Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Poor understanding of the molecular links between disturbed calcium regulation in cells and disease remains a problem of considerable biomedical importance. Dental enamel cells might provide useful insights to this problem since they handle calcium in bulk without suffering its cytotoxic effects. Two practical challenges hindered investigation of calcium handling mechanisms in enamel cells - paucity of molecular information and limited availability of sample from developing rat teeth, the experimental system of choice. This paper outlines the microscale proteomic approaches we applied to overcome these difficulties and reviews several major findings that ensued from initial characterization of the enamel cell proteome. Enamel cells are now established as a powerful model for fundamental calcium research and have provided outcomes of broad biological relevance, including the discovery of a new endoplasmic reticulum protein. Future proteomic approaches that might benefit understanding of function are discussed.
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