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  • Electronic structure and strongly correlated systems  (32)
  • Life and Medical Sciences  (25)
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Yeast 12 (1996), S. 1677-1702 
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: No Abstract
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; chromosome VII ; ribonuclease PH ; HGH1 ; YGR187c ; YGR189c ; YGR194c ; YGR195w ; YGR196c ; YGR198w ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: We have deleted six different ORFs of unknown function located on the right arm of Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome VII; namely, YGR187c/HGH1, YGR189c, YGR194c, YGR195w, YGR196c and YGR198w. No basic phenotypes could be attributed to the strains deleted in any of genes YGR187c/HGH1, YGR189c, YGR194c and YGR196c. These deletants did not show mating, sporulation or growth defects under any of the conditions tested. However, spores bearing deletions in either the YGR195w or YGR198w genes were unable to develop into macroscopical colonies. The YGR195w gene product shows significant homology with bacterial ribonuclease PH, an enzyme hitherto undescribed in yeasts, and its deletion causes a loss of viability after one to three rounds of cell division. Overexpression of this gene, using a tetracycline-regulatable promoter system, did not cause any effect on the cells. Contrary to what has been reported for prokaryotic homologs, this enzyme could play an essential role in yeast cell biology. The product encoded by the other essential ORF, YGR198w, shows no significant homology with any protein of known function in the databases. Spores bearing the deletion usually germinate and give rise to microcolonies of 50-100 non-viable cells. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: LFH deletion cassette ; functional analysis ; chromosome IV ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: We report here the construction of six deletion mutants and the analysis of their basic phenotype. Deletion cassettes containing the KanMX4 marker module and long flanking regions homologous to the target locus were constructed for each of the six open reading-frames (ORFs YDL088c, YDL087c, YDL086w, YDL085w, YDL084w and YDL082w) located on chromosome IV. Sporulation and tetrad analysis of heterozygous deletant strains revealed that, in the FY1679 genetic background, ORFs YDL088c, YDL087c and YDL084w are essential genes for vegetative growth whereas YDL086w, YDL085w and YDL082w are non-essential. ydl088cΔ and ydl084wΔ haploid strains are viable in the CEN. PK2 genetic background although ydl084wΔ grows at a slower rate than the wild type. Complementation tests by corresponding cognate genes confirmed that gene inactivation was responsible for these growth defects. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Fetal hepatocytes in primary culture are cells capable to carry out both proliferation and differentiation processes simultaneously. Previous studies have shown that these cells respond to mitogens, such as hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) or epidermal growth factor (EGF), inducing the expression of early genes, such as fos and myc. The transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) family is one of the most influential groups of growth and differentiation factors. In this report, we show that TGF-β-1 inhibits fetal hepatocyte proliferation, arresting these cells at G1 phase of the cell cycle. In addition, TGF-β down-regulates the mitogen-induced myc early expression. However, TGF-β has no effect on the expression of other protooncogenes, such as fos and H-ras. In addition to its inhibitory role on fetal hepatocyte growth, TGF-β increases the mRNA levels of fibronectin, an extracellular matrix protein, and maintains the expression of some liver specific genes, such as albumin and alfafetoprotein, above control values. The analysis of the expression of some hepatocyte transcriptional factors has shown that TGF-β increases HNF1α and HNF1β mRNA levels. We conclude that TGF-β may modulate liver growth and differentiation throughout fetal development. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Philadelphia : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0095-9898
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Additional Material: 14 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0095-9898
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0148-7280
    Keywords: oocyte ; cumulus oophorus ; corona radiata ; zona pellucida ; hyaluronidase ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Cumulus-oocyte complexes were isolated from the follicles of proestrous rats or from the oviducal ampullae of estrous rats. The zona pellucida of some complexes was dissolved before fixation. The follicular cumulus cells were seen to be held together mainly by long processes, which often extended over a distance of several cells. Large numbers of straight processes from the corona radiata cells, passing to the oocyte, surface, were seen in the space formerly occupied by the zona pellucida. Oocyte microvilli were uniformly short; none traversed the zona.The postovulatory complexes were covered by amorphous extracellular material which also filled the spaces between the cells. By lysis of this material with hyaluronidase the cumulus cells were detached. The surfaces of these cells were covered with blebs.By testing the ability of hyaluronidase to remove the corona cells from the zona pellucida of complexes isolated around the time of ovulation, it was found that the completion of retraction of the corona cells processes occurred in the oviduct, immediately after ovulation. It is suggested that the oviducal environment may influence the final step of the withdrawal of the corona cells' projections from the zona pellucida.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0197-8462
    Keywords: ELF ; magnetic fields ; cyclotron resonance ; calcium transport ; potassium transport ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Occupational Health and Environmental Toxicology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Physics
    Notes: We have investigated the effects of sinusoidal electromagnetic fields (EMF) on ion transport (Ca2+, Na+, K+, and H+) in several cell types (red blood cells, thymocytes, Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, and HL60 and U937 human leukemia cells). The effects on the uptake of radioactive tracers as well as on the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), the intracellular pH (pHi), and the transmembrane potentsial (TMP) were studied. Exposure to EMF at 50 Hz and 100-2000 μT (rms) had no significant effects on any of these parameters. Exposure to EMF of 20-1200 μT (rms) at the estimated cyclotron magnetic resonance frequencies for the respective ions had no significant effects except for a 12-32% increase of the uptake of 42K within a window at 14.5-15.5 Hz and 100-200 μT (rms), which was found in U937 and Ehrlich cells but not in the other cell types. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0197-8462
    Keywords: sperm size and shape ; image analysis ; magnetism ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Occupational Health and Environmental Toxicology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Physics
    Notes: Morphologic and morphometric sperm characteristics of mouse epididymal extracts from animals exposed to static magnetic fields were evaluated. For this purpose, animals were exposed for 35 days to a field of 0.7 T generated by a commercial permanent magnet for either 1 or 24 h per day. The values of morphometric parameters were obtained using the morphometric module of the Sperm Class Analyzer® computerized image analysis system, and percentages of abnormalities were calculated. The size of sperm heads was unaffected by exposure to static magnetic fields. Lack of hook was a sperm head abnormality found significantly more frequently in animals exposed continually than in nonexposed animals, showing a possible alteration to the spermatogenic process after exposure to static magnetic fields. The percentage of sperm with coiled tails or of sperm with abnormal midpiece or tail was not altered by exposure. Bioelectromagnetics 19:377-383, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    BioEssays 8 (1988), S. 124-128 
    ISSN: 0265-9247
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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