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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: NASA has initiated the Global Tropospheric Experiment (GTE) for the study of the chemistry of the global troposphere. One phase of GTE, Chemical Instrumentation Test and Evaluation (CITE), is concerned with the development and validation of measurement techniques for trace species which play important roles in the tropospheric chemical cycles. In connection with CITE 1 an intercomparison of instruments is conducted for the measurement of CO, NO, and OH. These species have been identified as critical for an understanding of homogeneous gas-phase chemistry in the troposphere. The present paper provides an operational overview of the first of three instrument intercomparison field missions conducted as part of GTE/CITE 1. The missions include one ground-based and two airborne missions, and were designed to characterize current capability of measuring ambient levels of CO, NO, and OH.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 90; 12
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  • 2
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    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: The historical development of techniques for measuring three velocity components using laser velocimetry is presented. The techniques are described and their relative merits presented. Many of the approaches currently in use based on the fringe laser velocimeter have yielded inaccurate measurements of turbulence intensity in the on-axis component. A possible explanation for these inaccuracies is presented along with simulation results.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-27
    Description: An investigation to determine the feasibility of using a laser velocimeter for measuring the mean flow velocities about airplane models in the Langley 16-foot transonic tunnel has recently been completed. The laser velocimeter was a two-component fringe-type used in the back scatter mode. The tunnel airflow was seeded with oil droplets to provide scattering sources for the laser velocimeter. Measurements of the tunnel free-stream velocity were in good agreement with the tunnel calibration, and measurements of the velocity along the stagnating streamline of a hemisphere model, when adjusted for particle lag, were in good agreement with theoretical predictions. The study showed that the laser, optics, and electronics system operated satisfactorily, but that further development is required to reduce scattering particle size and substance accumulation in the tunnel.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: AIAA PAPER 75-1425 , General Aviation Technologyfest; Nov. 13, 14, 1975; Wichita, Kan.
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: The study involves a simultaneous measurement with both instruments along radial scans at two axial locations in the jet exiting from the turbulent pipe and an axial scan at the 75-percent radial location in the jet from the convergent nozzle. The results suggest that, within the limits of flow stationarity, both instruments yield measurements in good agreement, + or - 0.8-percent in turbulence intensity, below a turbulence intensity (the ensemble standard deviation divided by the local mean velocity) of 20 percent. From turbulence intensities of 20 percent to a maximum of 75 percent, the measurements exhibit the same trends; for reasons discussed here, however, the comparisons are not of the quality as those below 20 percent. It is found that correcting the turbulence intensity data for velocity bias errors increases the results by an average of 2 percent in turbulence intensity above the hot wire results and the uncorrected laser velocimeter data. The results are seen as calling into question the validity of using the velocity bias correction and time average techniques for turbulence intensity measurements.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: The feasibility of performing Raman and laser velocimeter measurements simultaneously is demonstrated, and it is shown that the background radiation associated with the Mie scattering and large particulate concentrations does not saturate or distort the relatively weak rotational Raman signals. Under stringent conditions of low static gas densities and large particulate concentrations, Raman density and temperature measurements agree to within plus or minus 5% of the calculated values.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: AIAA Journal; 12; Oct. 197
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: The features and performance parameters of the frequency domain laser velocimeter signal processor (FDSP) for examining flow phenomena are described. A candidate for replacing the standard signal processor, the FDSP can function receiving bursts of as few as 150 photons in an instantaneous mode or down to a photon resolved regime for an averaging mode. the FDSP has a nonlinear A/D converter and data storage shift registers (high speed recorder group), an elliptic digital filter bank, a controlling microprocessor and frequency and signal gain control circuits (low speed data processing group). The high speed group amplifies, digitizes, identifies and stores burst waveforms and the low speed group identifies the signal frequency within the burst after the signal passes through digital filters. The FDSP can operate in a near-autonomous mode using photon correlation techniques and requires no human intervention for calibration.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: A specialized single-axis, five-beam three-component laser velocimeter was constructed and used to study the flow field in a juncture. The juncture was defined by a blunt leading edged vertical splitter plate and a sharp leading edged horizontal plate. The investigations were conducted in the Low Turbulence Pressure Tunnel at a Mach number of 0.1 and a Reynolds number of 2.2 x 10 to the 6th per meter over the model. The three-component velocity flow field in the juncture was measured, Reynolds stresses calculated, and the velocity vector analysis performed.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: The question of whether a random measure of particle velocities yields a good statistical estimate of the stationary condition of the turbulence flow field was investigated by comparing hot-wire and laser velocimeter turbulence intensity measurements. Great care was taken to insure that the instrument precision of both the laser velocimeter and hot wire was maximized. In this attempt to reduce the measurement uncertainties in the hot wire, direct digitization of the analog output signal was performed with point-by-point conversion to velocity through a spline fit calibration curve and the turbulence intensity function was calculated statistically. Frequent calibrations of the hot wire were performed using the laser velocimeter as the velocity standard to account for the presence of the small seed particles in the air flow and signal drift in the hot wire.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: Flow Visualization and Laser Velocimetry for Wind Tunnels; p 303-322
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The statistical calculations of the mean and potential bias errors are considered with respect to their applicability to the randomly sampled velocity data obtained from a laser velocimeter. Techniques for displaying the resulting data in the form of arrow plots, flow streamline plots, and contour maps are also discussed. A description is presented of the operation of a new hardware interface between the signal processing electronics and the computer. The interface has been constructed to make it possible to use recently developed data processing techniques for obtaining turbulent power spectra from laser velocimeter data. Additional capabilities which were built into the interface allow the measurement of the velocity vector for each particle passing through the laser velocimeter sample window. By processing the data with extended versions of the turbulent power spectra techniques, cross spectra, interactions between velocity magnitude fluctuations, and flow angle fluctuations may be investigated.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: International Workshop on Laser Velocimetry; Jul 11, 1978 - Jul 13, 1978; West Lafayette, IN
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: A one-component, fringe type laser velocimeter in the backscatter mode was used to measure flow velocities from 732 to 792 m/sec about a shock from an inclined flat plate in a Mach 5 tunnel. This test was chosen to determine system characteristics in applying the laser velocimeter to measure velocities in hypersonic flow fields. The seeding particles, less than 20 microns in diameter, were injected into the tunnel supply pipe, approximately 1 meter upstream of the nozzle throat, through a rake along the diameter. The LV signals were processed by two methods, a scanning spectrum analyzer and a high-speed counter. The measured velocity distributions obtained were analyzed to determine the errors due to particle lag, transit time broadening and high-speed counter quantizing error.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: International Workshop on Laser Velocimetry; Mar 27, 1974 - Mar 29, 1974; West Lafayette, IN
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