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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Na-K-ATPase ; Cell-membrane area ; Renal distal tubule ; Cortical collecting duct ; Mineralocorticoids ; Rabbit
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Na-K-ATPase activity was measured in the convoluted part of the distal tubule (DCT), the connecting tubule (CNT) and the cortical collecting duct (CCD). The segments were microdissected from freeze-dried kidney tissue of rabbits adapted to various salt diets and exposed to large differences in endogenous and exogeneous mineralocorticoids. The Na-K-ATPase activity in the DCT is not influenced by mineralocorticoids. They do influence the activity in the CNT and in the CCD. In the CNT the highest activity was found with a low Na-, high K-diet. At the beginning of the CNT the enzyme activity is higher than in the end portion. While canrenoate-K treatment has no effect on Na-K-ATPase activity in the initial portions of the CNT, this drug decreases the Na-K-ATPase activity significantly in the end portion of the CNT. DOCA treatment has a significant effect on the enzyme activity in the CNT only in the end-portion of the segment, but provokes the highest Na-K-ATPase activity in the CCD. The changes in Na-K-ATPase are found to be associated with corresponding changes in the baso-lateral cell-membrane area in the segments affected.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Renal distal tubule ; Cortical collecting duct ; Cell membrane area ; Mineralocorticoids ; K- and Na-adaptation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The baso-lateral cell-membrane area in kidney tubules appears to be associated with the capacity for electrolyte transport; in the rabbit, it decreases from the distal convoluted tubule (DCT-cells) over the connecting tubule (CNT-cells) to the cortical collecting duct (principal cells). Adaptation to low Na-, high K-intake changes this pattern: CNT-cells at the beginning of the connecting tubule have the highest membrane area, which decreases along the segment, but remains two-fold higher than in controls. Principal cells have a four-fold higher membrane area than in controls. Simultaneous treatment with the antimineralocorticoid canrenoate-K inhibits the structural changes in CNT-cells only in end-portions of the connecting tubule and in principal cells. After prolonged high Na-, low K-intake DCT-cells display a two-fold higher membrane area than controls, while CNT-cells and principal cells are not affected. Simultaneous treatment with DOCA does not affect the DCT-cells but provokes a moderate increase in membrane area in CNT-cells, and a 5.5-fold increase in principal cells. The data provide evidence that DCT-, CNT- and principal cells are functionally different cell types. The baso-lateral cell-membrane area, associated with electrolyte-transport capacity, appears to be influenced in DCT-cells mainly by Na-intake, in CNT-cells mainly by K-intake and in part also by mineralocorticoids, and in principal cells mainly by mineralocorticoids.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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