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  • 1
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    Academic Press
    In:  London, Academic Press, vol. 558, no. XVI:, pp. 1-14, (ISBN 3-9808493-1-7)
    Publication Date: 1987
    Keywords: Textbook of geophysics ; Geomagnetics ; Applied geophysics
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  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Academic
    In:  San Diego, Calif., Academic, vol. 558, no. XVI:, pp. 1-14, (ISBN 3-9808493-1-7)
    Publication Date: 1991
    Keywords: Geomagnetics ; Textbook of geophysics
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0016-7835
    Keywords: Key words East Antarctica ; Greenville ; Pan-African ; Rodinia ; Heimefrontfjella
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract  The Heimefrontfjella mountains, Western Dronning Maud Land (East Antarctica), are dominantly composed of Grenville-aged (∼1.1 Ga) rocks, which were reworked during the Pan -African orogeny at ∼500 Ma. Three discontinuity-bounded Grenville-aged terranes have been recognized namely (from north to south) the Kottas, Sivorg and Vardeklettane terranes. The terranes contain their own characteristic lithological assemblages, although each is made up of an early supracrustal sequence of metavolcanic and/or metasedimentary gneisses, intruded by various (predominantly granitoid) suites. No older basement upon which the protoliths of these older gneisses were deposited has been recognized. In each terrane the older layered gneisses were intruded by various plutonic suites ranging in age from ∼1150 to ∼1000 Ma. The Vardeklettane terrane is characterized by abundant charnockites and two-pyroxene granulite facies parageneses in metabasites, whereas the Sivorg and Kottas terranes were metamorphosed to amphibolite facies grade. P–T estimates show that peak metamorphic conditions changed from ∼600  °C at 8 kbar in the south, to ∼700  °C at 4 kbar in the northern Sivorg terrane. Regional greenschist retrogression of high-grade assemblages may be of Pan-African age. The Heimefrontfjella terranes were juxtaposed and pervasively deformed during a complex and protracted period of E–W collision orogenesis in a transpressive regime at ∼1.1 Ga. This is manifest as early, gently dipping thrust-related shear fabrics (D1), succeeded by the initiation of an important (D2) steep dextral shear zone (Heimefront shear zone, HSZ), during which the early fabrics and structures were steepened and rotated in an anticlockwise sense. The HSZ is a curvilinear structure which changes from a dextral oblique strike-slip lateral ramp in the north to a steep dip-slip frontal ramp in the south, where it forms the boundary between the Sivorg and Vardeklettane terranes. The Pan-African event is manifested as discrete, low- to medium-temperature ductile to brittle shears (D3) and numerous K/Ar cooling ages.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1437-3262
    Keywords: East Antarctica ; Greenville ; Pan-African ; Rodinia ; Heimefrontfjella
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract The Heimefrontfjella mountains, Western Dronning Maud Land (East Antarctica), are dominantly composed of Grenville-aged (≈ 1.1 Ga) rocks, which were reworked during the Pan -African orogeny at ≈500 Ma. Three discontinuity-bounded Grenville-aged terranes have been recognized namely (from north to south) the Kottas, Sivorg and Vardeklettane terranes. The terranes contain their own characteristic lithological assemblages, although each is made up of an early supracrustal sequence of metavolcanic and/or metasedimentary gneisses, intruded by various (predominantly granitoid) suites. No older basement upon which the protoliths of these older gneisses were deposited has been recognized. In each terrane the older layered gneisses were intruded by various plutonic suites ranging in age from ≈ 1150 to ≈1000 Ma. The Vardeklettane terrane is characterized by abundant charnockites and two-pyroxene granulite facies parageneses in metabasites, whereas the Sivorg and Kottas terranes were metamorphosed to amphibolite facies grade. P-T estimates show that peak metamorphic conditions changed from ≈600°C at 8 kbar in the south, to ≈700 °C at 4 kbar in the northern Sivorg terrane. Regional greenschist retrogression of high-grade assemblages may be of Pan-African age. The Heimefrontfjella terranes were juxtaposed and pervasively deformed during a complex and protracted period of E-W collision orogenesis in a transpressive regime at ≈ 1.1 Ga. This is manifest as early, gently dipping thrust-related shear fabrics (D1), succeeded by the initiation of an important (D2) steep dextral shear zone (Heimefront shear zone, HSZ), during which the early fabrics and structures were steepened and rotated in an anticlockwise sense. The HSZ is a curvilinear structure which changes from a dextral oblique strike-slip lateral ramp in the north to a steep dip-slip frontal ramp in the south, where it forms the boundary between the Sivorg and Vardeklettane terranes. The Pan-African event is manifested as discrete, low- to medium-temperature ductile to brittle shears (D3) and numerous K/Ar cooling ages.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1572-879X
    Keywords: Pt-Pd/alumina ; combustion catalyst ; hydrothermal treatment ; xylene oxidation ; light-off temperature ; TEM/STEM/EDS ; LEIS
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Two Pt/Pd catalysts on cordierite monoliths were prepared by impregnating two differently treated alumina washcoats with 10 μmol [Pt+Pd] per gram catalyst in the atomic ratio Pt/Pd=4.0. Both washcoats were first thermally treated, calcined, for 2 h at 550 °C in air and one of them was additionally treated, hydrothermally, in 100% steam for 2 h at 814 °C. The hydrothermally treated catalyst was more active for complete oxidation of xylene in air: its light-off temperature was 232 °C, compared to 259 °C for the sample calcined only. To explain this higher activity, both catalysts were characterized by BET surface area, pore-size distribution, hydrogen chemisorption, X-ray diffraction, TEM/STEM/EDS and low-energy ion scattering spectroscopy (LEIS). The catalyst with a hydrothermally treated washcoat had 30% lower surface area, larger alumina crystal size, higher degree of crystallization of alumina and larger average catalyst pore size (11 nm vs. 6 nm), than the one with the washcoat, treated only thermally. The LEIS results indicated a surface enrichment of Pd on both catalysts. The Pt signal in LEIS was higher for the hydrothermally treated sample.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1572-879X
    Keywords: Ni/Al2O3 catalysts ; growth mechanism ; hydrogenation of toluene ; surface characterization ; ALE ; LEIS ; ISS ; XPS
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract A series of Ni/Al2O3 catalysts prepared from vapor phase by the atomic layer epitaxy (ALE) technique have been studied. A model is proposed for the growth mechanism of nickel in its oxidic form on alumina, from sequences of treatments with Ni(acac)2 and air. In the study activity measurements were combined with surface analysis by LEIS and XPS. During the first preparation sequence (〈 5 wt% Ni) atomically dispersed nickel is obtained on the alumina support. The nickel atoms are catalytically inactive, but act as nuclei for the growth of the catalytically active Ni-species during the subsequent preparation sequences. The highest utilization of nickel atoms in the hydrogenation of toluene was obtained when the nickel nuclei were covered with one layer of active nickel species.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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