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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2016-02-08
    Description: Renewable energy sources and increased energy efficiency are not only crucial for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and other negative impacts of conventional energy supply; they also hold enormous economic opportunity. Significant and dynamically growing sectors have emerged in the area of renewable energy over the last several years. In 2010, 26.6 billion euros were invested in Germany alone in renewable energy facilities. Altogether, renewable energy sources created 35.5 billion euros in demand for the German economy. Gross employment in the area of renewable energy is estimated at 367,400 persons for 2010. Likewise, the net economic balance for the expansion of renewables is positive. Model calculations conducted by DIW Berlin show that the gross domestic product is by 2.9 percent higher in 2030 in the Expansion Scenario than following a Null Scenario with no expansion. Depending on the labor market conditions, the net employment effects appear to be weak to moderate, but in any case positive. These scenario calculations also illustrate that the impact of the expansion differs across sectors. Furthermore, the transition from the current energy supply regime to one where renewable energy sources contribute a large share and energy efficiency has been substantially increased will require a structural change in business and the working world that will have to be followed closely in the future.
    Keywords: Q43 ; Q52 ; ddc:330 ; renewable energy ; economic impacts ; structural change ; Germany
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-02-08
    Description: Achieving the objectives of the German governments 2010 Energy Concept and the accelerated phase-out of nuclear energy will require significant investment in restructuring energy supply. In particular, this includes investment in installations for the use of renewable energy sources in the power and heating sector, as well as in the infrastructure, such as power grids. In addition, substantial investment is needed to improve energy efficiency, for example, by insulating buildings. Model calculations by DIW Berlin show that the transformation of the energy sector is likely to have a sustained positive effect on added value in Germany. Furthermore, this investment will lead to substantial savings of primary fossil energy sources. This is also accompanied by a reduction in energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. The existing framework for investment in renewable power generation and electricity grids is largely appropriate and should, in principle, be maintained in the near future. Accelerating the rate of the energy-efficient building refurbishment, however, will require additional incentives.
    Keywords: Q42 ; Q43 ; Q48 ; Q52 ; ddc:330 ; energy transition ; investment ; renewable energy ; energy efficiency
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2016-02-08
    Description: As part of the energy transition process, the German government has set far-reaching energy efficiency targets, including doubling the annual rate of building renovation to upgrade energy performance from one to two percent. DIW Berlin has estimated the additional energy-savings-related investment required to meet these targets and analyzed the impact this could have on the economy. In the long term, the savings on household energy bills far exceed the additional investment. This, combined with further measures to increase energy efficiency in other sectors, substantially reduces energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Even allowing for some elements of uncertainty, these measures to improve energy efficiency have a positive impact on income and domestic demand. They could also result in significantly positive effects on employment, depending on the ratio of productivity gains and new jobs. Nevertheless, the most recent savings are not nearly enough to achieve the German government's energy efficiency targets. Clear and reliable framework conditions are needed soon to increase the number of buildings being renovated to upgrade energy performance. Given the present analyses, which indicate that forcing the pace of energy efficiency improvements has a positive impact on German economic growth and employment, the government's hesitation seems even less justified.
    Keywords: Q41 ; Q43 ; Q48 ; ddc:330 ; energy efficiency ; economic impacts ; Germany
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 4
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: The increasing utilization of renewable energy sources (RES) is a major energy policy strategy in many countries worldwide. Germany is a forerunner in the deployment of RES and has ambitious goals for the future. The support and use of renewables affects the economy: It creates business opportunities in sectors producing renewable energy facilities, but comes with costs related to supporting its deployment. This paper analyses and quantifies the net balance of economic effects associated with renewable energy deployment in Germany until 2030. To this end, we use a novel model, the ‘Sectoral Energy-Economic Econometric Model’. This is an econometric multi-country model which, for Germany, contains a detailed representation of industries, including 14 renewable energy technology sectors. Our results show that renewable energy expansion can be achieved without compromising growth or employment. The analysis reveals a positive net effect on economic growth in Germany. Net employment effects are small, but also positive. Their size depends strongly on labour market conditions and policies. Results at the industry level indicate the size and direction of the need for restructuring across the sectors of the Germany economy.
