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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2016-09-24
    Description: Investors and creditors expect that the performance of the firms, which they invested in them, proceed according to their expected conditions and their performance evaluation of the firms based on their type and size. Because of owners and shareholders multiplicity, direct monitoring on firm performance is not possible by shareholders, but this group can only receive benefit from performance evaluation from the firm. Therefore it is logical that by creating firm evaluation mechanisms they are up to maintane their benefit. This research studies the effect of firm size on its efficiency in the firms of Tehran Stock Exchange during 2007 to 2011 with the sample of 75 firms. For this purpose, the Data Envelopment Analysis technique has been used as the firms efficiency evaluation criteria and the amount of firm sale determined as the firm size. The results revealed a significant inverse relationship between efficiency and the size of firm.
    Keywords: L25 ; G30 ; ddc:330 ; Efficiency ; Data Envelopment Analysis ; Firm size ; Iran
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-09-24
    Description: Considering the present situation of the society of Iran and according to the effect of grand institution of waqf in resolving problems such as poverty, it is necessary to make an opportunity that new subject such as cash waqf being studied and examined. Hence, the purpose of this research is to analysis the role of cash waqf in investment increase in the form of financing the Islamic contracts and it's economic impact on poverty reduction. As the methodology of this research is survey-analysis and based on analysis of covariance matrix by using a Structural Equations Modeling(SEM), a questionnaire has been designed and distributed among 110 members of related professors and specialists in mashhad city- Iran. The results of this research show that if cash waqf can be used as a financial instrument in the Islamic economy, It can be a source of increase in investment in the form of Islamic contracts and legal forms and by spending the profit of investment on poverty reduction programs, we can expect it's positive impact on poverty reduction. With this research we want to try to make an early design of poverty alleviation in the financial viewpoint of cash waqf. It is suggested that other researchers enter other macroeconomic variables (e.g. economic growth, inflation, etc.) that can potentially affected by the implementation of cash waqf funds.The results of this paper may serve as a scientific resource for the waqf institutions and also can be used in the banking system of Iran for charitable purposes. Moreover, due to the increase of orientation towards Islamic economic in Iran, this survey can be a good source for studies and researchers of university. This paper is the first study on cash waqf in Iran that provide economic result based on statistical methodology and questionnaire. Conversely, other studies are based on Juridical methodology.
    Keywords: E22 ; G11 ; I30 ; J62 ; O10 ; O16 ; O23 ; Z0 ; Z12 ; ddc:330 ; Waqf ; Cash Waqf ; Investment ; Poverty ; Iran
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-12-05
    Description: Energy has been heavily subsidized in Iranian economy for decades. Due to low oil prices, and, thus, budget limit, fossil fuel prices are under gradual liberalization. This will result in higher cost of production in all fuel consuming activities including agriculture. So it seems that farmers will plan to substitute fossil fuels by non-fossil alternatives. This study aims at modeling and prediction of energy demand (as a key factor of production) in Iranian agriculture. Box-Jenkins methodology is applied to model agricultural consumption of four major sources of energy including: gasoline, kerosene, gasoil and electricity for the period spanning from 1988 to 2014. Also same data are predicted for 2015-2026 in order to check model adequacy and provide information regarding status of energy demand in Iranian agriculture in the future. Main results indicate a downward trend in consumption of four energy types except electricity which is predicted to go up. This implies that, as far as energy consumption is concerned, Iranian agriculture is approaching to a more sustainable situation. Rearrangement of fuel price support policy from nonrenewable to renewable sources and provision of more governmental support for switching to lower-carbon and environment-friendly energy sources is recommended.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Agriculture ; BJ methodology ; Energy consumption ; Iran ; Modeling
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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