Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Phenylalanine, phenylpyruvate and phenylacetate produced a considerable inhibition of chick liver mevalonate 5-pyrophosphate decarboxylase while mevalonate kinase and mevalonate 5-phosphate kinase were not significantly affected. Phenolic derivatives of phenylalanine produced a similar inhibition of decarboxylase activity than that found in the presence of phenyl metabolites. The degree of inhibition was progressive with increasing concentrations of inhibitors (1.25–5.00 mM). Simultaneous supplementation of different metabolites in conditions similar to those in experimental phenylketonuria (0.25 mM each) produced a clear inhibition of liver decarboxylase and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the in vitro inhibition of both liver regulatory enzymes of cholesterogenesis in phenylketonuria-like conditions. Our results show a lower inhibition of decarboxylase than that of reductase but suggest an important regulatory role of decarboxylase in cholesterol synthesis.
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