    Description: This is the preprint of an article published in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 40 (2014), pp. 1070-1080, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.134
    Keywords: Q43 ; Q52 ; C5 ; ddc:330 ; Renewable energy ; Net economic effects ; Germany ; Energieversorgung ; Erneuerbare Ressourcen ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2016-02-08
    Description: Um die Ziele des Energiekonzepts der Bundesregierung von 2010 und des beschleunigten Ausstiegs aus der Kernenergie zu erreichen, bedarf es erheblicher Investitionen zum Umbau der Energieversorgung. Dazu gehören insbesondere Investitionen in Anlagen zur Nutzung erneuerbarer Energien im Strom- und Wärmebereich und des Weiteren in Infrastruktur, wie zum Beispiel die Stromnetze. Zudem sind umfangreiche Investitionen zur Erhöhung der Energieeffizienz erforderlich, beispielsweise durch Wärmedämmung von Gebäuden. Modellrechnungen des DIW Berlin zeigen, dass sich der Umbau der Energieversorgung dauerhaft positiv auf die Wertschöpfung in Deutschland auswirken kann. Darüber hinaus ermöglichen diese Investitionen eine erhebliche Einsparung fossiler Primärenergieträger. Damit verbunden ist auch die Senkung energiebedingter Treibhausgasemissionen. Die bestehenden Rahmenbedingungen für Investitionen in erneuerbare Stromerzeugung und Stromnetze sind weitgehend angemessen und sollten in nächster Zeit grundsätzlich beibehalten werden. Die Beschleunigung der energetischen Gebäudesanierung erfordert dagegen zusätzliche Anreize.
    Description: Achieving the objectives of the German government's 2010 Energy Concept and the accelerated phase-out of nuclear energy will require significant investment in restructuring energy supply. In particular, these include investments in facilities for the use of renewable energies in the power and heating sector, as well as in infrastructure, such as power grids. In addition, substantial investment is needed to improve energy efficiency, for example, by insulating buildings. Model calculations by DIW Berlin show that a restructuring of energy supply could have a permanently positive effect on added value in Germany. Furthermore, these investments will lead to substantial savings of primary fossil energy sources. This is also accompanied by a reduction in energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. The existing framework conditions for investment in renewable power generation and electricity grids are largely appropriate and should, in principle, be maintained in the near future. Accelerating the refurbishment of buildings with energy-saving measures, however, will require additional incentives.
    Keywords: Q42 ; Q43 ; Q48 ; Q52 ; ddc:330 ; energy transition ; investment ; renewable energy ; energy efficiency
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2016-02-08
    Description: Im Zuge der Energiewende hat die Bundesregierung weitreichende Energieeffizienzziele definiert. Für die energetische Sanierung des Bestandes an Wohngebäuden wird eine Verdopplung der jährlichen Sanierungsrate von ein auf zwei Prozent angestrebt. Das DIW Berlin hat die hierfür notwendigen energiebedingten Mehrinvestitionen abgeschätzt und deren volkswirtschaftliche Wirkungen analysiert. Längerfristig übersteigen die eingesparten Energieausgaben der privaten Haushalte die Mehrinvestitionen deutlich. Zusammen mit weiteren Maßnahmen zur Steigerung der Energieeffizienz in anderen Bereichen können der Energieverbrauch und die Treibhausgasemissionen kräftig gesenkt werden. Die Maßnahmen zur Beschleunigung der Energieeffizienz können sich auch unter Berücksichtigung verschiedener Unsicherheitsfaktoren positiv auf Einkommen und inländische Nachfrage auswirken. Je nach dem Verhältnis von Produktivitätssteigerungen und Neueinstellungen kann es auch zu erheblichen positiven Beschäftigungseffekten kommen. Die Einsparerfolge der jüngeren Vergangenheit reichen jedoch bei weitem nicht aus, um die Energieeffizienzziele der Bundesregierung zu verwirklichen. Die Steigerung der energetischen Gebäudesanierung erfordert schnell klare und verlässliche Rahmenbedingungen. Das Zögern der Politik erscheint umso weniger gerechtfertigt, als die hier vorgestellten Analysen belegen, dass eine Forcierung der Energieeffizienz für die deutsche Volkswirtschaft positive Wachstums- und Beschäftigungseffekte haben kann.
