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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Literature Xe data for the Angra dos Reis meteorite have been resolved into constituent spallation, fission and trapped components. The spallation Xe compositions vary over a range wider than observed in any other samples, including lunar samples. These variations are due to the mixing of spallation Xe from Ba and rare earth element targets. It is possible to infer the Ba and rare earth spallation Xe compositions. Angra dos Reis spallation Xe compositions are systematically different from those observed in lunar samples, possibly because of differences in the irradiation conditions (geometry and shielding). Thus the Angra dos Reis data appear to be superior to lunar data for predicting spallation Xe compositions in other meteorites.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta; 45; Oct. 198
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: The iodine isotopic compositions and corresponding I-Xe ages were obtained for eight enstatite chondrites, bringing the total number of enstatite chondrites examined by the I-Xe technique to 11. Iodine isotopic compositions of these 11 chondrites indicate a well-defined hiatus correlated with the hiatus in chemical composition defining the two distinct enstatite groups: EH(4,5) and EL(6). Judging by the I-129/I-127 ratios and assuming that both the EH and EL groups originated from a reservoir with a uniform initial iodine isotopic composition, the EH(4,5) chondrites were estimated to be about 4 mln older than the El chondrites.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (ISSN 0016-7037); 52; 101-111
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference; March 13-17, 1978; Houston, TX
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Xenon released in stepwise heating of troctolite 76535 shows remarkable similarity to that from the gas-rich breccias. The low temperature fractions are highly enriched in fissiogenic xenon from Pu-244. Although the quantity of fission xenon is not inconsistent with reported age data, release patterns demonstrate that this component is not due to in situ decay. However, in contrast with the gas-rich breccias, the parentless radionuclear component in 76535 is not accompanied by solar wind xenon. Mechanisms for the emplacement of this component in 76535 cannot, therefore, involve exposure on the lunar surface but most likely involve adsorption along intergranular boundaries or thermally driven redistribution. The fact that xenon released from a gas-poor igneous cumulate can mimic that from gas-rich breccias, except for the presence of solar wind xenon in the latter, suggests that direct exposure to space is not required for the incorporation of these weakly bound, surface-correlated, parentless radionuclear components in lunar samples.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Conference on the Lunar Highlands Crust; November 14-16, 1979; Houston, TX
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Results are reported of stepwise heating analyses of Xe and Kr in four Apollo 16 low-grade breccias: 60019, 60225, 60275, and 67455. All four samples contain significant amounts of solar wind gases and at least three contain excess fission Xe. This observation indicates that the excess fission Xe effect is global rather than local, i.e., results from moon-wide redistribution of fission Xe rather than local redistribution in KREEP-rich Apollo 14 material. It is suggested that the excess fission Xe phenomenon represents a temporal variation in the amount of fission Xe available for redistribution, that it is prominent in samples from both highland sites simply because they are older than mare sites, and that samples from these sites had experienced at least some of their surface exposure at an early epoch.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference; March 13-17, 1978; Houston, TX
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: This paper presents noble-gas (neon, krypton, and xenon) data obtained in stepwise heating of five lunar breccias: 14063, 14082, 15205, 15405, and 15445. These data are discussed in terms of spallation gas content, cosmic-ray exposure ages, and content of fission xenon. None of these samples is rich in solar-wind gases, and none contains more fission xenon than would be expected for in situ fission of U-238 and Pu-244. The essential features of the excess-fission-xenon phenomenon seen in several Apollo 14 samples are reviewed, as are models which might account for this phenomenon and criteria by which these models may be evaluated. The lack of excess fission xenon in 14063 and 14082 eliminates models relying on microscale xenon redistribution. A model is proposed in which the excess fission xenon originates in local material and percolates through and is adsorbed on regolith material.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar Science Conference; March 15-19, 1976; Houston, TX
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Three separate samples of the meteorite Bjurbole were artificially shocked at pressures of 70 kb, 200 kb, and 400 kb. Analysis of xenon released in stepwise heating shows that the I-Xe system of the 400 kb sample is substantially altered by the shock loading, and it is no longer possible to infer an age or trapped xenon composition for that sample. The 200-kb and 70-kb samples display isotopic structures progressively less altered demonstrating the gradations in shock disturbance likely to be found in natural systems. Interpretations of the I-Xe and Ar-40-Ar-39 systems for several naturally shocked meteorites are also presented. New data for Arapahoe do not confirm the previously reported age and trapped xenon composition, demonstrating instead that its I-Xe structure has been strongly disturbed by shock.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference; March 15-19, 1982; Houston, TX
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: A study is conducted of the organization of noble gases in the Apollo 14 breccia 14301, giving particular attention to xenon from the extinct radionuclides I-129 and Pu-244. An essential ingredient of this work is the intercomparison between noble gases released in single-stage melts of grain size fractions and those released in stepwise extractions. This approach resolves 'functional' noble gas components, which are organized by siting, into the specific genetic contributions on the basis of the 'activation energies' for diffusive loss. The procedure makes it possible to resolve various genetic components on the basis of the chemical and structural differences in their specific locations. Consequently, distinctions can be made among components acquired by different processes and among components which have undergone different regolith histories.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference; March 17-21, 1980; Houston, TX
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