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  • 1
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: cell cycle ; cytoplasmic plasma membrane surface ; control of cell proliferation ; proadipocyte stem cells ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Two proteins which are localized to the cytoplasmic surface of the plasma membrane, p14 and p24, undergo cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation in rapidly growing nontransformed murine embryo cells. In this cell system, growth arrest in the G1 phase of the cell cycle induced by growth factor deprivation is associated with the reversible loss in ability to phosphorylate these substrates. By contrast Simian virus 40 and methylcholanthrene transformed cells show both defective G1 growth control and defects in their ability to phosphorylate p14 and p24 under all tested growth conditions. These data suggested a correlation between defects in the physophorylation of p14 and p24 and defects in the ability of transformed cells to G1 growth arrest. The results of the current studies by contrast show that 3T3 T proadipocytcs which have been transformed by the smooth surface tumorigenesis method show different characteristics. They retain the ability to G1 growth arrest in serum-deficient medium. They show cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation of p14 and p24 during exponential growth. They do not, however, down regulate p14 and p24 phosphorylation in association with G1 growth arrest. These observations suggest that neoplastic transformation is not necessarily associated with absolute defects in the ability to phosphorylate p14 and p24. Rather, the results of the current study suggest that the inability to modulate the cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation of plasma membrane p14 and p24 proteins during the G1 phase of the cell cycle may be more tightly associated with neoplastic transformation.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The plasma membrane of 3T3 cells contains at least two different endogenous cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase systems. One catalyzes the phosphorylation of endogenous protein substrates, i.e., PP24 and PP14, whereas the other catalyzes the phosphorylation of exogenous substrates. In this paper the topography of these cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation systems is described. The results show that the kinases which phosphorylate only exogenous substrates are primarily localized to the outer plasma membrane surface whereas the endogenous cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase and its two endogenous substrates are localized to the cytoplasmic plasma membrane surface. The data also establish that neither the cytoplasmically orientated kinase nor its substrates has a transmembrane orientation even though factors acting on the outer plasma membrane can affect these proteins. This suggests that functional modulation of the cytoplasmically localized cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation system can be mediated by a transmembrane regulatory mechanism. The importance of determining the topography of such plasma membrane phosphorylation systems is emphasized by recent studies which show that neoplastic transformation can be mediated at least in part by protein kinases and/or phosphoproteins which are localized on the cytoplasmic surface of the plasma membrane.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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