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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2017-01-05
    Description: Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2009. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Paleoceanography 24 (2009): PA3209, doi:10.1029/2008PA001717.
    Description: The density structure across the Florida Straits is reconstructed for the last 8000 years from oxygen isotope measurements on foraminifera in sediment cores. The oxygen isotope measurements suggest that the density contrast across the Florida Current increased over this time period. The magnitude of this change corresponds to an increase in the geostrophic transport referenced to 800 m water depth of 4 sverdrups (Sv) over the last 8000 years. The spatial and seasonal distribution of incoming solar radiation due to changes in the Earth's orbit has caused systematic changes in the atmospheric circulation, including a southward migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone over the last 8000 years. These changes in atmospheric circulation and the associated wind-driven currents of the upper ocean could readily account for a 4 Sv increase in the strength of the Florida Current. We see no evidence in our data for dramatic changes in the strength of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation over this time period.
    Description: This work was supported by NSF grants OCE-9984989/OCE-0428803 and OCE-0096472 to J.L.-S. and NSF grants OCE-0096469 to W.B.C.
    Keywords: Florida Current ; Holocene ; Foraminifera
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Article
    Format: application/postscript
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2017-01-05
    Description: Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2004. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Paleoceanography 19 (2004): PA4001, doi:10.1029/2004PA001008.
    Description: Planktonic foraminiferal δ18O time series from three well-dated, high sedimentation rate cores near the Florida Keys (24.4°N, 83.3°W) exhibit repeated centennial to millennial-scale oscillations during the late Holocene. Isotopic shifts of 0.2–0.3‰ over the past 5200 years represent changes in sea-surface temperature (SST) of 1.0–1.5°C or salinity variability of 1–2 psu. The largest significant isotopic events are centered at approximately 200, 2000, 3200, and prior to 4000 calendar years BP. High Florida Current δ18O during the Little Ice Age (LIA) correlates with published records of high δ18O in the Sargasso Sea and low SST off the coast of west Africa. An interval of generally low δ18O in the Florida Straits from 1800 to 500 years BP is synchronous with the Medieval Warm Period off west Africa but leads low δ18O in the Sargasso Sea by several hundred years. Synchronous cooling across the subtropical gyre during the LIA is difficult to explain using interannual North Atlantic Oscillation patterns but may be consistent with the simulated effects of reduced solar irradiance. At frequencies between 1/1000 and 1/300 years during the Late Holocene, Florida Current δ18O is coherent with a published estimate of 14C production rate. Radiocarbon production seems to lead δ18O at these frequencies, but uncertainty in the phase calculation precludes a clear lead-lag relationship. At frequencies lower than 1/300 years, Florida Current δ18O is coherent and in phase with atmospheric Δ14C. The coherence of Δ14C and δ18O at periods 〉1000 years implies oceanic circulation may play a role in modulating atmospheric radiocarbon on millennial timescales.
    Description: This work was supported by NSF grants OCE-9905605 and OCE-0096469.
    Keywords: Holocene ; Florida current ; Density
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Article
    Format: application/pdf
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