Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract A new approach was developed for the determination of taxonomic and evolutional relationships among four genera of oligotrophic bacteria. The main idea of this approach is the algorithmized integrative analysis of the morphological and physiological specificity of these bacteria, their 5S rRNA sequences, fatty acid and lipid composition of their membranes, as well as their sensitivity to a large variety of antibiotics. It was shown that the genera Caulobacter and Hyphomonas are closely related to each other, but they are both distant from Hyphomicrobium species. The new genus, “Hyphobacter”, is placed between Caulobacter and Hyphomonas. Taxonomic heterogeneity was found to exist within the genera Caulobacter and Hyphomicrobium. Evolutional pathways from Caulobacter to Hyphomicrobium are proposed on the basis of the present data. No correlations were found between the cell morphology of the organisms and their geno-and chemotaxonomy.
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