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  • Columbite  (1)
  • PACS. 36.40.Jn Reactivity of clusters - 61.48.+c Fullerenes and fullerene-related materials - 79.20.Rf Atomic, molecular, and ion beam impact and interactions with surfaces  (1)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1434-6079
    Keywords: PACS. 36.40.Jn Reactivity of clusters - 61.48.+c Fullerenes and fullerene-related materials - 79.20.Rf Atomic, molecular, and ion beam impact and interactions with surfaces
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract: The emission of small (hydrogenated) carbon cluster ions CnHm + (n =2-22) upon highly charged Xeq+ (q =20-44) impact on C84 surfaces is studied by means of time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry. The respective stage of hydrogenation/protonation of a certain carbon cluster ion Cn + is a strong indication for its geometrical structure. From the cluster ion yield as a function of cluster size it can be concluded, that the hydrogenation takes place after the initial carbon cluster formation. The carbon clusters seem to be emitted as an entity in agreement with “equilibrium” and “shock wave” models.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1438-1168
    Keywords: Tantalum ; Niobium ; Titanium ; Columbite ; Rutile ; Mineralogy ; Geochemistry ; Pegmatite ; Austria ; Ostalpen
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Titan-Ferrocolumbit ist ein seltenes Akzessorium in den Spodumenpegmatiten der Weinebene, Kärnten, Österreich. Er enthält entmischten niobhaltigen Rutil und selten Einschlüsse von möglicherweise primärem Zinnstein. Die Zusammensetzung des TitanFerrocolumbits ist relativ homogen und weist die folgenden Elementverhältnisse auf. Mn/(Mn + Fe) 0,24 – 0,33, Ta/(Ta + Nb) 0,09 – 0,13 (Atomverhältnisse) und 0,47 – 0,88 Ti pro 12 Kationen (2,7 - 5,0Gew.%TiO2). Natürlich auftretende Kristalle sind strukturell merklich ungeordnet und erlangen durch Erhitzen einen höheren Ordnungsgrad. Die Mn/(Mn + Fe) sowie Ta/(Ta + Nb) Verhältnisse des niobhaltigen Rutil betragen 0,00 – 0,04 bzw. 0,26 – 0,38. Der niobhaitige Rutil ist im Vergleich zu Mn- und Nb-führendem Ferrocolumbit an Fe, Ta, Ti und Sn angereichert.—Die Seltenheit von Nb, Ta-Oxiden in den spodumenführenden Pegmatiten der südlichen Ostalpen steht in Übereinstimmung mit ihrer Zugehörigkeit zum Albit-Spodumen Typ der selten-Element-führenden Pegmatite (rare-element pegmatites).
    Notes: Summary Titanian ferrocolumbite is a rare accessory mineral in the spodumene-bearing pegmatites at Weinebene, Carinthia, Austria. It contains abundant exsolved niobian rutile and scarce inclusions of cassiterite that may be primary. The titanian ferrocolumbite is relatively homogeneous with Mn/(Mn + Fe) 0.24–0.33, Ta/(Ta + Nb) 0.09–0.13 (atomic ratios) and 0.47–0.88 Ti per 12 cations (2.7–5.0 wt.% TiO2). Natural specimens are considerably disordered but become more ordered on heating. Niobian rutile has Mn/(Mn + Fe) 0.00–0.04 and Ta/(Ta + Nb) 0.26–0.38; it concentrates Fe, Ta, Ti and Sn relative to the Mn- and Nb-enriched ferrocolumbite. The overall scarcity of Nb, Ta-oxide minerals in the spodumene-bearing pegmatites of southern Ostalpen conforms to their general features ranking them with the albite-spodumene type of rare-element pegmatites.
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