    Description: As part of the energy transition process, the German government has set far-reaching energy efficiency targets, including doubling the annual energy-efficient refurbishment rate for existing residential buildings from one to two percent. DIW Berlin has estimated the additional energy-related investment required to meet these targets and analyzed the impact this could have on the economy. In the long term, the savings on household energy bills far exceed the additional investment. This, combined with further measures to increase energy efficiency in other sectors, substantially reduces energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Even allowing for some elements of uncertainty, these measures to improve energy efficiency have a positive impact on income and domestic demand. They could also result in significantly positive effects on employment, depending on the ratio of productivity gains and new jobs. Nevertheless the most recent savings are not nearly enough to achieve the German government's energy efficiency targets. Clear and reliable framework conditions are needed soon to increase the number of buildings being refurbished for energy efficiency. Given the present analyses, which indicate that forcing the pace of energy efficiency improvements has a positive impact on German economic growth and employment, the government's hesitation seems even less justified.
    Keywords: Q41 ; Q43 ; Q48 ; ddc:330 ; energy efficiency ; economic impacts ; Germany
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2017-02-22
    Description: Der starke Ausbau erneuerbarer Energien führt in Deutschland zu Nachfrageimpulsen und verringert die Einfuhr konventioneller Brennstoffe. Allerdings sind mit dem Ausbau auch gegenläufige Substitutions- und Kosteneffekte verbunden, die für sich genommen die Konsummöglichkeiten vermindern können. Das DIW Berlin hat die volkswirtschaftliche Nettobilanz dieser Wirkungen bis zum Jahr 2030 mit einem neu entwickelten Modell untersucht. Aus dieser Analyse ergeben sich positive ökonomische Nettoeffekte: Das Wirtschaftswachstum ist deutlich höher als in einem Szenario ohne erneuerbare Energien. Dies wirkt sich auch positiv auf die Beschäftigung aus.
    Keywords: Q43 ; Q52 ; C5 ; ddc:330 ; Renewable energy ; Econometric modelling ; Employment effects ; Germany ; Förderung erneuerbarer Energien ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Beschäftigungseffekt ; Schätzung ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2017-02-22
    Description: Erneuerbare Energien und eine Steigerung der Energieeffizienz können nicht nur entscheidend dazu beitragen, Treibhausgasemissionen und andere negative Effekte der konventionellen Energieversorgung zu vermindern, sie eröffnen auch enorme wirtschaftliche Chancen. Im Bereich der erneuerbaren Energien sind in den letzten Jahren bedeutende und stark wachsende Branchen entstanden. Im Jahr 2010 wurden in Deutschland 26,6 Milliarden Euro in Anlagen zur Nutzung erneuerbarer Energien investiert. Insgesamt ging von erneuerbaren Energien ein Nachfrageimpuls für die deutsche Wirtschaft von 35,5 Milliarden Euro aus. Die Bruttobeschäftigung im Bereich der erneuerbaren Energien wird für das Jahr 2010 auf 367 400 Personen geschätzt. Auch die ökonomische Nettobilanz des Ausbaus der erneuerbaren Energien fällt positiv aus. Modellrechnungen des DIW Berlin zufolge liegt das Bruttoinlandsprodukt in einem "Ausbauszenario" im Jahr 2030 um 2,9 Prozent höher als in einem "Nullszenario" ohne Ausbau. In Abhängigkeit von den Verhältnissen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt ergeben sich schwache bis moderate, aber durchweg positive Nettobeschäftigungseffekte. Die Szenariorechnungen verdeutlichen auch, dass sich der Ausbau unterschiedlich auf die Beschäftigung in den einzelnen Wirtschaftszweigen auswirkt. Darüber hinaus bedingt der Umbau der Energieversorgung hin zu hohen Anteilen erneuerbarer Energien und einer erhöhten Energieeffizienz einen Strukturwandel in Wirtschaft und Arbeitswelt, der künftig verstärkt beachtet werden muss.
    Keywords: Q43 ; Q52 ; ddc:330 ; Renewable energy ; economic impacts ; structural change ; Germany
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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