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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Mutator ; Autonomous elements ; Mapping
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Previous studies of stocks of two Mutator-induced mutable a1 alleles (a1-Mum2 and al-Mum3) gave results consistent with the presence of one or more autonomous elements regulating the expression of mutability. This article reports on the results of studies designed to map these autonomous elements by using a series of waxy marked translocations. Linkage of waxy with autonomous elements was found for a1-Mum2 by using the translocations wx T2-9d, wx T4-9e and wx T4-9b. Several different linkage values were found in crosses involving wx T2-9d, suggesting that autonomous elements have transposed to different locations on chromosome 2. Linkage of autonomous elements with waxy was found for a1-Mum3 using translocation wx T2-9d. Again, several different linkage values were found. Some of these values were the same as those observed for a1-Mum2, but some were unique. In some crosses, the number of autonomous elements increased by one or two unlinked elements in addition to the linked element in one generation (i. e. the generation of the cross to the translocation series). Such an increase in number is probably the result of transposition of the original autonomous element to an independent locus while retaining the autonomous element at the original locus. Reduction in the number of autonomous elements is probably the result of the independent assortment in crosses of plants with two or more autonomous elements.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Transposable elements ; Mutation ; Mutator ; Maize
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The mutagenic activity of the maize transposable element system Mutator can be lost by outcrossing to standard, non-Mutator lines or by repetitive intercrossing of genetically diverse Mutator lines. Lines losing Mutator mutagenic activity in either manner retain high copy numbers (10–15 per diploid genome) of the Mutator-associated Mu transposable elements. Frequent transposition of Mu1-related elements is observed only in active Mutator lines, however. The loss of Mutator activity on intercrossing is correlated with an increase in the copy number of Mu1-like elements to 40–50 per diploid genome, implying a self-encoded or self-activated negative regulator of Mu1 transposition. The outcross loss of Mutator activity is only weakly correlated with a low Mu element copy number and may be due to the loss of a positive regulatory factor encoded by a subset of Mu1-like elements. Transposition of Mu elements in active Mutator lines generates multiple new genomic positions for about half the elements each plant generation. The appearance of Mu1-like elements in these new positions is not accompanied by equally high germinal reversion frequencies, suggesting that Mu1 may commonly transpose via a DNA replicative process.
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