Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The lithiation of 2,5-di(tert-butyl)pyrrole (1) yields bis(tetrahydrofuran)lithium 2,5-di(tert-butyl)pyrrolide (2), which is monomeric in solution as well as in the solid state. Due to the coordination number of three for the lithium atom, short Li-O and Li-N bond lengths of 193 pm are observed. The metathesis reaction of 2 with tris(trimethylsilyl)-methylzinc chloride (3) gives colorless bis[tris(trimethyl-silyl)methylzinc] chloride 2,5-di(tert-butyl)pyrrolide (4). The pyrrolide ligand and the chlorine atom bridge the zinc atoms. One of the zinc atoms is bonded to the nitrogen atom of the pyrrolide substituent, while the other bonds to the opposite C-C bond. At 215 pm, the Zn-N bond is very long compared to those in alkylzinc amides, whereas the Zn-C distances lie in the range of Zn-C bond lengths found between zinc and η5-bonded cyclopentadienide ligands. The molecular structures of 1 and of the low-melting THF adduct 1·thf show a similar 2,5-di(tert-butyl)pyrrole molecule, but in the latter case a weak N-H···O bond is observed (N-H 97 pm, O···H 199 pm).
Type of Medium: