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  • Growth rate  (2)
  • Photoperiodism  (2)
  • Springer  (4)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-5133
    Keywords: Amazonia ; Batoidea ; Brazil ; Captive breeding ; Chondrichthyes ; Colombia ; Elasmobranchii ; Freshwater adaptation ; Growth rate ; Potamotrygonidae
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Synopsis Observations of reproductive features and body measurements were made on wild-caught, freshwater stingrays, Potamotrygon circularis and P. motoro, from the Amazon drainage of western Brazil and southern Colombia. Further observations were made in Detroit's Belle Isle Aquarium on a captive pair of P. motoro and their descendants, which constitute the first known captive breeding colony of potamotrygonids. The gross structure and function of female and male reproductive systems are described. There is no obvious difference between those of the two species. They are aplacentally viviparous, the young being nourished in advanced stages by uterine milk secreted by trophonemata. Size at onset and completion of sexual maturation, breeding season and behavior, gestation period, litter size and sex ratios are discussed. Up to 21 proportional measurements were made on several fetal and postnatal stages of both species. Several proportional changes occur in very early fetal life, but most body proportions undergo only minor changes from advanced fetal through adult stages. A growth curve is proposed for P. motoro based on observations of the captive colony.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-5133
    Keywords: Batoids ; Chondrichthyes ; Costa Rica ; Elasmobranchs ; Euryhalinity ; Freshwater adaptation ; Growth rate ; Isolation of population ; Nicaragua
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Synopsis Of a total of 377 Pristis perotteti tagged in the Lake Nicaragua-Río San Juan System, 214 (56.8% were recovered. Eighty were recovered at the original tagging site; four moved downstream the full length of the river; and 127 tagged at the source of the river were recovered in all parts of the lake. Only one was recovered in a different river system, 58 km down the coast from the main mouth of the Río San Juan. A life span of 30 years is suggested, with rapid growth (30–40 cm per year) in the first three years, slowing to about 4 or 5 cm per year in the later years of life. Maximum sizes collected were 384 cm for males, 429 cm for females, smaller than maximum lengths reported elsewhere. The lake sawfish are not physically landlocked, but individuals remain in fresh water for very long periods; parturition takes place in fresh water; all sizes are found in the lake; and it appears that this stock finds all of its ecological needs met in the lake. Individuals may spend all of their lives in fresh water, although, as a species, P. perotteti has not completely abandoned the sea, since some are known to occur in salt water. The Lake Nicaragua-Río San Juan sawfish are a discrete stock, with only limited gene flow with neighboring stocks. P. perotteti is farther along in its adaptation to fresh water, in being able both to osmoregulate and reproduce there, than other known euryhaline elasmobranchs, except for the African stingray, Dasyatis garouaensis, of the Niger-Benue System, and the completely adapted South American freshwater rays (family Potamotrygonidae).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Action spectrum ; Light-grown plants ; Photoperiodism ; Phytochrome (type I) ; Triticum (photoperiodism)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Fluence-rate response curves for wavelengths from 640 nm to 730 nm were constructed for the day-extension promotion of flowering in green, light-grown, wheat (Triticum aestivum L., cv. Alexandria), a long-day plant. The resultant action spectrum had action maxima at 660 nm and 716 nm and resembles spectra for the high-irradiance reaction (HIR) seen in etiolated plants. Because, the HIR is thought to be controlled by type I pytochrome (that which is most abundant in etiolated tissue) our results indicate the involvement of type I phytochrome in the photomorphogenesis of a light-grown, green plant.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Light and plant growth ; Photoperiodism ; Phytochrome (type 1) ; Triticum (phytochrome)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The kinetics of type 1 phytochrome were investigated in green, light-grown wheat. Phytochrome was measured by a quantitative sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using monoclonal antibodies. The assay was capable of detecting down to 150 pg of phytochrome. In red light, rapid first-order destruction of the far-red-light-absorbing form of phytochrome (Pfr) with a half-life of 15 min was observed. Following white light terminated by red, phytochrome synthesis was delayed in darkness by about 15 h compared to plants given a terminal far-red treatment. Synthesis of the red-light-absorbing form of phytochrome (Pr) was zero-order in these experiments. Phytochrome synthesis in far-red light was approximately equal to synthesis in darkness in wheat although net destruction occurred in light-grown Avena sativa tissues in continuous far-red light, as has been reported for other monocotyledons. In wheat, destruction of Pfr apparently did not occur below a certain threshold level of Pfr or Pfr/total phytochrome. These results are consistent with an involvement of type 1 phytochrome in the photoperiodic control of flowering in wheat and other long-day plants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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