these constituents derives from accretion of solar wind ions. The surface distributions are determined by requiring that the sum of the neutral and solar wind ion fluxes for a given constituent vanish at all points on the surface. On this basis, maximum dayside surface densities for H, H2, and He and maximum nightside surface densities for H, H2, and He are obtained that are consistent with either measured values or upper limits. In addition, model ion density distributions for H2(+) and He(+) are constructed. This ion exosphere is produced by ionization of the neutral exosphere in the solar wind, which efficiently sweeps the ions past or onto the lunar surface. Saturated H2(+) and He(+) densities ranging from about .001 to .015 per cu cm and .00003 to .0004 per cu cm over 1.5 to 3 selenocentric radii on the dayside, respectively.
Journal of Geophysical Research; 79; Apr. 1