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  • OPTICS  (1)
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: The MSFC's Experimental Vector Magnetograph (EXVM) is an instrument that observes a 4.4 x 8.8 arcmin field of the sun. The transverse and longitudinal components of the surface magnetic field and the line-of-sight velocities of the photospheric gases can be determined from polarimetric and spectral analysis of the 525.02 nm absorption line of Fe 1. The EXVM has been breadboarded and tested in the laboratory. The optics of the EXVM were tested with a point-diffraction (Smartt) interferometer. The 12 inch Cassegrain telescope was found to have 0.20 waves RMS (at 525.02 nm) of aberration. The post-telescope relay optics were nearly diffraction limited on-axis and had about one wave of primary coma as the predominant aberration at full-field. From theoretical modulation transfer function (MTF) curves of known aberrations, it was concluded that the EXVM should attain a maximum spatial resolution of about 0.5 arcseconds. A resolution test target indicated maximum angular resolutions better than 0.6 arcsec on-axis and 0.7 arcsec at full-field-of-view. A 2D inch heliostat (sun-tracking mirror) was used to direct sunlight into the lab and into the EXVM. Solar images obtained were limited by atmospheric seeing effects. During brief moments of good seeing, angular resolutions of about 1 arcsecond were realized with the EXVM.
    Keywords: OPTICS
    Type: NASA-CR-192588 , NAS 1.26:192588
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-06-28
    Description: The need for a validation technique for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes in STOVL applications has led to research efforts to apply infrared thermal imaging techniques to visualize gaseous flow fields. Specifically, a heated, free-jet test facility was constructed. The gaseous flow field of the jet exhaust was characterized using an infrared imaging technique in the 2 to 5.6 micron wavelength band as well as conventional pitot tube and thermocouple methods. These infrared images are compared to computer-generated images using the equations of radiative exchange based on the temperature distribution in the jet exhaust measured with the thermocouple traverses. Temperature and velocity measurement techniques, infrared imaging, and the computer model of the infrared imaging technique are presented and discussed. From the study, it is concluded that infrared imaging techniques coupled with the radiative exchange equations applied to CFD models are a valid method to qualitatively verify CFD codes used in STOVL applications.
    Type: AIAA PAPER 91-0675
    Format: text
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