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  • 1
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Double-cantilever beam cleavage specimens are very useful in characterizing the fracture behavior of isotropic, homogeneous, brittle, and semibrittle polymers. However, until this time they have not been used for ductile materials such as rubber-modified polymers or polycarbonates because of excessive yielding or breakage of the specimen arms before crack propagation can occur. In order to make it possible to measure the fracture surface work of these materials, a new sandwich cleavage specimen was developed by bonding rigid reinforcement plates to both sides of the specimen sheet. With this sandwich-tapered double-cantilever beam cleavage specimen, one can create conditions under which controlled crack propagation through tough ductile materials and measurement of the fracture surface work-two previously unobtainable results-are readily determined. In this paper, the design and construction of the sandwich specimens, test procedure, and the data analysis will be discussed in detail.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-9304
    Keywords: Diopside ; biocompatibility ; osteogenic cell (MC3T3-E1) ; biomechanical strength ; apatite wollastonite-containing glass-ceramic (AWGC) ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: Diopside was prepared by sintering a powder compact composed of CaMgSi2O6 at 1573K for 2 h. In order to clarify the biocompatibility of Diopside, the cytotoxicity of Diopside against the osteogenic cell line MC3T3-E1 and the bone-Diopside interface strength were examined. On both the 14th and 21st days of incubation of MC3T3-E1 cells with Diopside, ALP activities were not significantly lower than those of the CTRL. TEM photographs of MC3T3-E1 on Diopside after 14 days of incubation showed active secretion of crystals from osteoblast-like cells. Scanning electron microscopic analysis showed that the cells on Diopside formed multiple cell layers similar to those on the CTRL both 14 and 21 days after incubation. These results showed that Diopside had no cytotoxic effect on MC3T3-E1. The pulling test showed that failure loads of Diopside were significantly lower than those of AWGC. Histologically, there was no fibrous tissue or foreign body reaction at the bone interface. SEM-EPMA showed that Diopside had attached to the bone via a calcium-phosphorus layer. SEM back-scattered electron imaging showed that the Diopside plate had degraded to a porous state 12 weeks after implantation. These findings indicate that Diopside is a biodegradable ceramic. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res, 37, 100-107, 1997.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York : Wiley-Blackwell
    Die Makromolekulare Chemie 105 (1967), S. 292-295 
    ISSN: 0025-116X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Polymer Science 24 (1957), S. 156-160 
    ISSN: 0022-3832
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: With the use of a sandwich-tapered double-cantilever beam cleavage specimen (described in part I of this series), the fracture surface work of several commercial and experimental acrylic multipolymers has been measured as a function of crack velocity and rubber content. The plots of fracture surface work versus crack velocity clearly exhibit the effects of rate (crack velocity) and rubber concentration on fracture behavior. Specifically, the fracture surface work of specimens with seven different rubber contents has been determined over a crack velocity range from 10-5 meters/sec to approximately 10 meters/sec. For each material, distinct maxima occur in the curves of fracture surface work versus crack velocity. The significance of these observations is discussed.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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